Category Archives: Animals

The beauty of Bunaken island that is recognized by UNESCO

Bunaken Island is famous for Forest Park in the middle of the ocean or sea which had entered the National Park and has the highest biodiversity in the world oceans.

Bunaken Island is located in the north of Sulawesi, precisely in the Bay of Manado, and is included the territory of Indonesia. The extent of approximately 8.08 km2, but if totalized, Bunaken island has an area of ??approximately 75,265 hectares with five islands in it, among others: the island of  Manado Tua, Siladen Island, Mantehage Island, Naen Island and some islands from Mantehage island protected within the Bunaken National Park.

 

Bunaken Island Wikipedia GNU Free Documentation License
Bunaken Island
Wikipedia
GNU Free Documentation License

 

The island of Bunaken to Manado Tua Island Source :Own work Author : Btv70  GNU Free Documentation License
The island of Bunaken to Manado Tua Island
Source : Wikipedia
Author : Btv70
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Bunaken National Park is representative for Indonesian tropical water ecosystems consisting of mangrove ecosystems, sea grass beds, coral reefs, land and coastal ecosystems.

The name “Bunaken” is known far abroad as one of the best dive sites in the world. Indonesia as a country with many islands in the world has plenty of magnificent beaches and marine biodiversity. In the Bunaken Marine Park the visitors will see the various forms of marine life which are beautiful and colorful.

 

Bunaken marine park at North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Source :Wikipedia Author : Borgx Public Domain
Bunaken marine park at North Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Source : Wikipedia
Author : Borgx
Public Domain

 

Bunaken Island lined up from the southeast to the northwest part of the island. In this region also exist Great Underwater Walls which are often called the Hanging Walls or giant rock walls that stand vertically and curved upward.

According to the records, there are about 91 species of fish and live in the Bunaken Marine Park, while coral reefs totaling 13 species domination by the majority of marine rocks.

There are 20 point dive for scuba diving that could be enjoyed by the visitors who want to get the sensation while swimming in the bottom of the sea with a variety of marine life around.

Other than that view of the ocean still can be seen not only through diving, but in a way by boarding semi submarine ships that can be found offshore Bunaken Island. This ships have walls of glass, so visitors can see the view of the sea.

Bunaken National Park was established in 1991 and on 2005 UNESCO made ??Bunaken becoming one of the world heritage and made the tourism in that area  more popular.

 

Bunaken Island sightseeing

 

Diving in Bunaken Marine Park 

 

 Location of Bunaken Island


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Fascinating Canyon in West Sumatra “Ngarai Sianok”

Ngarai Sianok  is a beautiful canyon, green and lush. On the bottom of the valley flowed tributary that meander tracing the cracks of the cliff, with the background of Mount Merapi and Mount Singgalang.

 

Ngarai Sianok and Singgalang mountain behind it
By : Ayu

 

Ngarai has a meaning valley, and Sianok is the name of a village in the area. Located is not far from Jam Gadang near the center of  Bukit Tinggi, West Sumatra (Sumatra Island) Indonesia.  It can  be reached  by public transportation.

 

Jam Gadang (literally “Big Clock”) is a clocktower and major landmark of the city of Bukit Tinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia. It is located in the centre of the city, near the main market, Pasar Atas, and is a tourist attraction. This clocktower has large clocks on each side and was given the name “Jam Gadang” (Description from Wikipedia)
By : Ayu

 

This gap of about 100 m which stretches along 15 km with a width of  approximately 200 m and is part of the fracture that separates the island of Sumatra in half lengthwise.

The Fault formed the steep wall, even perpendicular and formed green valley. The result of the down movement of skin of the earth (sinklinal) which flowed by Sianok Trunk (trunk means river, the Minangkabau language) that the water is clear.

Ngarai Sianok is a steep valley (ravine) and become one of the main attractions of the province.

 

One of the beautiful valley or canyon in the world
by : Ayu

 

We can see a perfect view of the Ngarai Sianok from Panorama Park, which is located inside the town of Bukittinggi. In this park there is also a famous Japanese hole. The garden is very beautiful and spacious, cool weather was a typical Bukittinggi will make an amazing atmosphere

From there, we can see a perfect landscape. This valley has a cliffs covered by the green forests. The extent up to tens of kilometers.

 

The Forrest in the Valley
by : Ayu

 

This valley is also very charming. On the left side there is a barren cliffs and forests and small streams. On the right, there are rice fields, roads, and houses. At the top there is a mountain  which is shrouded by mist.

 

Foggy “Ngarai Sianok”
By : Ayu

 

In addition, there is also a herd of monkeys around the park. No need to be afraid because the monkey is pretty benign on the visitors. Others fauna that can still be found are : long-tailed monkeys, gibbons, hoop, deer, wild boar, leopard, and tapir.

