Bedugul is a tourist attraction that is no less interesting with other places in Bali. Located in the hills with a very cool weather, in the village of Yellow Temple, Baturit subdistrict, Tabanan district, approximately 45 km away from the center of the district (Tabanan), and the distance 50 km from Denpasar town to the northern region, following the temple area highway to go to the place which is located on the edge of Bratan/Beratan lake, the second largest lake in Bali. Boats are also rented for the visitors who want to enjoy the beauty of the lake.
As well as the other tourist attractions in Bali there are also some Hindus temples as a venue for religious events in this location. The famous temple in this place is “Ulun Danu (Ulun Lake) Temple” or is also named as a “Ulun Danu Bratan” temple.
The temple is characterized by the existence of several levels (11 levels) on the top of temple. The form of the temple can be described as a tower building , where the lowest level has the largest size. Each level has a special function for worship, level 11 for Vishnu, level 7 for Brahma and level 3 for Shiva (Hindus God).
Ulun Danu Bratan consist of 4 complex of the temples, that are: “Linga Petak” temple, “Pucak Penataran Mangu” temple, Terate Bang temple, and “Dalem Purwa” temple, which all functioning as a place of worship to The God in their manifestation as a Tri Murti (Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu) in order to invoke the grace of fertility, prosperity, human well-being and sustainability of the universe. The Hindus who is came there also for praying to “Danu Goddess”, the Goddess of water, to ask for fertility. Ulun Danu Bratan is known as a center of Balinese irrigation.
In the front left yard of Ulun Danu Bratan, there are sarcophagus and stone board that are came from megalithic era around 500 BC. At this moment both artifacts are placed on the top of Babaturan or terrace which is estimated as the location of Ulun Danu Temple and had been used as a place of ritual activities since the time of the ancient megalithic. Religious ritual ceremony still continues to this day.
Ceremony of Hinduism religion (Bali Customs) at Ulun Danu Bratan Bedugul Bali
Prambanan is the largest Hindus temple in Southeast Asia. Its location which is not far from the temple of Borobudur as if to show about the harmony between the Buddhists and Hindus in Java, not just in the past but also today. Administratively, this temple is located on the border of Central Java and Yogyakarta, 17 kilometers from the center of Yogyakarta, in the middle area that is now built a beautiful park.
The temple that by the local community is known by the name Roro Jonggrang, has a legend. Long ago there was a powerful and magical young man who wanted to marry a beautiful princess named Roro Jonggrang. The king who also the father of the Princess had forced her to marry “Bandung Bondowoso”. He is the prince of the neighboring kingdom. Roro Jonggrang did not love him but could not reject it anyway. After a long consideration, she finally gave one condition to Bandung Bondowoso to build 1000 temples and promised to marry him if her requirements could be resolved before dawn.
Roro Jonggrang requested that the work had to be completed before the rooster crowed that she thought it was impossible. But the magical Bandung Bondowoso nearly could complete the 999 temples with the help of Jinnand his strength.
Roro Jonggrang asked the women in the village to start hitting the rice, to make the chickens woke up and began to crow. Bondowoso was very disappointed with her behavior, then changed her into a stone which is now known as Prambanan Temple, while the nearby temple called Sewu Temple or a thousand temples.
Prambanan temple was built in the 9th century, dedicated to the God Shiva (the destroyer), and two at each side dedicated to the God Brahma (the creator) and God Vishnu (the keepers). The highest temple is 47 meters 5 meters higher than Borobudur temple and also among other temples in the vicinity. The foundation of this temple has fulfilled the desire to show Hindu triumph in the island of Java.
Prambanan also has temple reliefs, which contains the story of Ramayana. According to experts, the relief is similar to the Ramayana story revealed through oral tradition. Another interesting relief is Kalpataru tree that the Hindu religion is considered as a tree of life, sustainability and environmental compatibility. At Prambanan, reliefs of Kalpataru trees depicted flanking the lion. The existence of this tree makes experts consider that the ninth century had wisdom to manage their environment.
Prambanan was rediscovered by a Dutch citizen named CA Lons in 1733 after hundred years neglected. This temple has been renovated and is now known as the most beautiful Hindus temple in Indonesia.
The beauty and complexity of the architecture Prambanan as a very beautiful building has been named as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1991.
Ramayana – Performing Arts at Prambanan Temple
Ramayana ballet is a dance drama, which tells the story of Ramayana, especially about Rama who is a legendary Hindus king and also can be said as the incarnation of God. This drama tells the story of Rama’s bravery.This famous drama, held at Prambanan Temple courtyard area in the form of dance. Ramayana ballet drama at Prambanan are usually held on the period of full moon to be enjoyed by visitors on various dates in that period of approximately six months. The dancers demonstrate their dancing skills to the audience in the beautiful traditional outfit.
Ramayana Dance drama at Prambanan temple is different from the original story in India, it reflects the result of adaptation with Java culture for years and it is one of the best dance performance in Indonesian.
In this show not only the music and dance are carefully prepared, lighting has also been prepared in detail. This provides more value, because the light is not a torch light only, but much light from the lamp are designed to describe the events and moods of the characters.
Prambanan Ramayana Ballet won the international award “PATA Gold Award 2012” beat 180 contestants from 79 countries in category “Heritage and Culture”, which is obtained at the annual conference of Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 21 April 2012.
Archaeological sites in the district of Gunung Padang (Mount Padang) Cianjur Regency not everyone knows. In fact, these megalithic sites, with an area of 3 ha, claimed to be the largest megalithic sites in Southeast Asia. Certainly very unfortunate if we did not know it. Cianjur Regency want to make this site as a flagship tourist destination as well as education.
To reach the site, only jeeps and similar vehicles and motorcycles which can continue up to the location of the site. Gunung Padang sites located on top of a the hill, to reach from the base must climb a steep staircase, 95 meters high, made from andesite rocks pillars which laid nearly 400 stairs.
The view over the entire hill and building of megalithic sites is amazing. In the yard of megalithic sites, the visitors will listen to the explanations from tourists guide about this site from a variety of scientific approaches, also look at of thousands andesite stones which formed the pillars, four-or five-sided arranged in such a way as to various functions.
This site estimated as an ancient cemetery. The existence of this site then reported back to the local government cultural overseers by local residents. Since then, the site has been examined in considerable depth while still leaves a variety of archaeological controversy. Archaeologists agree that the site is not a cemetery as stated by Krom (1914), that just mentioned that the site was estimated as an ancient tomb, but a place of worship.
Gunung Padang is the site located in an area geologically that have a quite active earthquake, not far from section Cimandiri, which stretches from the Gulf Pelabuhan Ratu, up to about Padalarang (districts in West Bandung regency, West Java province). If there is activation from the geological forces around the Gulf of Pelabuhan Ratu, South of West Java, then it often becomes a mediator of shocking quake.
Some of the toppled and broken menhir in area of the site and is projected to cause earthquakes. In relation to worship, this site can be built for that purpose, so that people are protected from earthquake or volcanic sources that are not far from Mount Padang. Mount Gede occupied a very strong geomantic position for the Site of Mount Padang. Mount Padang site was built to be oriented entirely to Mount Gede.