Dangerous Attraction, called “Debus” !

Debus is known as a martial art typical from Banten, West Java, Indonesia, still very strong in martial arts movements and use of weapons. Art of Banten Debus is widely used and focuses on a immune of the person against sharp objects. Almost all native Banten learn martial arts, furthermore some learning Debus and some not.

 

One of Debus attractions
Images Galery

 

Debus was derived from the word translucent. Debus Art has grown and evolved since hundreds of years ago, along with the development of Islamic religion in Banten. In the beginning this art has a function as deployment of religion, but in the Dutch colonial period, this martial art is used to raise the spirit of the warrior and banten people against Dutch colonialism, because at that time the power between both side is not balanced, the Dutch have a very complete weapons and powerful and continue to urge warriors and people of banten that only have heritage martial arts as a weapons and they fought by guerrilla way.

Debus in the Arabic language which means sharp weapon made from iron, has a pointy end and a slightly rounded shape. With this tool Debus players be injured, but usually can not be penetrated although the players of Debus was beaten many times by others. Immune attractions that are showcased such as piercing the stomach with a sharp object or a spear, slicing the body by a machete until injured and uninjured, eat fire, insert a long needle into the tongue, skin, cheeks until translucent and not injured. Slicing limbs until wounded and bleeding but can be cured at once, flushing the body by liquid chemicals until the clothes on the body crushed, chewing glass / glass flake, burning the body and many more attractions that they do.

 

Debus Attraction
GNU Free Documentation License

 

The requirements to do this attraction is not easy. Before the performance, the players have to do ritual things that is given by their teachers, usually 1-2 weeks before the ritual performed.

In addition, they are also required to have strong faith and must believe to Islamic teaching (their religion). Taboos for Debus players are : not allowed to drink alcohol, gambling, playing a woman, or stealing, and players also should be sure and do not hesitate in carrying out the action, the violations committed by a player can be very dangerous for them.

At this time many Debus warriors living in the village of Walantaka, District Walantaka, Serang regency, West Java, Indonesia. It is unfortunate that the existence of Debus become less, because the youth prefer to seek another livelihoods, and because the attraction is also quite a dangerous to do, some of Debus players get hurt due to lack of exercise. Therefore the cultural heritage is nearly gone. Previously, we could see the attraction of Debus in many areas of Banten, but now attraction Debus only exist in particular event. So not every day we can see the attraction. Cultural heritage which is displaced by the change of time.

 

Legend of scary creature from Bali called “LEAK”

LEAK was a human who practiced black magic and have cannibalistic behavior. Leak can fly to find a pregnant woman and suck the blood of newborn babies, to complete magical abilities.

There are three kinds of legendary LEAK, two females and one male. Great magic skills can be transformed into Rangda, queen of black magic. LEAK believed to haunt the cemetery, eat the corpse, have the power to transform themselves into animals, even they can change the form become a monkey with a gold or rat tooth, or they can transformed being bald giant with a very long tongue and large fangs.

 

English: Wooden mask representing the witch Rangda.
Source : Tropenmuseum
Author : Tropenmuseum
licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

 

 

In Balinese mythology, LEAK is the wicked witch. Le means witches and ak means evil. LEAK can only be seen at night by the Shaman hunter LEAK.
In the afternoon their appeared as an ordinary human being, but at night they free themselves from their bodies and fly around. Their strong enemies are BARONG, a character in the mythology of Bali.

Barong is the king of the spirits, leader of a good host. Barong and Rangda represents the character of Good and Evil in Bali legend.

 

 

Some people say that LEAK magic only works on the island, therefore LEAK is only found in Bali.

If someone stabbed LEAK from the neck down to the head and when the head separated from his body, then LEAK can not be reunited with his body. If the head is separated at a specified time, then LEAK will be die.

Mask of LEAK with sharp teeth and long tongue is also sometimes used as a home decoration.

In the world of LEAK is known attractions that are very interesting, such as performing skills among followers of LEAK. They will demonstrate the ability of various levels, such as martial arts.
They are performing a war, air attraction and various other skills.

More about LEAK (Wikipedia)

 

Heavy mask from spiritual art “Reog Ponorogo”

Indonesia is rich in different cultures, but the lack of attention by the upper class society or government, culture in Indonesia will gradually disappear, because it will be eliminated by a foreign culture that came into Indonesia. Indonesian nation should really filter foreign culture that goes into Indonesia.

From the cultural diversity in Indonesia, one of them is Reog Ponorogo. Reog is one of Indonesian national culture that still exist and continue to be developed so that the culture can be preserved and as an invaluable heritage.

 

Reog dancers in Ponorogo, ca. 1920.
Source : Tropenmuseum
Author : Unknown

 

Reog is one of the cultural arts that originated from Eastern Java Indonesia that is still very strong with powerful mystical thing. Ponorogo as a city that is known by the origin of  Reog Ponorogo places have a variety of objects and tourist attraction. Of course the main attraction is Reog itself. However, as the Cultural Arts Reog hometown, it was not every day we can see the traditional art performances.

