Category Archives: About Sumatra

“Gadang House”, The traditional house of Minang (Minangkabau) in Sumatera Island

Rumah gadang (Gadang House) is a traditional house that is the result of Minangkabau ethnic cultures who live in Bukit Barisan, along the western coast of central Sumatra island. Just as the house in the equatorial regions, rumah gadang generally built on pilings (the stage) has cavity at the bottom which is high enough so can provide fresh air especially in the summer.


Bukit Barisan
Bukit Barisan


In addition, Gadang house built lined up according to the direction of the wind from the north to the south in order to be free from the sun and wind.
Roof that is tapered is a typical architecture that distinguishes it from other tribes building in equatorial latitudes that.


Gadang Palace Freddy's doc.
Gadang Palace
Freddy’s doc.


Gadang houses have characteristic which are very distinctive. Essentially a form is quadrangle of beams that expands upward. Sharp lines and gentle curved sectional with lower middle part. Curved roofs are very sharp like buffalo horns, while the form of the house curved and  ramps like the ship hull. Roofs made from palm fiber.


Gadang roof Freddy's doc.
Gadang roof
Freddy’s doc.


If it is seen in terms of its function, Gadang houses show the adjustment to the tropical nature. Useful roof taper to release sediment on fibers that are layered, so that rain water will glide quickly on its roof.

Gadang highly exalted even considered sacred. As the venerable and considered sacred every person who come into gadang house would wash his feet first down the stairs. There is provided a wide flat rock, called “Batu Telapakan” which is also a place of water from rock called “Cibuk Meriau” and a bucket of water from the wood named “Taring Berpanto”.

Minangkabau society harmonize life in a natural, harmonious and dynamic, so that their life embraced dialectical theory which they call “bakarano bakajadian” (causal and effect), conflict and balance. Their work which menumental like rumah gadang also contains that philosophy.


About West Sumatera

Location of  Bukit Barisan in Sumatera Island

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More information about this house can be seen at Rumah Gadang (Wikipedia)

Saman Dance, one of the world cultural heritage from Indonesia

Saman dance is the dance from Gayo (Gayonese) Aceh, northern Sumatra island. Named Saman dance because it was created by a clerics named Sheikh Saman in XIV century AD from the highlands of Gayo. Saman dance is reflection of education, religion, manners, heroism, teamwork and togetherness.


Saman dance, from Aceh Source : id:Tari Saman Author : Fajriboy GNU Free Documentation License.
Saman dance, from Aceh
Source : id:Tari Saman
Author : Fajriboy
GNU Free Documentation License.


Saman dance uses two basic element movements, which are the applauses and a pat on the chest. In  Saman dance, after sometime the rhythm and movements  become faster and makes the Saman Dance more interesting.

Traditional clothing for Saman dance are shirt and trouser, hat-shaped rolls, and a scabbard (sarong) and they are colorful. Clothes have to slightly loose in order to dance freely.
And there is still sarong worn below the belly with variety kinds of belts.

Saman dance is not only popular in Indonesia but also overseas and  it is often played in foreign countries.

On November 24, 2011 UNESCO officially recognized Aceh’s traditional Saman Dance as an intangible element of world cultural heritage, which needs UNESCO’s urgent protection

The ASEAN Tourism Association (ASEANTA) named on Saman Dance as the best ASEAN cultural preservation effort at the 25th ASEANTA Awards for Excellence 2012 (Wikipedia).


Saman Dance – Gayonese Traditional Dance – Sumatra, Indonesia


Saman Dance by UNESCO

Mentawai tribes, ancient tribes which are Isolated from Sumatra Island Indonesia

Mentawai tribes are a group of people who live and settle in the Mentawai islands of West Sumatra. Until now Mentawai cultures relatively still original, because they are  isolated from the mainland of Sumatra and have not been influenced by other cultures.


Mentawai men displaying a traditional greeting.
Source :
Author : Christiaan Benjamin Nieuwenhuis
Public domain


Mentawai Islands are located in West Sumatra, composed from the island of Siberut, Sipora, North Pagai and South Pagai. Siberut Island is the largest but less in the population compare with the three other islands. Communication and transport problem caused Siberut Island mildly retarded in development. Mentawai Islands which separated from the mainland of Sumatra are estimated since 500,000 years ago in the Pleistocene age by rising sea levels. Since then the islands are isolated.