 

One of the animals that exist there 😀
by : Ayu

 

Video of ” Ngarai Sianok” with the local traditional music background

 

Another Video of Beautiful “Ngarai Sianok”

 

  Location of Ngarai Sianok, Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia


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The facts about Komodo Dragons

Komodo Dragons (Varanus komodoensi) represent the world’s largest lizard species and live only on the islands Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Mota, and Gili Dasami in Lombok, Indonesia.

 

Komodo Dragon’s Habitat
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/609/gallery/
GNU Free Documentation License
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU,

 

Komodo Dragon
Author : Nhobgood
under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

The Komodo Dragon is the largest lizard in the world with an average length of 2-3 m and a weight up to 150 KG. The large size is related to enlargement tendency the growing body of certain animals that live on a small island because of the absence of carnivore mamals on the island where komodo live, and decreasing the rate of metabolism smaller dragon. Because of their size these lizards occupy the position of a top predator that dominate the ecosystems in which they live.

 

Komodo Dragons were eating
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Komodo Dragons were found by western researchers in 1910. Their bodies have great and amazing reputation which makes them popular in the zoos. Komodo Dragons in the wild habitat have been shrink by human activities and therefore IUCN inserted Komodo Dragons as a vulnerable species to extinction. The large lizard (komodo) is now protected under Indonesian law and a national park, namely Komodo National Park, established to protect them.

 

World Heritage Komodo
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/609/gallery/
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Having low abilities concerning hearing and vision, Komodo Dragons use the sense of smell as a primary food detector. They have a forked tongue for flavor processing through a special organ in the roof of their mouth, almost in the same way as snakes do. Komodo Dragons have large claws which enable them to climb on trees, additionally they are able to swim. On land they reach a speed up to 20 km/h. As cold blooded reptiles they like to heat up their bodies especially in the morning-time after having been cooled down in the colder nights.

The bites of these animals are very vulnerable because of the bacteria that live in the mouth of these lizards, but the researchers showed that the direct effect that appears at the bite wounds were caused by the entry of medium venom.

Komodo Dragon’s saliva also has a variety of deadly bacteria in it, if a bitten prey is not outright killed and can escape, the unlucky prey generally will die within a week because of the infection. The most deadly bacteria in the saliva of Komodo Dragons is the bacterium Pasteurella multocida which seems highly lethal, it is known through experiments in lab mices. Because the Komodo Dragon seemed immune to its own microbes, much research was done to find antibacterial molecules in the hope it can be used for human treatment.

 

Young Komodo Dragon feeding at a water buffalo corpse on Rinca
Source : http://www.einarsen.no/Indonesia/Flores/Flores.html (own work)
Author : Mats Stafseng Einarsen
Lisensi : Attribution required, Multi-license with GFDL and CC-BY 2.5

 

Komodo Dragons have inspired some of the most terrifying monsters in the history of some Hollywood movies.

The following  video  is  showing  the  whole  environment where Komodo  Dragons live,  also many  other  animals  that  live  on the islands.


Nature’s Perfect Predators- Komodo Dragon (by AnimalPlanetTV)

Interesting video about Komodo Dragons

Rhinos nearly extinct!

According to the Head of Public Relations of the Ministry of Forestry Sumarto, Indonesia has two types of rhinos, the Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) and the Javanese rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus). Both Indonesian rhino-types are categorized as critically endangered because its population has decreased dramatically in the last three decades.

 

Javan Rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus) shown in the London Zoo from march 1874 until january 1885. It was captured in Jakarta.
Source : Zoonooz
Author : T.Dixon. The Zoological Society of London
Public domain

 

A photo of a young but dead Javan Rhinoceros in Ujung Kulon, the hunter is Charles te Mechelen.
Source : Rhino Resource Center
Author : Charles te Mechelen

 

The population of rhinos in Indonesia is nearly extinct. In order to maintain the existence of animals that belong to Indonesia, Javanese and Sumatran rhinos, various efforts were made.
Sumatran rhino-habitats still exist in three national parks on Sumatra Island.
The last Javanese rhino-habitat exist only in Ujung Kulon National Park on Java Island.  Around the world, the species of Javanese Rhino was only in the Ujung Kulon National Park.
Having declared extinction of rhinos in India, following Vietnam in 2011, currently the population of the Javanese rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus) in the world just stay in Ujung Kulon National Park, Banten, West Java, Indonesia.

The increasement of human population, and the difficulty of breeding rhinos make the rhino populations endangered. The number of Javanese rhino (Rhinocheros sondaicus) at Ujung Kulon National Park, Banten, is at least 35 and based on recent monitoring. The rhinos have been counted by using a camera trap technology.

Many problems are faced. The pressure of society, as well as a lack of concern. Community feel existence of the animal was not so important, it may be because of the society education. In fact Javanese rhinos only exist in Ujung Kulon.

