Ngarai Sianok is a beautiful canyon, green and lush. On the bottom of the valley flowed tributary that meander tracing the cracks of the cliff, with the background of Mount Merapi and Mount Singgalang.
Ngarai has a meaning valley, and Sianok is the name of a village in the area. Located is not far from Jam Gadang near the center of Bukit Tinggi, West Sumatra (Sumatra Island) Indonesia. It can be reached by public transportation.
This gap of about 100 m which stretches along 15 km with a width of approximately 200 m and is part of the fracture that separates the island of Sumatra in half lengthwise.
The Fault formed the steep wall, even perpendicular and formed green valley. The result of the down movement of skin of the earth (sinklinal) which flowed by Sianok Trunk (trunk means river, the Minangkabau language) that the water is clear.
Ngarai Sianok is a steep valley (ravine) and become one of the main attractions of the province.
We can see a perfect view of the Ngarai Sianok from Panorama Park, which is located inside the town of Bukittinggi. In this park there is also a famous Japanese hole. The garden is very beautiful and spacious, cool weather was a typical Bukittinggi will make an amazing atmosphere
From there, we can see a perfect landscape. This valley has a cliffs covered by the green forests. The extent up to tens of kilometers.
This valley is also very charming. On the left side there is a barren cliffs and forests and small streams. On the right, there are rice fields, roads, and houses. At the top there is a mountain which is shrouded by mist.
In addition, there is also a herd of monkeys around the park. No need to be afraid because the monkey is pretty benign on the visitors. Others fauna that can still be found are : long-tailed monkeys, gibbons, hoop, deer, wild boar, leopard, and tapir.
Video of ” Ngarai Sianok” with the local traditional music background
Another Video of Beautiful “Ngarai Sianok”
Location of Ngarai Sianok, Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia
Pura Uluwatu is one of the famous temples in Bali. The main attraction for the tourists of this temple is a spectacular panorama which is a blend of both natural and religious attractions. As one of the mainstay tourist on the island of Bali, Uluwatu is located at the southern tip of Bali island and towards the Indian Ocean.
The temple stands firmly jutting into the sea on rocks with a height of about 97 meters from the sea surface. In front of the temple there is a small forest called “Alas Kekeran”, which serves as a purity temple buffer. On the waterfront, visitors can see the marine atmosphere that comfort the soul and mind. The temple, located on the rock has become one of the historical attractions because it dates back to 1489 BC, beginning with the arrival of a priest from East Java named Danghyang Dwijendra.
To be able to enter into the temple, visitors must wear a sarong and scarf that can be rented in that place to respect the religious life of the Balinese who are mostly Hindus and have a great respect for the place of their worship.
The best time to visit Uluwatu temple is in the evening, at sunset time, so they can watch the spectacular scenery. In addition visitors can also see one of the cultural attractions that pretty typical in Bali Island, namely the Kecak dance which is quite popular both domestic and abroad. This Balinese dance become one of leading cultural attractions.
Kecak dance is performed by many of the male dancers, sitting in a circle and with a certain rhythm shouting and raised both their arms. The dancers that are sitting in a circle wear a plaid cloths around their waist. Besides the dancers, there are other dancers who portray the characters of Ramayana like Rama, Shinta, Ravana, Hanuman and Sugriva. Kecak dance songs are taken from the ritual dances sanghyang that is traditional dance. Dancers will be in an trance condition, communicating with God or the spirits of the ancestors and then convey the expectations of the spirits to the society.
Unlike other Balinese dance that uses the gamelan as a musical accompaniment, Kecak dance performances are only the art of combining sounds of the mouth or shouts like “cak cak ke cak cak ke”, so this dance called The Kecak dance. The Kecak dance can be found at several places in Bali, but at Uluwatu is the most interesting to watch, because the show performed at the sunset.
Next to Pura Uluwatu, there is the famous Uluwatu beach with the cool waves that makes Uluwatu beach become a haven for the Surfer.
Uluwatu beach is suitable to be used by sports fans of surfing and almost every year is held an international surfing competition. This activity also serves to facilitate promotion, especially to foreign tourists and many countries in the world to get to know more about Indonesia that is rich in cultures.
Around the temple complex there are a bunch of monkeys. The mischievous monkeys are generally prefer to take a wide variety of items carried by the visitors. Goods which often become the target are glasses, purse, wallet or anything that can be easily taken by them.