Siberut is becoming increasingly popular as an area to visit the ancient cultures. It is well known for its virgin rainforest, inhabited by a number of animal species which is not found anywhere else in the world, among them rare monkey species. Beautiful coral reefs are found offshore.

Siberut is only a relative small island and has the internal variation in language, culture in life style and in recourses are substantial. There is no clear indication of when man first arrived on Siberut, but anthropologist suggest that the bataks of the north Sumatra that is first settled on the island several years ago. In many ways, the people of  Siberut are the most ancient people among people  in Indonesia.

Most of traditional Mentawai people live in the inland, along the banks of the river in the upstream. The main food is Sago, which grows in the swamps of nature and also create their own swamp by retaining water in the root networks, when they want to plant on the flat land, but  every time they cut down the sago tree to be processed into food, they will replace it with a new sago trees. Fish, shrimp and pork are the most common source of protein that they eat.

From the first, Mentawai tribes always apply to live integrated with nature. Destroy nature and hunt wild is believed to bring disaster for the life of the Mentawai tribes.

Simplicity of life the Mentawai tribes can be seen from the way they dress. In general, clothes of  them still traditional. Mentawai men still wearing “kabit” which cover lower body, made of wood skin,  while the upper body was left naked without wearing a piece of cloth.

Another case with the women, to cover the lower body, they dangle a banana leaf midrib to form like a skirt. While for the the upper body, they knit up palm leaf shaped like a shirt. If there Mentawai tribes who wear fabric glove or clothes, there were only a few people.


Mentawai people (Wikipedia)


The Tribes in Mentawai islands are also famous because of their tattoo and they called it Titi. Titi is one part of artistic expression and the symbolic status of the Mentawai tribes.

Previously tattoos was popular among adult men and women of Mentawai. This time only a small Mentawai tribes which were tattooed. Some of them can be found in the interior of the island of Siberut.

Needles that are used are made from animal bone or sharpened wood  and would hit it into the body so that it will create the lines that are the main tattoo motive of Mentawai tribe. Colorants that is used comes from charcoal which is stuck on crock. Usually in making tattoos is started from hands, arms, legs and body. For several days, the newly tattooed skin will swell and bleed.

Reputedly, Mentawai tattoos are included the oldest tattoo art in the world, even older than the Egyptian tattoos.


Mentawai people


Mentawai Tribe Tatoos


Mentawai Tattoo Revival



Mentawai Islands Regency – Indonesia

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Fascinating Canyon in West Sumatra “Ngarai Sianok”

Ngarai Sianok  is a beautiful canyon, green and lush. On the bottom of the valley flowed tributary that meander tracing the cracks of the cliff, with the background of Mount Merapi and Mount Singgalang.


Ngarai Sianok and Singgalang mountain behind it
By : Ayu


Ngarai has a meaning valley, and Sianok is the name of a village in the area. Located is not far from Jam Gadang near the center of  Bukit Tinggi, West Sumatra (Sumatra Island) Indonesia.  It can  be reached  by public transportation.


Jam Gadang (literally “Big Clock”) is a clocktower and major landmark of the city of Bukit Tinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia. It is located in the centre of the city, near the main market, Pasar Atas, and is a tourist attraction. This clocktower has large clocks on each side and was given the name “Jam Gadang” (Description from Wikipedia)
By : Ayu


This gap of about 100 m which stretches along 15 km with a width of  approximately 200 m and is part of the fracture that separates the island of Sumatra in half lengthwise.

The Fault formed the steep wall, even perpendicular and formed green valley. The result of the down movement of skin of the earth (sinklinal) which flowed by Sianok Trunk (trunk means river, the Minangkabau language) that the water is clear.

Ngarai Sianok is a steep valley (ravine) and become one of the main attractions of the province.


One of the beautiful valley or canyon in the world
by : Ayu


We can see a perfect view of the Ngarai Sianok from Panorama Park, which is located inside the town of Bukittinggi. In this park there is also a famous Japanese hole. The garden is very beautiful and spacious, cool weather was a typical Bukittinggi will make an amazing atmosphere

From there, we can see a perfect landscape. This valley has a cliffs covered by the green forests. The extent up to tens of kilometers.


The Forrest in the Valley
by : Ayu


This valley is also very charming. On the left side there is a barren cliffs and forests and small streams. On the right, there are rice fields, roads, and houses. At the top there is a mountain  which is shrouded by mist.