 

Reog Ponorogo Indonesia
Reog dancer, Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia
Source : en.wp
Author : User:Chezumar
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU

 

The art is well known in Indonesia and abroad. Each year the National Reog Festival held in conjunction with the anniversary of Ponorogo regency. Reog is also performed on the full moon night in the square “Paseban Ponorogo”.

In the show Reog displayed in the form of a lion’s head mask known as “Singa Barong” (Lion Barong), king of  forest, which became a symbol to describe the Powerful king , and above it is plugged in peacock feathers to resemble a giant fan which symbolizes the strong power and influence. Weight of mask can reach 50-60 kg. This heavy mask carried by the dancers with their teeth. The ability to bring this mask is obtained by heavy exercise, also believed to be obtained by spiritual practices like fasting and penance.

Malaysia claims Reog Ponorogo

Having failed to claim some cultures of  Indonesia, Malaysia tried to claim  Reog Ponorogo as their culture.
If art of  Wayang which they are claimed not be renamed, but about  Reog because there are names  Ponorogo district, the name was changed became Barongan Dance, though Reog actually is not a dragon form like Barongsai but a form of tigers and peacocks.

 

Barongan Dance Malaysia
Taken from the art sites Malaysia Ministry
Public Domain

 

Detailed information can be found at : REOG (Wikipedia)

 

Rhinos nearly extinct!

According to the Head of Public Relations of the Ministry of Forestry Sumarto, Indonesia has two types of rhinos, the Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) and the Javanese rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus). Both Indonesian rhino-types are categorized as critically endangered because its population has decreased dramatically in the last three decades.

 

Javan Rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus) shown in the London Zoo from march 1874 until january 1885. It was captured in Jakarta.
Source : Zoonooz
Author : T.Dixon. The Zoological Society of London
Public domain

 

A photo of a young but dead Javan Rhinoceros in Ujung Kulon, the hunter is Charles te Mechelen.
Source : Rhino Resource Center
Author : Charles te Mechelen

 

The population of rhinos in Indonesia is nearly extinct. In order to maintain the existence of animals that belong to Indonesia, Javanese and Sumatran rhinos, various efforts were made.
Sumatran rhino-habitats still exist in three national parks on Sumatra Island.
The last Javanese rhino-habitat exist only in Ujung Kulon National Park on Java Island.  Around the world, the species of Javanese Rhino was only in the Ujung Kulon National Park.
Having declared extinction of rhinos in India, following Vietnam in 2011, currently the population of the Javanese rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus) in the world just stay in Ujung Kulon National Park, Banten, West Java, Indonesia.

The increasement of human population, and the difficulty of breeding rhinos make the rhino populations endangered. The number of Javanese rhino (Rhinocheros sondaicus) at Ujung Kulon National Park, Banten, is at least 35 and based on recent monitoring. The rhinos have been counted by using a camera trap technology.

Many problems are faced. The pressure of society, as well as a lack of concern. Community feel existence of the animal was not so important, it may be because of the society education. In fact Javanese rhinos only exist in Ujung Kulon.

 

Ujung Kulon National Park, 2002, by User:Ravn
Under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

 

And also the numbers of distribution locations of Sumatran rhinos are on the wane. The number of Sumatran rhino-habitats only remain in three places, in the South Bukit Barisan National Park, National Parks Way Kambar, and National Park Leuseur. Within a few decades earlier, Sumatran rhinos nearly scattered throughout mainland of Sumatra but at the moment they are no more than 150.

 

Sumatran Rhinoceroses at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Source : Photo Sumatran Rhinos: “Emi” and 14 month old son “Harapan” from Flickr
Author : Charles W. Hardin

 

Bukit Barisan National Park
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU,

 

Gunung Leuser National Park in northern Sumatra, Indonesia.
Source : Jungle Life / Indonesia, Gunung Leuser National Park
Under Licence Creative Commons Atribusi 2.0 Generik
Author : flydime

 

Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis) Rosa in the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary, Way Kambas, Sumatra, Indonesia
Source : flickr: IMG_2227
Author : Willem v Strien
Under Licence Creative Commons Atribusi 2.0 Generik

“In addition to hunting, forest loss is also a major threat to the survival of the remaining Sumatran rhino. Forest conversion uncontrollable causes fragmented forests. As a result, in some cases, the Sumatran rhino population reportedly entered the fields in search of food. In the South Bukit Barisan National Park, Lampung, a major threat to rhino habitat is forest encroachment into coffee plantations and other agricultural crops” explained Adhi Rachmat Hariyadi, Coordinator of the Rhino Conservation Program of WWF-Indonesia.

Besides breeding rhino population has been elusive by human factors, its presence is threatened due to further factors such as attacks from other animals like bisons and tigers.

Rhino preservation can be done in three stages, that is receiving supply of adequate food, water and adequate shelter. Involvement of local people who have lived longer around rhino habitats is capable to build a “fence”-zone which is effective in keeping the rhino population.

 

The obvious disadvantage is that once extinct, the species will not be found again!