Debus is known as a martial art typical from Banten, West Java, Indonesia, still very strong in martial arts movements and use of weapons. Art of Banten Debus is widely used and focuses on a immune of the person against sharp objects. Almost all native Banten learn martial arts, furthermore some learning Debus and some not.
Debus was derived from the word translucent. Debus Art has grown and evolved since hundreds of years ago, along with the development of Islamic religion in Banten. In the beginning this art has a function as deployment of religion, but in the Dutch colonial period, this martial art is used to raise the spirit of the warrior and banten people against Dutch colonialism, because at that time the power between both side is not balanced, the Dutch have a very complete weapons and powerful and continue to urge warriors and people of banten that only have heritage martial arts as a weapons and they fought by guerrilla way.
Debus in the Arabic language which means sharp weapon made from iron, has a pointy end and a slightly rounded shape. With this tool Debus players be injured, but usually can not be penetrated although the players of Debus was beaten many times by others. Immune attractions that are showcased such as piercing the stomach with a sharp object or a spear, slicing the body by a machete until injured and uninjured, eat fire, insert a long needle into the tongue, skin, cheeks until translucent and not injured. Slicing limbs until wounded and bleeding but can be cured at once, flushing the body by liquid chemicals until the clothes on the body crushed, chewing glass / glass flake, burning the body and many more attractions that they do.
The requirements to do this attraction is not easy. Before the performance, the players have to do ritual things that is given by their teachers, usually 1-2 weeks before the ritual performed.
In addition, they are also required to have strong faith and must believe to Islamic teaching (their religion). Taboos for Debus players are : not allowed to drink alcohol, gambling, playing a woman, or stealing, and players also should be sure and do not hesitate in carrying out the action, the violations committed by a player can be very dangerous for them.
At this time many Debus warriors living in the village of Walantaka, District Walantaka, Serang regency, West Java, Indonesia. It is unfortunate that the existence of Debus become less, because the youth prefer to seek another livelihoods, and because the attraction is also quite a dangerous to do, some of Debus players get hurt due to lack of exercise. Therefore the cultural heritage is nearly gone. Previously, we could see the attraction of Debus in many areas of Banten, but now attraction Debus only exist in particular event. So not every day we can see the attraction. Cultural heritage which is displaced by the change of time.