Foggy “Ngarai Sianok”
By : Ayu


In addition, there is also a herd of monkeys around the park. No need to be afraid because the monkey is pretty benign on the visitors. Others fauna that can still be found are : long-tailed monkeys, gibbons, hoop, deer, wild boar, leopard, and tapir.


One of the animals that exist there 😀
by : Ayu


Video of ” Ngarai Sianok” with the local traditional music background


Another Video of Beautiful “Ngarai Sianok”


  Location of Ngarai Sianok, Bukittinggi, West Sumatra, Indonesia

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Rhinos nearly extinct!

According to the Head of Public Relations of the Ministry of Forestry Sumarto, Indonesia has two types of rhinos, the Sumatran rhino (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) and the Javanese rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus). Both Indonesian rhino-types are categorized as critically endangered because its population has decreased dramatically in the last three decades.


Javan Rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus) shown in the London Zoo from march 1874 until january 1885. It was captured in Jakarta.
Source : Zoonooz
Author : T.Dixon. The Zoological Society of London
Public domain


A photo of a young but dead Javan Rhinoceros in Ujung Kulon, the hunter is Charles te Mechelen.
Source : Rhino Resource Center
Author : Charles te Mechelen


The population of rhinos in Indonesia is nearly extinct. In order to maintain the existence of animals that belong to Indonesia, Javanese and Sumatran rhinos, various efforts were made.
Sumatran rhino-habitats still exist in three national parks on Sumatra Island.
The last Javanese rhino-habitat exist only in Ujung Kulon National Park on Java Island.  Around the world, the species of Javanese Rhino was only in the Ujung Kulon National Park.
Having declared extinction of rhinos in India, following Vietnam in 2011, currently the population of the Javanese rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus) in the world just stay in Ujung Kulon National Park, Banten, West Java, Indonesia.

The increasement of human population, and the difficulty of breeding rhinos make the rhino populations endangered. The number of Javanese rhino (Rhinocheros sondaicus) at Ujung Kulon National Park, Banten, is at least 35 and based on recent monitoring. The rhinos have been counted by using a camera trap technology.

Many problems are faced. The pressure of society, as well as a lack of concern. Community feel existence of the animal was not so important, it may be because of the society education. In fact Javanese rhinos only exist in Ujung Kulon.


Ujung Kulon National Park, 2002, by User:Ravn
Under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.


And also the numbers of distribution locations of Sumatran rhinos are on the wane. The number of Sumatran rhino-habitats only remain in three places, in the South Bukit Barisan National Park, National Parks Way Kambar, and National Park Leuseur. Within a few decades earlier, Sumatran rhinos nearly scattered throughout mainland of Sumatra but at the moment they are no more than 150.


Sumatran Rhinoceroses at the Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden
Source : Photo Sumatran Rhinos: “Emi” and 14 month old son “Harapan” from Flickr
Author : Charles W. Hardin


Bukit Barisan National Park
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU,


Gunung Leuser National Park in northern Sumatra, Indonesia.
Source : Jungle Life / Indonesia, Gunung Leuser National Park
Under Licence Creative Commons Atribusi 2.0 Generik
Author : flydime


Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis) Rosa in the Sumatran Rhino Sanctuary, Way Kambas, Sumatra, Indonesia
Source : flickr: IMG_2227
Author : Willem v Strien
Under Licence Creative Commons Atribusi 2.0 Generik

“In addition to hunting, forest loss is also a major threat to the survival of the remaining Sumatran rhino. Forest conversion uncontrollable causes fragmented forests. As a result, in some cases, the Sumatran rhino population reportedly entered the fields in search of food. In the South Bukit Barisan National Park, Lampung, a major threat to rhino habitat is forest encroachment into coffee plantations and other agricultural crops” explained Adhi Rachmat Hariyadi, Coordinator of the Rhino Conservation Program of WWF-Indonesia.

Besides breeding rhino population has been elusive by human factors, its presence is threatened due to further factors such as attacks from other animals like bisons and tigers.

Rhino preservation can be done in three stages, that is receiving supply of adequate food, water and adequate shelter. Involvement of local people who have lived longer around rhino habitats is capable to build a “fence”-zone which is effective in keeping the rhino population.


The obvious disadvantage is that once extinct, the species will not be found again!


Orang Utans have to be rescued!