 

Ujung Kulon National Park, 2002, by User:Ravn
Under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

 

And also the numbers of distribution locations of Sumatran rhinos are on the wane. The number of Sumatran rhino-habitats only remain in three places, in the South Bukit Barisan National Park, National Parks Way Kambar, and National Park Leuseur. Within a few decades earlier, Sumatran rhinos nearly scattered throughout mainland of Sumatra but at the moment they are no more than 150.

 

Sumatran Rhinoceroses at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Source : Photo Sumatran Rhinos: “Emi” and 14 month old son “Harapan” from Flickr
Author : Charles W. Hardin

 

Bukit Barisan National Park
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU,

 

Gunung Leuser National Park in northern Sumatra, Indonesia.
Source : Jungle Life / Indonesia, Gunung Leuser National Park
Under Licence Creative Commons Atribusi 2.0 Generik
Author : flydime

 

Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis) Rosa in the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary, Way Kambas, Sumatra, Indonesia
Source : flickr: IMG_2227
Author : Willem v Strien
Under Licence Creative Commons Atribusi 2.0 Generik

“In addition to hunting, forest loss is also a major threat to the survival of the remaining Sumatran rhino. Forest conversion uncontrollable causes fragmented forests. As a result, in some cases, the Sumatran rhino population reportedly entered the fields in search of food. In the South Bukit Barisan National Park, Lampung, a major threat to rhino habitat is forest encroachment into coffee plantations and other agricultural crops” explained Adhi Rachmat Hariyadi, Coordinator of the Rhino Conservation Program of WWF-Indonesia.

Besides breeding rhino population has been elusive by human factors, its presence is threatened due to further factors such as attacks from other animals like bisons and tigers.

Rhino preservation can be done in three stages, that is receiving supply of adequate food, water and adequate shelter. Involvement of local people who have lived longer around rhino habitats is capable to build a “fence”-zone which is effective in keeping the rhino population.

 

The obvious disadvantage is that once extinct, the species will not be found again!

 

The beauty of Pura Uluwatu, Bali

Pura Uluwatu is one of the famous temples in Bali. The main attraction for the tourists of this temple is a spectacular panorama which is a blend of both natural and religious attractions. As one of the mainstay tourist on the island of Bali, Uluwatu is located at the southern tip of Bali island and towards the Indian Ocean.

 

Uluwatu Temple Location, Bali, Indonesia

 

Uluwatu Temple Bali
Auteur : Arnaud Gaillard (Arnaud () amarys.com)
Source : Photo de l’auteur

 

The temple stands firmly jutting into the sea on rocks with a height of about 97 meters from the sea surface. In front of the temple there is a small forest called “Alas Kekeran”, which serves as a purity temple buffer. On the waterfront, visitors can see the marine atmosphere that comfort the soul and mind. The temple, located on the rock has become one of the historical attractions because it dates back to 1489 BC, beginning with the arrival of a priest from East Java named Danghyang Dwijendra.

To be able to enter into the temple, visitors must wear a sarong and scarf that can be rented in that place to respect the religious life of the Balinese who are mostly Hindus and have a great respect for the place of their worship.

The best time to visit Uluwatu temple is in the evening, at sunset time, so they can watch the spectacular scenery. In addition visitors can also see one of the cultural attractions that pretty typical in Bali Island, namely the Kecak dance which is quite popular both domestic and abroad. This Balinese dance become one of leading cultural attractions.

 

Kecak Dencer before 1937
Source : Tropenmuseum

 

Kecak Dance in Ubud
Photographer : Saipal

 

Kecak dance being performed at Uluwatu, in Bali
GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)

 

Kecak dance is performed by many of the male dancers, sitting in a circle and with a certain rhythm shouting and raised both their arms. The dancers that are sitting in a circle wear a plaid cloths around their waist. Besides the dancers, there are other dancers who portray the characters of Ramayana like Rama, Shinta, Ravana, Hanuman and Sugriva. Kecak dance songs are taken from the ritual dances sanghyang that is traditional dance. Dancers will be in an trance condition, communicating with God or the spirits of the ancestors and then convey the expectations of the spirits to the society.

Unlike other Balinese dance that uses the gamelan as a musical accompaniment, Kecak dance performances are only the art of combining sounds of the mouth or shouts like “cak cak ke cak cak ke”, so this dance called The Kecak dance. The Kecak dance can be found at several places in Bali, but at Uluwatu is the most interesting to watch, because the show performed at the sunset.

 

 

Next to Pura Uluwatu, there is the famous Uluwatu beach with the cool waves that makes Uluwatu beach become a haven for the Surfer.

Uluwatu beach is suitable to be used by sports fans of surfing and almost every year is held an international surfing competition. This activity also serves to facilitate promotion, especially to foreign tourists and many countries in the world to get to know more about Indonesia that is rich in cultures.

 

 

Around the temple complex there are a bunch of monkeys. The mischievous monkeys are generally prefer to take a wide variety of items carried by the visitors. Goods which often become the target are glasses, purse, wallet or anything that can be easily taken by them.

