Tragedy ‘Lapindo Mud’ began on May 27, 2006. Originally mud was spurt in the rice field close to the gas drilling owned by Lapindo Brantas contractor.
Lapindo Brantas is one of the Production Sharing Contract appointed by BP-Oil and Gas to make the process of drilling for oil and gas. Currently, Lapindo has a 50% participating interest in the area of Brantas, East Java.
Lapindo mudflow tragedy in Porong, Sidoarjo enters the sixth year. However, completion of some problems that result from it still leaves a a question mark. Bursts are still visible. Payment of compensation to the victim has not been completed. Explained by the Sidoarjo Mud Mitigation Agency (BPLS), the average volume of mud that burst around 10 to 15 thousand cubic meters per day.
The life of residents in the area has changed dramatically since the mud flooded the village. Six years mud problem caused social impacts.
The number of diseases has been increasing since 2006. Patients with respiratory tract infections which in 2005 were 24.719 people, in 2009 increased rapidly to 52.543 people. Additionally, gastritis which in 2005 amounted to 7416 people in 2009 increased to three-fold to 22.189 patients.
On the issue of education, after 33 schools were drowned by mud, to date not a single replacement school built by the government.
Started on April 16, 2011, more than 2,000 people, were alternately blockaded mud embankments in Porong, Sidoarjo.
East Java Government asks citizens to be wary of mud levees. Currently all of the authority against all the possibilities that exist in mud levees become a burden Sidoarjo Mud Mitigation Agency (BPLS). They raised the levees to anticipate the occurrence of overflow from the mud ponds that may exceed the height of levees which is only eleven feet.
It is done by using three heavy equipment that are stationed on mud levees. In addition to raise the levees, BPLS is also clog in the mud ponds to drain the mud to another location that is still possible.
Indonesian National Commission on Human Rights considered that the Lapindo mudflow case in Sidoarjo, East Java is not purely a natural disaster, there was the human error was behind the disaster.
Is the fault of drilling by PT Lapindo Brantas or because of the earthquake in Yogyakarta? Lapindo insist that the disaster was caused by the earthquake that occurred 280 kilometers from that place two days earlier.
In international forums, Richard Davies, a geology from Durham University, and Mark Tingay from Adelaide University, writing in the scientific journal stated his opinion, that drilling was a factors cause of the mudflow that has drowned several villages in Sidoarjo, while Adriano Mazzini expert geology from the Oslo University, argued contrary, that the earthquake that is activated Watukosek fracture, which crosses Sidoarjo and caused eruptions from the volcano.
To commemorate the five-year bursts, Humanitus Foundation-governmental organizations, non-political and non-religious-based in Australia and the Sidoarjo Mudflow Mitigation Agency (BPLS) held an international symposium on May 25 to 26, 2011. On the first day, 10 speakers from abroad and four speakers from within the country as well as the participants review the location the crater of bursts
Around the crater, the committee put up the flags of countries that have conducted research in the area of Sidoarjo mud, including the UK, Australia, America, Russia, Japan, and Norway. Speakers and organizers did a photo together at the location of bursts and the symposium arena.
The riots in Sampit, only a series of riots by ethnic Madurese (Madura), since establishment of the Central Borneo, and more than 16 times of great upheaval happened, and also a small riot which sacrificed a lot of the people who are not from Madura.
Residents who are not Madura always succumb, so that the Madurese were so proud of such horrible acts and used it to terrorize them and to control joints economic, social, cultural and people of Central Borneo.
On the riverbank if Dayak tribes felt disturbed, they went to the land, if on the land were given them trouble, they went to the hill, if in the hill they got a trouble, they went to the mountain, if in the mountain they were also disturbed, they went to the edge of the abyss. At the edge of the abyss they could not go anywhere so they defended themselves.
Dayak tribes are treated unfairly and the lack of attention to the development of their regions. They were also accused of being a destroyer of forests and environment and labeled as retarded tribes and various pathetic titles which marked the life the Dayak people.