Orangutans are amazing species of ape. Orangutans only live on the island of Borneo and Sumatra, which is divided into two generic species, Pongo pygmaeus (Orangutan of Borneo) and Pongo abelii (Sumatran Orangutan). 90% of the Orangutan population live in Indonesia, while 10% the rest can be found in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia. In Sumatra, the largest population is found in the Leuser Ecosystem, while the Borneo Orangutans can be found in West Kalimantan (Borneo), Central and East.


Orangutan in the German Zoo “Tierpark Hellabrunn” in Munich
Author : Werner Gut ,


Orangutan at Berlin Zoo, Germany.
Author : David Arvidsson
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic


Wild Orangutan spotted in Kutai National Park, Borneo, Indonesia.
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic


In Malay language, Orangutan means “man of the forest/woods”  have a very high intelligence, with 97 percent of their DNA that identical to human.

Estimated current populations less than 30,000 individuals spread across two distribution regions (Sumatera and Kalimantan). According to estimates, the number of wild Orang Utans in the the forest of Sumatra contained only about 6500-7500 individuals. And wild Orang Utans in Borneo contained approximately 12000-13000 individuals. This is a reduction of the amount present in the last 10 years (30% – 50% reduction amount). Orang Utans spent more time (about 90 per cent) in the trees in the tropical rain forest, their habitat.

Orangutans even sleep in the nest made from twigs and leaf piles in the tree. They like to use wide leaves like banana leaves as an umbrella to protect themselves from the rain, and more solitary than other apes. When browsing the depth of forest, the male Orangutans making noises and shouting to ensure they are not disturbed by the presence of other Orangutans. Shouts of “long call” can be heard up to 2 kilometers. Scientists say that the individuals Orangutan requires browsing area approximately 150 acres. Shouts of adult male Orangutans absolutely amazing. Long duration of the call for about one minute even four minutes. The voice of Orangutans in Borneo forest is the most loud and scary.


The differences between Male and Female Orangutan

In general, male Orangutans have cheek pad on both cheeks and their size two times larger than females. Weight of males could reach 90-110 kg  and 1.2 to 1.5 m long. Male Orangutans are not friendly, they will defend the area which they regard as their residence, they will even fight with other Orangutans if necessary.

Average Orangutans females weight could reach 60 kg and 1 to 1.2 m long. Females give birth usually produce one descendant within 8 years.  8 to 9 years, babies Orangutans sticking to their mother for 2 years they will begin to learn skills from their mothers for survival. They will leave their mother and go with other young Orangutans at age 8 years and at age 15 years, Orangutans will live by their own will.

Orangutans have a long stretch of hand. Adult males can stretch their arms up to 2 meters from fingertips in one hand to the other hand fingertips and even exceed the average of their height. When the Orangutan stood upright their hands will barely touch the ground.

Borneo Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) have the physical characteristics of a larger body, dark or reddish brown, hairs sparse and short and in the baby appears there patches of reddish color or greenish.
Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelli) physical features body look smaller, light-colored or orange and arms longer than legs.


Orangutan rehabilitation centre, Buket Lawang ,Sumatra.
Author : Original uploader was Dave59 at en.wikipedia
GNU Free Documentation License


Bornean Orangutan
Author : Ltshears
Public Domain


These intelligent primates looking for food during the day, with the composition of the menu consists mainly of fruit and forest leaves. They also eat the bark, insects, rarely eat meat and to get a water, they were punching holes in the trunks of trees that are useful to collect rain water and drink it by sipping from his wrist. Orangutans also take the form of mineral food from the soil but in very small quantities.

Because orangutans are scattered in several places and highly dependent on the presence of trees, they are vulnerable to the impacts of logging. Unfortunately, deforestation and other human activities such as hunting, whether it’s to be traded as pets or to eat their meat.
The more sad is when the hunter want to get the babies of Orangutans, they had to kill their mother and if the babies survived falling from a tree  their were taken by the poachers. All those things that are caused the extinction of orangutans

Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS) is currently engaged efforts to acquire lands ex-concession in Borneo to be used as a place to release rehabilitated orangutans back to their habitat. In order to save these species, the preservation of the natural habitat of Orangutans are the thing to do.

In 20 years this decade, according to the IUCN in 1993 approximately 80% of their habitat has been lost or destroyed. And IUCN calculate, if this situation has not changed, or stay like this, then in 10-20 years the Orangutans will be extinct. So that International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN/2004), made the category Critically Endangered / critical for Sumatran Orangutans and the Endangered / threatened species for the Orangutans of Borneo.