 

Uluwatu Monkey

 

Uluwatu monkey at the edge of the cliff

 

 

 

Bukit Peninsula - SouthWest, Bali
Bukit Peninsula – SouthWest, Bali
This file was published with the License CC by-sa 3.0 by Burmesedays

Turtle Island, Tanjung Benoa Bali

Turtle Island is on the south part of the beautiful island Bali, small island for turtle breeding area located near Tanjung Benoa, Nusa Dua, both Islands are still connected to each other. There, you can see the turtle up close and play with other animals.

 

Tanjung Benoa with Nusa Dua in the background. Bali, Indonesia
Author : Merbabu
GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)

 

Several places nearby also provide adequate water sports activities such as Jetskiing, Parasailing, Banana Boat, Flying fish and other aquatic tourist that is close to Tanjung Benoa, about 20-30 minutes.

 

The atmosphere in Tanjung Benoa
GNU Free Documentation License (wikipedia)

 

To go to Turtle Island, you must hire a boat from Tanjung Benoa beach provided by the water sports operators. Admission into the Turtle Island is free, usually included the cost of boat transportation.

During the journey to Turtle Island, visitors can see directly the beauty of marine life, fish and beautiful coral reefs, from a specially designed ‘glass bottom’ boat. Inside the boat, is prepared bread to feed the fish. At a certain distance, the boat will stop and you can feed the fish.

 

 Feeding Fish from the boat

 

Arriving at Turtle Island, you can look straight to the pond of the turtle parents, and turtle babies are in the other pool. You will be given an explanation by the a local guide about breeding of turtles and turtles life.

 

Turtle parents

 

You can get into the pool and take pictures with them. Turtle moms have a very large size. You are advised not to make a stress the turtles, such as a lot of movements that can make them shocked and also not allowed to throw trash to the pond.

 

With big turtle

 

Big Turtles in the pond

 

Besides turtles, there are several other animals, such as birds, snakes, monkey, iguanas, bats, and much more. You can take photos directly with the animals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is available a store that sells a variety of souvenirs from Turtle Island.

 

 Location of Turtle Island


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Monkey Forest, One of the beautiful monkeys residence in Ubud Bali

Ubud Monkey Forest (Wanara Wana) is a nature reserve and temple complex in Ubud-Bali. This park is home to approximately 340 monkeys which are known as long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Ubud Monkey Forest is a sacred popular tourist attraction in Ubud and often visited by over 10,000 tourists per month.

Ubud Monkey Forest, Ubud, Indonesia (Wikipedia)
Author : Merbabu

 

Padangtegal Wenara Wana Ubud Monkey Forest Foundation  and the villagers of PadangTegal work together to manage and operate Ubud Monkey Forest, and also to maintain the sanctity of the park and promote the holy site as a tourist destination.

 

Dalem Agung Padangtegal Temple, Monkey Forest, Ubud, Ubud, Gianyar, Bali, Indonesia
GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)

 

The Monkey Forest attractions are located in Pakraman Padangtegal Ubud Village and have a total area of 10 hectares is the focus for the tourist, because this area has many forms of behavior patterns of nature and life with the religious atmosphere. In addition to the forest and see monkeys living directly in the wild, tourists who come there can also see that there are three temples in the jungle Monkey Forest tourism which is known by the worlwide, related with indigenous communities Padangtegal. The reason comes from an emotional connection in which this structure is a paradise where the Pura Desa Adat Padangtegal as a “source of sanctity” of the other temples there, named Pura (Temple) Agung Dalem. 

Pura Dalem Agung is located in the southwest of the local forest. This temple is the main attraction in the hills of Padangtegal and is the most important place in the forest. In this area also exist Prajapati temple, the place where cremation is located in the east and along the parameter funeral are held. With the daily activities of people who live in traditional and religious ways, make the Monkey Forest has an area for tourism as cultural attractions.

In the monkey forest area there is also the Holy Spring Temple. In this Holy Spring temple you can make a wish by throwing a coin into the fish pond. The existence of Monkey Forest attraction development began around 1970. Conditions were much different at this time. At first the forest which full of monkeys did not get much attention. Box of donation is provided for contributing in financing and maintaining area.

The number of tourists that visit who want to see monkeys in the region make Monkey Forest in Bali become very popular. Further development in an effort to preserve the existence of attraction started with the enactment of admission tickets to the visitor and the price is very affordable.

At the entrance visitors can buy bananas to give to hundreds of monkeys in the jungle. Monkeys here are more benign than the monkeys in different places like in Uluwatu and Sangeh, because the guards routinely feed them 3 times a day. Upon entering the Monkey Forest tourism area or the Ubud Monkey Forest, visitors or tourists will be treated to views of lush forests. A river running through the woods adds to the attractions. Most visitors were attracted by the activities from various of monkeys in the forest.