Dayak tribes have given the forest, soil and water for the lives of others, mining, wood, rattan, and natural result for making many rich people in Java, including Madurese (Madura) in East Java. They become a place to hold all of the suffering of other ethnic groups so that other people are satisfied and happy. Population people are increased in Central Borneo, while the Dayak people joined the Family Planning Program to support the government policy to reduce population growth. Madurese try to have as many children as possible and ensure the natural resources of Central Borneo will be available for those who are brave and have determination.
Triggers of the riots
Process of marginalization and poverty that occurred in Central of Borneo, both in terms of natural resource utilization, Regional Development injustice, and injustice to the protection the rights of life, added the inability of ethnic Madurese to tolerate almost any aspect in the life of the Dayak of Central of Borneo.
The existence of arrogance culture Madurese Tribes which underestimated the local culture of the Dayak, causing a variety of friction which was never entirely resolved both by society and government. Accumulated friction and feud sparked a mass brawl which culminated enlarged from time to time.
The tendency of the Madurese was bringing acquaintances, family, relatives and other communities of Madurese to go to the Central of Borneo. With the lack of education, criminal behavior and without any previous selection made the Central Borneo to get the Madurese which were not potential and many did the things that were not tolerant to almost all aspects of the Dayak’s life. Such as one of which was the rape of dayak girls.
The tendency of the tribe Madurese to protect their citizens which had done evil to the Dayak Tribes, causing the accumulation of hatred and became common problem among residents non Madurese in Central of Borneo.
Dayak Tribes of Central of Borneo had been very tolerant to the Madurese, so that in some Dayak families had received his son married to the Madurese.
The efforts from the figures that provoked the Madurese without knowing the original history of the riots.
There were also efforts from the Madurese figures which encouraged religious communities to disagree with one another, saying that the problems in the town of Sampit was extermination of Moslems.
Ethics conflict 2001
2001 was the peak of unrest among the ethnic Dayak and Madurese, which actually began in 1999. The early conflict occurred in 1999, precisely on 23 September evening, a fight which happened in a karaoke located on the border Tumbang Samba (village in the Middle Katingan, Katingan District, Central of Borneo Province, Indonesia), killing Tue Iba, one of Dayak Manyan who massacred by a group of Madurese. Dayak tribes who upset because of the innocent Iba Tue died then took a revenge by burning houses and livestock Madurese in Samba.
Preceded the incident, the burning extends to almost every village. At that time the government tried to evacuate 37 citizens of madura from the conflict area (Tumbang Samba) to prevent bigger victims. After that, the situation became more calm.
A year later, on October 6, 2000, there were beatings by a group of Madurese to the Dayak people, named Sendung, in an area 19 kilometers Katingan Regency location. Sendung died in tragic circumstances. Feeling angry, Dayak tribes eventually swept Madurese, the victim much larger than in 1999, the bus owned by Madurese burned while the passenger (Madurese) locked then slaughtered. Government’s efforts at that time was through the mediation Dayak ceremony to make the conflict was not sustainable.
Four months later, on February 18, 2001, large-scale riots happened. “The situation was already not stable, but people were still shocked. Sunday morning (February 18), house of Sehan and Dahur which are from Manyan Dayak tribe, besieged by maduranese. Sehan was retired from the military at that time. Siege ended with the burning of their homes and their families were also burned. Ten people were killed that morning.
The burning, massacre happened during the day. District Police and the TNI (Goverment Army) cooperated to evacuate citizens Sampit to Palangkaraya. In the midst of a war that started raging, on Monday night at 10:25, the counterattack launched from the Dayak tribes. It lasted a full week, not counted how many houses were on fire and the neck was cut off during the war occurred. “Up until a week already 18 times efforts to evacuate citizens Madura to Surabaya. Total number of displaced citizens reached 57 000 inhabitants.
The refugees were transported using the ship’s military and private shipping companies. They were transported to the island of Madurese. Until now still recorded in the memory citizens of Sampit about Mentaya river which filled with headless dead bodies, and of course the metallic smell of blood wafted up to a month after the riots. There is no definite calculation of the number of the victim.