Ubud Monkey Forest (Wanara Wana)is a nature reserve and temple complex in Ubud-Bali. This park is home to approximately 340 monkeys which are known as long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Ubud Monkey Forest is a sacred popular tourist attraction in Ubud and often visited by over 10,000 tourists per month.
Padangtegal Wenara Wana Ubud Monkey Forest Foundation and the villagers of PadangTegal work together to manage and operate Ubud Monkey Forest, and also to maintain the sanctity of the park and promote the holy site as a tourist destination.
The Monkey Forest attractions are located in Pakraman Padangtegal Ubud Village and have a total area of 10 hectares is the focus for the tourist, because this area has many forms of behavior patterns of nature and life with the religious atmosphere. In addition to the forest and see monkeys living directly in the wild, tourists who come there can also see that there are three temples in the jungle Monkey Forest tourism which is known by the worlwide, related with indigenous communities Padangtegal. The reason comes from an emotional connection in which this structure is a paradise where the Pura Desa Adat Padangtegal as a “source of sanctity” of the other temples there, named Pura (Temple) Agung Dalem.
Pura Dalem Agung is located in the southwest of the local forest. This temple is the main attraction in the hills of Padangtegal and is the most important place in the forest. In this area also exist Prajapati temple, the place where cremation is located in the east and along the parameter funeral are held. With the daily activities of people who live in traditional and religious ways, make the Monkey Forest has an area for tourism as cultural attractions.
In the monkey forest area there is also the Holy Spring Temple. In this Holy Spring temple you can make a wish by throwing a coin into the fish pond. The existence of Monkey Forest attraction development began around 1970. Conditions were much different at this time. At first the forest which full of monkeys did not get much attention. Box of donation is provided for contributing in financing and maintaining area.
The number of tourists that visit who want to see monkeys in the region make Monkey Forest in Bali become very popular. Further development in an effort to preserve the existence of attraction started with the enactment of admission tickets to the visitor and the price is very affordable.
At the entrance visitors can buy bananas to give to hundreds of monkeys in the jungle. Monkeys here are more benign than the monkeys in different places like in Uluwatu and Sangeh, because the guards routinely feed them 3 times a day. Upon entering the Monkey Forest tourism area or the Ubud Monkey Forest, visitors or tourists will be treated to views of lush forests. A river running through the woods adds to the attractions. Most visitors were attracted by the activities from various of monkeys in the forest.
Hundreds of gray monkeys in the forest are divided into five major groups which have territorial and have a different leader. Between one group to another group, monkeys live apart within the limits of their territory. If a monkey passed through to the other monkey boundaries, there will be a fight between groups of monkeys. The seriousness of the traditional village to manage this attraction can be seen from the more professional treatment of the area.
The Monkey Forest in this case not only as a tourist attraction, but traditional villager are now trying to open the tourism region to develop the existing village. One way is to establish the Center for Data and Information Padangtegal Indigenous Village.
Monkey Forest in addition to the attraction is also a center for research and conservation. The monkeys are in that place not only as a spectacle, but also as an important component in spiritual and community life which is also used as a research site of research institutions around the world.
From the results of studies that have been carried out, the monkeys are often nomadic. Each group has its own life. Group leader is always followed by the members. Monkeys Bali are mostly females (matrilines) while the male monkeys usually migrate.
Orangutans are amazing species of ape. Orangutans only live on the island of Borneo and Sumatra, which is divided into two generic species, Pongo pygmaeus (Orangutan of Borneo) and Pongo abelii (Sumatran Orangutan). 90% of the Orangutan population live in Indonesia, while 10% the rest can be found in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia. In Sumatra, the largest population is found in the Leuser Ecosystem, while the Borneo Orangutans can be found in West Kalimantan (Borneo), Central and East.
In Malay language, Orangutan means “man of the forest/woods” have a very high intelligence, with 97 percent of their DNA that identical to human.
Estimated current populations less than 30,000 individuals spread across two distribution regions (Sumatera and Kalimantan). According to estimates, the number of wild Orang Utans in the the forest of Sumatra contained only about 6500-7500 individuals. And wild Orang Utans in Borneo contained approximately 12000-13000 individuals. This is a reduction of the amount present in the last 10 years (30% – 50% reduction amount). Orang Utans spent more time (about 90 per cent) in the trees in the tropical rain forest, their habitat.