Hundreds of gray monkeys in the forest are divided into five major groups which have territorial and have a different leader. Between one group to another group, monkeys live apart within the limits of their territory. If a monkey passed through to the other monkey boundaries, there will be a fight between groups of monkeys. The seriousness of the traditional village to manage this attraction can be seen from the more professional treatment of the area.

The Monkey Forest in this case not only as a tourist attraction, but  traditional villager are now trying to open the  tourism region to develop the existing village. One way is to establish the Center for Data and Information Padangtegal Indigenous Village.

Monkey Forest in addition to the attraction is also a center for research and conservation. The monkeys are in that place not only as a spectacle, but also as an important component in spiritual and community life which is also used as a research site of research institutions around the world.

From the results of studies that have been carried out, the monkeys are often nomadic. Each group has its own life. Group leader is always followed by the members. Monkeys Bali are mostly females (matrilines) while the male monkeys usually migrate.

 

Me and Ubud Female Monkey

 

 

Eating banana on my back!

 

Families monkeys

 

Monkey around the temple

 

Female monkey with childs in front of the Temple

 

me with the one of monkey boss :))

 

He didnt want to let me go! 😀

 

 

 

 

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Orang Utans have to be rescued!

Orangutans are amazing species of ape. Orangutans only live on the island of Borneo and Sumatra, which is divided into two generic species, Pongo pygmaeus (Orangutan of Borneo) and Pongo abelii (Sumatran Orangutan). 90% of the Orangutan population live in Indonesia, while 10% the rest can be found in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia. In Sumatra, the largest population is found in the Leuser Ecosystem, while the Borneo Orangutans can be found in West Kalimantan (Borneo), Central and East.

 

Orangutan in the German Zoo “Tierpark Hellabrunn” in Munich
Author : Werner Gut , http://www.wernergut.de/

 

Orangutan at Berlin Zoo, Germany.
Author : David Arvidsson
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

Wild Orangutan spotted in Kutai National Park, Borneo, Indonesia.
Author : Neil – WWW.NEILSRTW.BLOGSPOT.COM
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

In Malay language, Orangutan means “man of the forest/woods”  have a very high intelligence, with 97 percent of their DNA that identical to human.

Estimated current populations less than 30,000 individuals spread across two distribution regions (Sumatera and Kalimantan). According to estimates, the number of wild Orang Utans in the the forest of Sumatra contained only about 6500-7500 individuals. And wild Orang Utans in Borneo contained approximately 12000-13000 individuals. This is a reduction of the amount present in the last 10 years (30% – 50% reduction amount). Orang Utans spent more time (about 90 per cent) in the trees in the tropical rain forest, their habitat.

Orangutans even sleep in the nest made from twigs and leaf piles in the tree. They like to use wide leaves like banana leaves as an umbrella to protect themselves from the rain, and more solitary than other apes. When browsing the depth of forest, the male Orangutans making noises and shouting to ensure they are not disturbed by the presence of other Orangutans. Shouts of “long call” can be heard up to 2 kilometers. Scientists say that the individuals Orangutan requires browsing area approximately 150 acres. Shouts of adult male Orangutans absolutely amazing. Long duration of the call for about one minute even four minutes. The voice of Orangutans in Borneo forest is the most loud and scary.

 

The differences between Male and Female Orangutan

In general, male Orangutans have cheek pad on both cheeks and their size two times larger than females. Weight of males could reach 90-110 kg  and 1.2 to 1.5 m long. Male Orangutans are not friendly, they will defend the area which they regard as their residence, they will even fight with other Orangutans if necessary.

Average Orangutans females weight could reach 60 kg and 1 to 1.2 m long. Females give birth usually produce one descendant within 8 years.  8 to 9 years, babies Orangutans sticking to their mother for 2 years they will begin to learn skills from their mothers for survival. They will leave their mother and go with other young Orangutans at age 8 years and at age 15 years, Orangutans will live by their own will.

Orangutans have a long stretch of hand. Adult males can stretch their arms up to 2 meters from fingertips in one hand to the other hand fingertips and even exceed the average of their height. When the Orangutan stood upright their hands will barely touch the ground.

Borneo Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) have the physical characteristics of a larger body, dark or reddish brown, hairs sparse and short and in the baby appears there patches of reddish color or greenish.
Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelli) physical features body look smaller, light-colored or orange and arms longer than legs.

 

Orangutan rehabilitation centre, Buket Lawang ,Sumatra.
Author : Original uploader was Dave59 at en.wikipedia
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Bornean Orangutan
Author : Ltshears
Public Domain

 

These intelligent primates looking for food during the day, with the composition of the menu consists mainly of fruit and forest leaves. They also eat the bark, insects, rarely eat meat and to get a water, they were punching holes in the trunks of trees that are useful to collect rain water and drink it by sipping from his wrist. Orangutans also take the form of mineral food from the soil but in very small quantities.