Orang Utans can be regarded as an indicator of the quality of forest ecosystem. When life in the treetops can be run properly, will highly affect the ecosystem beneath it. Therefore, it is important to preserve the Orangutans if we are determined to save the Earth from the threat of global warming, a phenomenon closely related to the systematic destruction of forests over the last century.


Destruction of Forests, Habitat of Orangutans

In Indonesia there exist several reasons that Forests as the natural habitat of Orangutans and other wild animals are reduced. Just mentioning legal reasons now from humans side the most natural reason is that the Indonesian Population grows and needs more land. Some industries force the deforestation drastically, mostly the need and retrieval of palm-oil is mentioned. Nestle company blamed by Greenpeace because of deforesting large areas to plant palm tree and using palm-oil for making chocolate in large amounts.

An Article of Greenpace about palm-oil you can find here: … -plan-to-halt-forest-destruction/.

Another usage of palm-oil as a alternative fossil burning also coming from some countries, such as Germany and Austria.

Currently there is a large mining-project planed and to avoid, where a lot of forest shall be taken and many Orang Utans – beside lots of others animals and plants – would be killed.

We appreciate your signing of the petition, further information is shown following the link: Bornean orangutans need our help, pls sign the petition

Before slaughtered, orang utan hugged her child  , although this news in the Indonesian language, you can translate it into the language you want. You should read this news…Online-translation:

In our article about Sumatra-Tigers  you can know more about other companies who deforest the places where endangered animals live, like they never lived or exist there. Heartless!!


Habitats of Orang Utans in Borneo and Sumatra
Habitats of Orang Utans in Borneo and Sumatra

Sumatran tigers are nearly extinct!

Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is one of five subspisies tiger (Panthera tigris) in the world that still survive. Including the endangered Sumatran tigers which are also the only sub-species of tigers that still belongs to Indonesia after the two brothers, Bali tiger (Panthera tigris balica) and Java Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) declared extinct.

These animals can only be found on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Population of them that are living in the wild is estimated to 400-500. Sumatran tigers more rare and are categorized as endangered species. There are at least 250 Sumatran tigers that kept in zoos worldwide.

The impact of destruction of forests by APP is not only devastating the environment but also threaten the Sumatran tigers balance. Sumatran forest destruction by APP to supply the pulp and paper industries which also used for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.


Sumatra-Tiger in German Zoo in Augsburg
Photographer : Werner Gut (


This rare cat could live anywhere, from lowland forests to mountain forest and lived in many places which not protected. Sumatran tigers are the smallest tiger subspecies, have the darkest color among all the other tiger subspecies, the black pattern of them sized width and tightly.


Panthera Tigris Sumatrae , German Zoo in  Frankfurt 
Author : From de.wikipedia, originally uploaded by en: User: Wilfred
Photographer / Source: Petra Karstedt


Their small size makes it easier to move through the jungle. There is a membrane in between the fingers that make them able to swim fast. Tigers are known to drive hoofed prey into the water, especially if the prey animal is a slow swimmer. This cat patiently stalking their prey before attacking from behind or the side. They eat anything that can be captured, generally boar and deer, and sometimes poultry, fish, and orangutans. They are also able to swim and climb a tree when hunting prey.

Male Sumatran tiger has the average length of 92 inches from the head to tail with a weight of 300 pounds. Females average 78 inches in length and weighs 200 pounds. Sumatran tiger stripes are thinner than other tiger subspecies. This subspecies also had more beard hair and mane than other subspecies, especially the male tiger.

Sumatran tiger can live up to 10-15 years. females generally start breeding at 3-4 years of age. The gestation period lasts between 95-110 days. Females can give birth to six babies, but normally is 2-3 babies. Their fur change color to dark green when giving birth. The babies will stay with their mother until the age of 18-24 months until they are able to be independent in nature.

Sumatran tiger food depending where they live and how abundant prey. Sumatran tigers are generally solitary except during mating season and will be together with female and their children.



The main threats for Sumatran tigers are habitat destructions and hunting. Deforestation continues even in the national park that should protect them. Recorded 66 tigers were killed between 1998 and 2000.

