(Update on April 16, 2013)
Borneo (Kalimantan) is one of the major islands in the world that is located in southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the larger Sunda group of Malays. The island is bounded by the South China Sea (northwest) and, Sulu Sea, Sulawesi Makassar Strait and the Java Sea. Largest political segment of the island is Indonesian (until 1949 the Netherlands). In 1963 joined the federation of Malaysia and among them the Islamic Sultanate (empire) of Brunei. The Population of the island in 1990 were estimated at 12.305 million, which had 8.911 million Kalimantan, Sabah, Sarawak 3.135 million, and Brunei 259.000.
Most of the area of Borneo belongs to Indonesia
Borneo is mountainous and largely covered by rain forest. Mount Kinabalu, in the far northeast, extending southwest of the island to the Crocker Range, Nieuwenhuis and Muller mountains. Most of Borneo, supplied by the river navigable, often survive only with the trade. Equatorial climate is hot and humid with a fairly distinct division into two seasons, the rainy season between October and March and a relatively dry and cool in the summer for rest of the year.
The average rainfall is about 150 inches (3800 mm) a year. Both the flowers and fauna of Borneo population very varied. They include Rafflesia (the largest flower in the world), orangutan and gibbon, leopard, elephant, rhinoceros, and many insects. Kinabalu and Gunung Mulu National Parks are conservation areas where protected species of animals, are nurtured back to a healthy population.
In the districts of Sarawak, Kalimantan and Sabah, tourists can visit Orangutan Rehabilitation Centers where many of the animals that have been orphaned or rescued in some way, are prepared for release back into the Borneo rainforest. Many of Borneo’s wildlife sanctuaries run volunteer projects lasting from 2 weeks to 3-6 months, were volunteers can be directly involved in preserving these precious animals. The island is not only inhabited by Malay standards but by variable population. This includes Dayak, Dayak people on Wikipedia (These people were the ancestors to Borneo’s diverse peoples that are today known collectively as Dayaks, and developed in their each environment), Malay Muslims, Chinese and small part of Europe.