Because orangutans are scattered in several places and highly dependent on the presence of trees, they are vulnerable to the impacts of logging. Unfortunately, deforestation and other human activities such as hunting, whether it’s to be traded as pets or to eat their meat.
The more sad is when the hunter want to get the babies of Orangutans, they had to kill their mother and if the babies survived falling from a tree  their were taken by the poachers. All those things that are caused the extinction of orangutans

Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS) is currently engaged efforts to acquire lands ex-concession in Borneo to be used as a place to release rehabilitated orangutans back to their habitat. In order to save these species, the preservation of the natural habitat of Orangutans are the thing to do.

In 20 years this decade, according to the IUCN in 1993 approximately 80% of their habitat has been lost or destroyed. And IUCN calculate, if this situation has not changed, or stay like this, then in 10-20 years the Orangutans will be extinct. So that International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN/2004), made the category Critically Endangered / critical for Sumatran Orangutans and the Endangered / threatened species for the Orangutans of Borneo.

Orang Utans can be regarded as an indicator of the quality of forest ecosystem. When life in the treetops can be run properly, will highly affect the ecosystem beneath it. Therefore, it is important to preserve the Orangutans if we are determined to save the Earth from the threat of global warming, a phenomenon closely related to the systematic destruction of forests over the last century.

 

Destruction of Forests, Habitat of Orangutans

In Indonesia there exist several reasons that Forests as the natural habitat of Orangutans and other wild animals are reduced. Just mentioning legal reasons now from humans side the most natural reason is that the Indonesian Population grows and needs more land. Some industries force the deforestation drastically, mostly the need and retrieval of palm-oil is mentioned. Nestle company blamed by Greenpeace because of deforesting large areas to plant palm tree and using palm-oil for making chocolate in large amounts.

An Article of Greenpace about palm-oil you can find here: http://www.greenpeace.org/ … -plan-to-halt-forest-destruction/.

Another usage of palm-oil as a alternative fossil burning also coming from some countries, such as Germany and Austria.

Currently there is a large mining-project planed and to avoid, where a lot of forest shall be taken and many Orang Utans – beside lots of others animals and plants – would be killed.

We appreciate your signing of the petition, further information is shown following the link: Bornean orangutans need our help, pls sign the petition

Before slaughtered, orang utan hugged her child  , although this news in the Indonesian language, you can translate it into the language you want. You should read this news…Online-translation:

In our article about Sumatra-Tigers  you can know more about other companies who deforest the places where endangered animals live, like they never lived or exist there. Heartless!!

 

Habitats of Orang Utans in Borneo and Sumatra
Habitats of Orang Utans in Borneo and Sumatra

Sumatran tigers are nearly extinct!

Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is one of five subspisies tiger (Panthera tigris) in the world that still survive. Including the endangered Sumatran tigers which are also the only sub-species of tigers that still belongs to Indonesia after the two brothers, Bali tiger (Panthera tigris balica) and Java Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) declared extinct.

These animals can only be found on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Population of them that are living in the wild is estimated to 400-500. Sumatran tigers more rare and are categorized as endangered species. There are at least 250 Sumatran tigers that kept in zoos worldwide.

The impact of destruction of forests by APP is not only devastating the environment but also threaten the Sumatran tigers balance. Sumatran forest destruction by APP to supply the pulp and paper industries which also used for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.

 

Sumatra-Tiger in German Zoo in Augsburg
Photographer : Werner Gut (http://www.wernergut.de/)

 

This rare cat could live anywhere, from lowland forests to mountain forest and lived in many places which not protected. Sumatran tigers are the smallest tiger subspecies, have the darkest color among all the other tiger subspecies, the black pattern of them sized width and tightly.

 

Panthera Tigris Sumatrae , German Zoo in  Frankfurt 
Author : From de.wikipedia, originally uploaded by en: User: Wilfred
Photographer / Source: Petra Karstedt

 

Their small size makes it easier to move through the jungle. There is a membrane in between the fingers that make them able to swim fast. Tigers are known to drive hoofed prey into the water, especially if the prey animal is a slow swimmer. This cat patiently stalking their prey before attacking from behind or the side. They eat anything that can be captured, generally boar and deer, and sometimes poultry, fish, and orangutans. They are also able to swim and climb a tree when hunting prey.

Male Sumatran tiger has the average length of 92 inches from the head to tail with a weight of 300 pounds. Females average 78 inches in length and weighs 200 pounds. Sumatran tiger stripes are thinner than other tiger subspecies. This subspecies also had more beard hair and mane than other subspecies, especially the male tiger.

Sumatran tiger can live up to 10-15 years. females generally start breeding at 3-4 years of age. The gestation period lasts between 95-110 days. Females can give birth to six babies, but normally is 2-3 babies. Their fur change color to dark green when giving birth. The babies will stay with their mother until the age of 18-24 months until they are able to be independent in nature.