In the effort to rescue the Sumatran tiger from extinction,  Taman Safari Indonesia (Indonesian Safari Park) is appointed by the 20 zoos in the world as the Sumatran tigers Breeding Center, “studbook keeper” and sperm storage (Genome Bank Rescue) for Sumatran tigers. An expert from the Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG), Kathy Traylor-Holzer said that the genetic purity of Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) are highest in the conservation agencies of Taman Safari Indonesia which is located in West Java.  That statement presented at the “Global Species Management System” (GSMS) for Sumatran tigers, which was held at the Royal Safari Garden Hotel.

Experts from Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG) said that from more or less 100 zoos in Japan, only four zoos that have Sumatran tigers and the number are only seven left.

While in the European region there are 104 Sumatran tigers, in the North American Region there are 69, Australia 51 and in Indonesia zoos there are 96. According to Kathy Traylor-Holzer, Sumatran tigers at Taman Safari Indonesia has the highest genetic purity which reached 93.3 percent.


Sumatran Tiger at Melbourne Zoo
Author : Merbabu
GNU Free Documentation License


Outside of Indonesia, she said that the genetic purity to the highest Sumatran tigers held by the North American region that is equal to 89.8 percent, then Europe with 86.9 percent, Australia 86.2 percent and Japan with 77.8 percent. She also said that the genetic purity is necessary to protect the existence of Sumatran tigers at the zoo.

Drs. Manansang Jansen, MSc, President SEAZA (Association of Zoos South-East Asia) also said that genetic purity of the Sumatran tigers that achieved by Taman Safari Indonesia  is possible, because they manage the population of Sumatran tigers strictly.

Taman Safari Indonesia will be pleased to assist purification genetic of Sumatra tigers in zoos around the world, but the tiger which will be sent, must fulfill license that set by the laws of Indonesia. Beside that, the Sumatran tigers that would be sent, have to be from the breeding, not from wildlife.


Tiger park safari Indonesia (Taman Safari Indonesia)
Public domain




Sumatra Island, and some location of the Sumatran tigers

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The following text was translated from the Indonesian source:, naskah diterbitkan pada 26 Juli, 2011

The Tiger driven out from their home

In early July, a year ago, there was a sad news. Sumatran tiger “The King of the jungle” died in a tragic way. This incident documented by Greenpeace when The Tiger was trying to be saved by a team of Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA) Riau-Sumatra. The tiger died in his own territory, which later the place changed into Acacia plantations, owned by APP, Pulp and paper giant company that continues to destroy Indonesia’s forests.

This sad video showing the price that have to be paid by wildlife for their home that missing.

The Sumatran tiger was found already trapped for 7 days. Forest officials arrived to give him a sedative, tried to save and evacuate him, but the Sumatran tigers could not be saved.

The impact of destruction forests by APP is not only devastated but also threaten climate balance of Sumatran tiger. Destruction forest by APP is to supply the pulp and paper for some industries which also used them for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.

Our video evidence is increasingly clear that APP did not care about the environment and even destroyed it, the evidence is also increasingly clear that a variety of “sustainable label” that carried by APP highly should be doubted, the credibility of forest certification organization such as the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) is also questionable. PEFC certify ‘sustainable’ to paper products throughout the world, but by many parties repeatedly criticized for their relationship with APP. Extremely surprising, products that contain natural forest timber, which is taken from the dead tiger habitat can be certified by PEFC.

PT Arara Abadi – tigertrapped
Location of tiger habitat clearing by APP. located within the concession13 km, Sumatra, tiger caught in animal traps. © Melvinas Priananda / Greenpeace

Last month Greenpeace used forensic tests to reveal the manufacture of toys, like Barbie and Transformer produced by Hasbro, Mattel and Disney which use packaging from deforestation in Indonesia. This study also used the guide field investigations, mapping data, which reveal newest evidence of destruction natural forests and peat on the island of Sumatra by APP.

Write and send a letter to Mattel to stop forest destruction in Indonesia!

Give education to the future generations not to destroy the future of Indonesia’s forests.
Greenpeace campaigns for protecting forests in Indonesia. Including habitat of endangered tigers.

We please you to sign a petition by Greenpeace on this page:
to support the Indonesian Sumatra-Tigers!

Magic stone from Minang land, in the city of Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia.

Magic stone that is located in the area of Batu Sangkar, Padang, West Sumatra has been famous because of its uniqueness. Magic Stone is called Batu Angke by residents of that area. The stone is special because often changes its weight. 