Orangutans even sleep in the nest made from twigs and leaf piles in the tree. They like to use wide leaves like banana leaves as an umbrella to protect themselves from the rain, and more solitary than other apes. When browsing the depth of forest, the male Orangutans making noises and shouting to ensure they are not disturbed by the presence of other Orangutans. Shouts of “long call” can be heard up to 2 kilometers. Scientists say that the individuals Orangutan requires browsing area approximately 150 acres. Shouts of adult male Orangutans absolutely amazing. Long duration of the call for about one minute even four minutes. The voice of Orangutans in Borneo forest is the most loud and scary.
The differences between Male and Female Orangutan
In general, male Orangutans have cheek pad on both cheeks and their size two times larger than females. Weight of males could reach 90-110 kg and 1.2 to 1.5 m long. Male Orangutans are not friendly, they will defend the area which they regard as their residence, they will even fight with other Orangutans if necessary.
Average Orangutans females weight could reach 60 kg and 1 to 1.2 m long. Females give birth usually produce one descendant within 8 years. 8 to 9 years, babies Orangutans sticking to their mother for 2 years they will begin to learn skills from their mothers for survival. They will leave their mother and go with other young Orangutans at age 8 years and at age 15 years, Orangutans will live by their own will.
Orangutans have a long stretch of hand. Adult males can stretch their arms up to 2 meters from fingertips in one hand to the other hand fingertips and even exceed the average of their height. When the Orangutan stood upright their hands will barely touch the ground.
Borneo Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) have the physical characteristics of a larger body, dark or reddish brown, hairs sparse and short and in the baby appears there patches of reddish color or greenish.
Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelli) physical features body look smaller, light-colored or orange and arms longer than legs.
These intelligent primates looking for food during the day, with the composition of the menu consists mainly of fruit and forest leaves. They also eat the bark, insects, rarely eat meat and to get a water, they were punching holes in the trunks of trees that are useful to collect rain water and drink it by sipping from his wrist. Orangutans also take the form of mineral food from the soil but in very small quantities.
Because orangutans are scattered in several places and highly dependent on the presence of trees, they are vulnerable to the impacts of logging. Unfortunately, deforestation and other human activities such as hunting, whether it’s to be traded as pets or to eat their meat.
The more sad is when the hunter want to get the babies of Orangutans, they had to kill their mother and if the babies survived falling from a tree their were taken by the poachers. All those things that are caused the extinction of orangutans
Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS) is currently engaged efforts to acquire lands ex-concession in Borneo to be used as a place to release rehabilitated orangutans back to their habitat. In order to save these species, the preservation of the natural habitat of Orangutans are the thing to do.
In 20 years this decade, according to the IUCN in 1993 approximately 80% of their habitat has been lost or destroyed. And IUCN calculate, if this situation has not changed, or stay like this, then in 10-20 years the Orangutans will be extinct. So that International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN/2004), made the category Critically Endangered / critical for Sumatran Orangutans and the Endangered / threatened species for the Orangutans of Borneo.
Orang Utans can be regarded as an indicator of the quality of forest ecosystem. When life in the treetops can be run properly, will highly affect the ecosystem beneath it. Therefore, it is important to preserve the Orangutans if we are determined to save the Earth from the threat of global warming, a phenomenon closely related to the systematic destruction of forests over the last century.
Destruction of Forests, Habitat of Orangutans
In Indonesia there exist several reasons that Forests as the natural habitat of Orangutans and other wild animals are reduced. Just mentioning legal reasons now from humans side the most natural reason is that the Indonesian Population grows and needs more land. Some industries force the deforestation drastically, mostly the need and retrieval of palm-oil is mentioned. Nestle company blamed by Greenpeace because of deforesting large areas to plant palm tree and using palm-oil for making chocolate in large amounts.
Our trip from Banjarmasin in South Borneo to the Rain Forest in the Central Borneo needed about 5 hours. We’re through The Barito river bridge, one of the major rivers in Borneo. Water from the Barito River down from the highlands of Mount Meratus, and is an important highway of the river between the coast and the mainland of South Borneo. Barito River is the longest river in Southern Borneo, 600 miles in length and water of Barito River is muddy, because it carries mud and trash from inland
At Barito River Bridge
At the gates to the boat for a trip to the rainforest, place of the Dayak & Orang Utan
In Indonesia we made a boat trip to see Villages of civilized Dajak, Orang Utans and a part of the indonesian forest.