Sumatran tiger food depending where they live and how abundant prey. Sumatran tigers are generally solitary except during mating season and will be together with female and their children.

 

 

The main threats for Sumatran tigers are habitat destructions and hunting. Deforestation continues even in the national park that should protect them. Recorded 66 tigers were killed between 1998 and 2000.

In the effort to rescue the Sumatran tiger from extinction,  Taman Safari Indonesia (Indonesian Safari Park) is appointed by the 20 zoos in the world as the Sumatran tigers Breeding Center, “studbook keeper” and sperm storage (Genome Bank Rescue) for Sumatran tigers. An expert from the Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG), Kathy Traylor-Holzer said that the genetic purity of Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) are highest in the conservation agencies of Taman Safari Indonesia which is located in West Java.  That statement presented at the “Global Species Management System” (GSMS) for Sumatran tigers, which was held at the Royal Safari Garden Hotel.

Experts from Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG) said that from more or less 100 zoos in Japan, only four zoos that have Sumatran tigers and the number are only seven left.

While in the European region there are 104 Sumatran tigers, in the North American Region there are 69, Australia 51 and in Indonesia zoos there are 96. According to Kathy Traylor-Holzer, Sumatran tigers at Taman Safari Indonesia has the highest genetic purity which reached 93.3 percent.

 

Sumatran Tiger at Melbourne Zoo
Author : Merbabu
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Outside of Indonesia, she said that the genetic purity to the highest Sumatran tigers held by the North American region that is equal to 89.8 percent, then Europe with 86.9 percent, Australia 86.2 percent and Japan with 77.8 percent. She also said that the genetic purity is necessary to protect the existence of Sumatran tigers at the zoo.

Drs. Manansang Jansen, MSc, President SEAZA (Association of Zoos South-East Asia) also said that genetic purity of the Sumatran tigers that achieved by Taman Safari Indonesia  is possible, because they manage the population of Sumatran tigers strictly.

Taman Safari Indonesia will be pleased to assist purification genetic of Sumatra tigers in zoos around the world, but the tiger which will be sent, must fulfill license that set by the laws of Indonesia. Beside that, the Sumatran tigers that would be sent, have to be from the breeding, not from wildlife.

 

Tiger park safari Indonesia (Taman Safari Indonesia)
Public domain

 

 

 

Sumatra Island, and some location of the Sumatran tigers


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The following text was translated from the Indonesian source: http://www.greenpeace.or.id/, naskah diterbitkan pada 26 Juli, 2011

The Tiger driven out from their home

In early July, a year ago, there was a sad news. Sumatran tiger “The King of the jungle” died in a tragic way. This incident documented by Greenpeace when The Tiger was trying to be saved by a team of Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA) Riau-Sumatra. The tiger died in his own territory, which later the place changed into Acacia plantations, owned by APP, Pulp and paper giant company that continues to destroy Indonesia’s forests.

This sad video showing the price that have to be paid by wildlife for their home that missing.

The Sumatran tiger was found already trapped for 7 days. Forest officials arrived to give him a sedative, tried to save and evacuate him, but the Sumatran tigers could not be saved.

The impact of destruction forests by APP is not only devastated but also threaten climate balance of Sumatran tiger. Destruction forest by APP is to supply the pulp and paper for some industries which also used them for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.

Our video evidence is increasingly clear that APP did not care about the environment and even destroyed it, the evidence is also increasingly clear that a variety of “sustainable label” that carried by APP highly should be doubted, the credibility of forest certification organization such as the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) is also questionable. PEFC certify ‘sustainable’ to paper products throughout the world, but by many parties repeatedly criticized for their relationship with APP. Extremely surprising, products that contain natural forest timber, which is taken from the dead tiger habitat can be certified by PEFC.

PT Arara Abadi – tigertrapped
Location of tiger habitat clearing by APP. located within the concession13 km, Sumatra, tiger caught in animal traps. © Melvinas Priananda / Greenpeace

Last month Greenpeace used forensic tests to reveal the manufacture of toys, like Barbie and Transformer produced by Hasbro, Mattel and Disney which use packaging from deforestation in Indonesia. This study also used the guide field investigations, mapping data, which reveal newest evidence of destruction natural forests and peat on the island of Sumatra by APP.

Write and send a letter to Mattel to stop forest destruction in Indonesia!

Give education to the future generations not to destroy the future of Indonesia’s forests.
Greenpeace campaigns for protecting forests in Indonesia. Including habitat of endangered tigers.


We please you to sign a petition by Greenpeace on this page: www.greenpeace.org/canada/tigers/
to support the Indonesian Sumatra-Tigers!

Paradise Birds from Eastern of Indonesia

Birds of Paradise that are typical of Papuan birds, Indonesian peoples call them by the name Cenderawasih, especially males, they have a beautiful hair like an angel coming down from heaven with a very beautiful fur.
Birds of Paradise are collection of bird species that are grouped in families Paradisaeidae derived from the word Paradise.