Tourism Angke stone, located in District Batu Sangkar River, about three hours drive from city of Padang. Apparently the magic stone has started visited by tourists since 100 years ago. During that time, seven generation keeping this unique heritage.

Batu Angke can be so heavy or it can be very light such as cotton, appropriate the belief of people who lifting it. It is said that there is magical powers in it. In the language of Minang, Angke-Angke means “lift”, so Batu Angke means stone that lifted.

Reading prayer is the rule before lifting the stone. Many from visitors exhausted because this stone can weigh up to hundreds of pounds on their hands. In order to lift the stone is free of charge, only for buying souvenir charged 1$.


Magic Stone


Not everyone can lift it, even men.


Woman who is maintain the location of Magic Stone, can be easily lift it.

Legend of Hanging Rock (Batu Gantung), Parapat city legend in North Sumatra, Indonesia

Once upon a time, in ancient times, in a small village on the shores of Lake Toba, there lived a husband and wife with a beautiful daughter named Seruni. Addition to beautiful, Seruni also a diligent girl because she always helped her parents when they were working in farm that were used for daily living needs.

One day Seruni should work in the farm by herself because her parents had something to do in the neighboring village. She was only accompanied by her dog, named Toki. Arriving at the farm  Seruni just sat pensively, looking at the natural beauty of Lake Toba, while the dog sat beside her, stared at mistress’s face, who looked like moody. Occasionally the dogs barked to distract Seruni attention if there was anything suspicious in the surrounding farm.

Actually, these days Seruni always seemed sad. This was because her father will set her up with a young man who was her own cousin. In fact, she had a relationship with a young man in her village and had also promised to marry him. This situation made her confused, no idea what to do and began to despair. In one hand she did not want to disappoint her parents, but the other hand she was unable to separate with her lover.

After considered for a moment and could not decide anything, Seruni got up from where she sat and with tears in her eyes, she walked slowly toward to the Lake Toba. Seemed she wanted to end her life by jumping into the Lake. While Toki which also followed her into the lake only could bark because didn’t not know what was going on in the mind of Seruni.

While walking toward the cliff on the edge of Lake Toba, she suddenly fell into the hole of big stone until to the bottom. It was very dark, she became frightened and cried for help to her beloved dog, but Toki only a dog, he could not do anything except barking around the mouth of the hole. Finally she became hopeless and said to herself, “Ah, I’d rather die.”.
After said that, for some reason the walls of the hole began to close. “Parapat …! Parapat rock! “, Seruni shouted to make the stone wall more closer and squeezed her body. (Parapat in their language is move closer).

Seeing the incident, Toki ran to the house to ask for help. When he got home, immediately he ran to  Seruni parents who were already at home. Barking, scratching the ground and pacing around his master, Toki tried to tell them that Seruni was in danger.

Aware of what was signaled by the dog, the parents soon went to the farm. Both ran after Toki to the edge of the hole where their daughter fell. When Seruni father heard her screams from the hole, the mother immediately made a torch, because it was already evening and dark, while the father ran back to the village to ask for help from the neighbors.
When the helpers arrived at the farm, with tears Seruni mother said to her husband, “The hole was too deep and dark. I just heard the faint sound of our daughter who said : Parapat, Parapat stone … ”

Several times they shouted, calling  Seruni, but they did not get a response from her. Only Seruni voice which faint ordered the stone around her to move closer. Residents tried to help by holding out the rope to the bottom of the hole, but not at all touched or held by her. Felt worried, father decided to go into the hole, but his wife forbid him, because the hole was very deep and dangerous.

Suddenly there was a roar, and the strong shaking, making the hole slowly closed. Seruni which trapped in the hole could not be saved.

Some time after the shaking stopped, above the hole that had closed, there was a large rock that resembled to girl body which seemed hanging on the wall of the cliff on the shores of Lake Toba. People who saw the incident believed that the stone was the manifestation from Seruni, and later named it as “Hanging Rock”.

Because the last words of Seruni which were heard by residents only “Parapat, Parapat, and Parapat”, then the area around of Hanging Rock was named Parapat. Parapat now had transformed into a tourist destination city in the North Sumatra Province.


Hanging Rock in North Sumatra Indonesia


View on Parapat from Island in Lake Toba,
Author: BesselDekker, License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


Parapat harbor, Lake Toba, North Sumatra-Indonesia
Author : Nomo Michael Hoefner
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 3.0 Unported


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Legend of Lake Toba (DanauToba) in North Sumatra, Indonesia

In the North Sumatra, there is a very large lake, and in the middle of the lake there is a volcanic island. The lake named “Danau Toba” (Lake Toba), while the island in the middle of the lake, named Samosir island. This lake is the largest lake in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia.