For adventure in this place to see orang utan, Dayak tribe and rain forest, we had to rent a boat, with variety prices according to the size and type of boat. Price was expensive when we rented it, because we chose more private. From the boat across the river we could see the mangrove swamps, lowland rain forest, dense forest and of also a few of orangutan.
Scenery in the Rain forest
When It was raining
On the ship along the way of rain forest
Kahayan River at Indonesia Borneo Island has a wealth of ecological and cultural treasures that survive deep within the rainvforest jungle. This area is isolated, but tourists can adventure along the river. You could find the Dayak people, but some of them are undergoing modernization.
Orangutans cover their heads with paper around them when it rained
Two orangutans in the trees that we can only see from far away, the guards did not allow our ships, to get closer, because at the time other than the river water was receding and could cause the shipwreck, also to avoid them jump into the boat. That would be dangerous, because we can never predict what will happen.
This bridge is in Palangkaraya and we saw it when we started the boat trip a bit in the south of the bridge. Larger Mapview. This map shows the landing place of the boat as well as the bridge. The boat took the way under the bridge to the northern part of the river.
Still from the rest of the way of a floating market, Right in the middle of the river Barito, there is a land called and known by the name, Pulau Kembang (Flower Island)
According to the story of the island that is Barito river delta, the Island is called Flower Island because of the island that just a form of land, was growing more and more covered with plants. The island is covered with plants typical of Borneo, and is currently populated by many species of monkeys including the long-tailed monkey. Among them of course there is the king of monkeys, which have a larger body. In this place also has a place for worship of the ethnic Chinese, where there is a shrine with a statue replica of the white monkey/Hanuman.
Before coming to this island, It’s better to keep our small items in the bag, such as glasses, hats, watches, cameras, if not it will be taken by the monkeys and better prepare snacks to be given to the monkeys. Small foods such as peanuts and bananas we could buy there too, which is sold by the local people, which use the chance to make a living. The monkeys on this island is very aggressive, because they are starving …. Very sad!
Borneo (Kalimantan) is one of the major islands in the world that is located in southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the larger Sunda group of Malays. The island is bounded by the South China Sea (northwest) and, Sulu Sea, Sulawesi Makassar Strait and the Java Sea. Largest political segment of the island is Indonesian (until 1949 the Netherlands). In 1963 joined the federation of Malaysia and among them the Islamic Sultanate (empire) of Brunei. The Population of the island in 1990 were estimated at 12.305 million, which had 8.911 million Kalimantan, Sabah, Sarawak 3.135 million, and Brunei 259.000.
Borneo is mountainous and largely covered by rain forest. Mount Kinabalu, in the far northeast, extending southwest of the island to the Crocker Range, Nieuwenhuis and Muller mountains. Most of Borneo, supplied by the river navigable, often survive only with the trade. Equatorial climate is hot and humid with a fairly distinct division into two seasons, the rainy season between October and March and a relatively dry and cool in the summer for rest of the year.
The average rainfall is about 150 inches (3800 mm) a year. Both the flowers and fauna of Borneo population very varied. They include Rafflesia (the largest flower in the world), orangutan and gibbon, leopard, elephant, rhinoceros, and many insects. Kinabalu and Gunung Mulu National Parks are conservation areas where protected species of animals, are nurtured back to a healthy population.
In the districts of Sarawak, Kalimantan and Sabah, tourists can visit Orangutan Rehabilitation Centers where many of the animals that have been orphaned or rescued in some way, are prepared for release back into the Borneo rainforest. Many of Borneo’s wildlife sanctuaries run volunteer projects lasting from 2 weeks to 3-6 months, were volunteers can be directly involved in preserving these precious animals. The island is not only inhabited by Malay standards but by variable population. This includes Dayak, Dayak people on Wikipedia (These people were the ancestors to Borneo’s diverse peoples that are today known collectively as Dayaks, and developed in their each environment), Malay Muslims, Chinese and small part of Europe.
At the foot of the tree in the front you see an Orang Utan. He holds some cover above his body because it started to rain just when we’ve been there. Another Orang Utan with cover is in the trees.
We saw the place only from a boat on the water and never visited the land at this place.