Birds that found only in eastern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and eastern Australia consists of 14 genus and about 43 species, 30 species of them can be found in Indonesia, 28 species of them living on the island of Papua. Indonesia is a country with the largest numbers of the Cenderawasih species.

The Birds of Paradise have a beautiful fur characteristics possessed by the male birds. Generally light-colored fur with a combination of several colors like black, brown, red, orange, yellow, white, blue, green and purple and the size of the birds are various.

 

Bird of Paradise

 

Bird of Paradise

The beauty of fur from male used to attract the opposite sex. To attract the attention of females that are willing are invited mating, the male bird will show off fur to make beautiful dances. While singing on the branches, swaying with different movements in different directions.
Sometimes even up hanging upside down rely on branches. However, each species of Cenderawasih would have their own dances.

Populations of birds of Cenderawasih in Papua are endangered. The road project workers and employers in the area of forest often hunted birds for sale, either because of low salaries or for other reasons they often slept in the woods to catch the birds. The price a dead bird of Cenderawasih can be up to millions of rupiah in foreign countries, much higher for those which are still alive.
There are 11 types of Cenderawasih that are still roam in 13 districts in Papua, but has not been recorded. One time the population of Cenderawasih in Papua would be extinct. The reason is, there is no proper maintenance and care, while the forests in Papua from year to year continues to be cleared (deforestation).

Bird of paradise (from Wikipedia) in Indonesia

 

Lesser Bird of paradise

Lesser Bird of Paradise by Roderick Eime.
en:Image:BOP 0004-i.jpg by en:User:Rodeime
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Brown Sicklebill ( Epimachus meyeri )

Epimachus meyeri Papua New Guinea male
Creator markaharper1, for Wikipedia
The Creative CommonsAttribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.

 

Ribbon-tailed Astrapia

Ribbon-tailed Astrapia (Astrapia mayeri) juvenile (male)
Author : pomfoto
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic

 

Ribbon-tailed Astrapia mayeri with long tail, Papua New Guinea
Creator : markaharper1 for Wikipedia
Licensed under the Creative CommonsAttribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic

 

King Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Raja)

King Bird of paradise (Cicinnurus regius)
Creator Doug Janson
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Red Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Merah)

Red Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea rubra)
License GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)

 

Female Red Bird of Paradise
Creator : Doug Janson
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Paradisaea rubra
GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)

 

 Raggiana Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Raggiana)

Raggiana_Bird of Paradise
Author : markaharper1
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic

 

Raggiana Adult Male Bird of Paradise
Author : Photo by Brian McNab
This file is the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 General

 

 Greater Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Kuning-besar)

Greater Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea apoda)
Author : Andrea Lawardi
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

Greater Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea apoda). Male at Bali Bird Park.
Author : Andrea Lawardi
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

Twelve-wired Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Mati-Kawat)

Twelve-wired Bird of Paradise (Seleucidis melanoleuca)
GNU Free Documentation License. (Wikipedia)

 

Paradise-crow (Cenderawasih Gagak)

Paradise-crow
Author : Richard Bowdler Sharpe for Wikipedia

 

Superb Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Kerah)

A male Superb Bird of Paradise in Papua New Guinea.
Author : markaharper1
Creative Commons Deroadenn-Kentanna 2,0 Hollek

 

Superb Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Kerah)

A male King of Saxony Bird of Paradise in Papua New Guinea.
Author : markaharper1
licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.

 

Wilson’s Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Botak)

Wilson’s Bird of Paradise
Author : Serhanoksay
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Blue Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Biru)

Blue Bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea rudolphi)
Author : Richard Bowdler Sharpe

 

The most famous birds of paradise, are the member of the genus Paradisaea, including species of large yellow of paradise, Paradisaea apoda. This species is described from specimens were taken to Europe from trading expeditions. The specimen was prepared by native traders by removing the wings and legs in order to be decorated. It is not known by the explorers and lead to the belief that these birds never landed but remain in the air because of feathers. This is the origin of the name bird of paradiseand apoda name which means no legs.

Birds of paradise without legs
Author : John Johnston
Wikipedia

 

Communities in Papua often wear fur Bird of Paradise (Cenderawasih), in their dress and customs, and a few centuries ago, fur were important for making women’s hats in Europe. Hunting fur and habitat destruction causes a decrease in the number of Cenderawasih in a few species, endangered their species, also their habitats. Deforestation is still a major threat.

 

Paradisaea apoda (Cenderawasih Kuning-besar)
This image was copied from wikipedia: en. The original description was:
Birds Paradise ff (Greater Bird of Paradise, Wilson’s Bird of Paradise)
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

 


Lihat Peta Lebih Besar

In both videos the music is played by gamelan-orchestras which is typical for Java.