In ancient times in a village in North Sumatra, there lived a farmer named Toba. He lived alone in the fertile valley and worked in the farm for a living. Besides worked in his farm, sometimes he went fishing in a river that not far from his home. Easy for him to get the fish, because in a clean river there were plenty of fish to be cooked become some food.

One evening, after returning from farm, he went to the river for fishing. After a while he did not get any fish. It’s never happened before. Usually the fish in the river was easy to get. Because it was too long to wait, he became upset and decided to stop fishing, but when he wanted to pull the fishing line, all of a sudden there was a fish reeled in his line into the middle of the river. His heart was glad, because he knew the fish that grabbed the bait was a big fish. The fish was quickly pulled to the ground, in order not to loose it. At the time he was off the hook, the fish looked at him meaningfully. Then after the fish were placed into one place, he got into the river for bathing. He felt very happy because he never get that big fish. When he left the river, it had started evening.

When Toba got home, he was immediately brought the big fish to the kitchen. When he wanted to light a fire for grilling fish, firewood was in the kitchen had run out. He immediately went out to get firewood from the ground under his house then he climbed back into the house and went straight to the kitchen. By the time he had reached the kitchen, he was shocked because the big fish that was not there anymore, but on where the fish was placed there were some pieces of gold. With shocked and surprised he left the kitchen and entered the room.

When Toba opened the door, he was more surprised, because in the room stood a woman with a long hair. She was combing her hair while stood  facing the mirror that hung on the wall. A moment later she was suddenly turned around and looked at the man who was confused. Toba was so fascinated because he saw a beautiful woman in front of him. He had never seen such a beautiful woman even before he had wandered away to different countries.

Because it was late at night, she asked him to turn on the lights. After he had turned on the lights, he was invited to accompany her in the kitchen because she wanted to cook rice for them. While waited for the rice cooked, she told him that she was the manifestation from the big fish. She also explained that some pieces of gold which was located in the kitchen was the manifestation from the fish scales. After several weeks, she was willing to accept Toba proposal to marry her, but with one condition that he should swear that he would never bring up the origins of his wife as long as he lives. After he sworn, they got married.

A year later, they were blessed with a son who they named Samosir. He was very spoiled by her mother and resulting less well-tempered boy, and lazy. After growing up, her mother ask him to deliver some rice for his father everyday who worked in the farm. However often he refused it.

One day, the boy ordered by his mother again to deliver a rice for his father. At first he refused. However after being forced by her mother finally he went with annoyance to deliver the rice. On the way most of the rice and side dishes he ate. Arriving in the farm, the rest that were only a bit rice that he gave it to his father.

When received it, his father who was feeling very hungry because the rice was delivered late, got mad when he saw the rice that given to him was the remains. His father even more angry when his son admitted that he was who ate most of the rice, and  father became lost patience, and he beat his son and saying: “Son of  bitch!, ungrateful. Really you were a son of women who came from the fish! ”

The boy cried and ran home to meet his mother at home. He complained to his mother that he was beaten by his father. He told all the words spoken by his father. Hearing her son’s story his mother was so sad, especially since her husband had broken his vow. Then she told her son to immediately went up to the hill which is located not so far from their house and climbed the highest tree located on top of the hill. Without asking again, the boy obeyed her mother. He ran toward the hill and climbed it.

As seen by the mother that her son had almost to the top of the tree, she ran towards the river that were not so far away from home. When she arrived at the edge of the river, lightning struck along with thunderous sound. She jumped into the river and suddenly turned into a big fish. At the same time the river was flooding and heavy rain fell. Some time later the river was already overflowed everywhere and the valley and that area gone. Toba could not save himself, he was drowned by a pool of water. More longer stagnant water more widely and turned into a very large lake and later on that place named by the people with the name: “Danau Toba” (Lake Toba).


Toba Lake (Danau Toba) View in the north of Sumatra Island Indonesia

Author : Chmouel, for Wikipedia doc.
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU
Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 3.0 Unported

Toba lake views with Samosir island in the middle.

Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU from Wikipedia
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.


Scenery of Lake Toba


Location of Toba Lake

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