When the riots occurred, the headquarters of the Madurese concentrated in Sarigading and Hotel Rama Road. Reasonable if largest dead bodies were later found in both places. Horrific atmosphere continued until one month after the riots, Sampit turned into a ghost town, the stench overpowering. Headless body lay along on every street corner. The bodies of riot victims eventually buried in mass graves in kilometer 13.8 Jenderal Sudirman Street.
Currently, those who are victims of violence slowly back to where they used to. I applaud the ability of the Madurese in terms of work, they start everything from zero again, their hard work without limits, if talk about feelings, small group of citizens Madurese worth to complain. Those who did not know anything must became the victim, stripped of all possessions, but at least from the historical which was extremely painful, now they know how to build a good relationship with the local communities.
A visit to the one of the Dayak villages and a little story about Sampit riot from Dayak elder
The Madurese martial art performance
The Dayak vs Madurese riot victims
WARNING – PERHATIAN – ACHTUNG MINIMUM AGE OF 18 for viewing is extremely advised!
The following video shows victims of hard fights. Even adult people are shocked by the shown victims and most of the victims are ensured dead by simple weapons in form of long knifes or swords (Traditional weapons)
The purpose of showing this video here is to provide evidence of facts that described above and of the cruelty in the conflict. We look at the facts of the video that shows virtually or really just one side of the victim which can be used as propaganda against the Dayak tribes.
We highly recommend to read this entire article carefully in order to understand the reasons the Dayak tribes to fight and defend themselves, even though the victims were also children and women still find it difficult to tolerate. We do not choose Dayak or Madurese in this conflict, but we would like to inform you about the facts without hiding cruelty or misbehavior of all sides.
Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is one of five subspisies tiger (Panthera tigris) in the world that still survive. Including the endangered Sumatran tigers which are also the only sub-species of tigers that still belongs to Indonesia after the two brothers, Bali tiger (Panthera tigris balica) and Java Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) declared extinct.
These animals can only be found on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Population of them that are living in the wild is estimated to 400-500. Sumatran tigers more rare and are categorized as endangered species. There are at least 250 Sumatran tigers that kept in zoos worldwide.
The impact of destruction of forests by APP is not only devastating the environment but also threaten the Sumatran tigers balance. Sumatran forest destruction by APP to supply the pulp and paper industries which also used for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.
This rare cat could live anywhere, from lowland forests to mountain forest and lived in many places which not protected. Sumatran tigers are the smallest tiger subspecies, have the darkest color among all the other tiger subspecies, the black pattern of them sized width and tightly.
Their small size makes it easier to move through the jungle. There is a membrane in between the fingers that make them able to swim fast. Tigers are known to drive hoofed prey into the water, especially if the prey animal is a slow swimmer. This cat patiently stalking their prey before attacking from behind or the side. They eat anything that can be captured, generally boar and deer, and sometimes poultry, fish, and orangutans. They are also able to swim and climb a tree when hunting prey.
Male Sumatran tiger has the average length of 92 inches from the head to tail with a weight of 300 pounds. Females average 78 inches in length and weighs 200 pounds. Sumatran tiger stripes are thinner than other tiger subspecies. This subspecies also had more beard hair and mane than other subspecies, especially the male tiger.
Sumatran tiger can live up to 10-15 years. females generally start breeding at 3-4 years of age. The gestation period lasts between 95-110 days. Females can give birth to six babies, but normally is 2-3 babies. Their fur change color to dark green when giving birth. The babies will stay with their mother until the age of 18-24 months until they are able to be independent in nature.
Sumatran tiger food depending where they live and how abundant prey. Sumatran tigers are generally solitary except during mating season and will be together with female and their children.
The main threats for Sumatran tigers are habitat destructions and hunting. Deforestation continues even in the national park that should protect them. Recorded 66 tigers were killed between 1998 and 2000.
In the effort to rescue the Sumatran tiger from extinction, Taman Safari Indonesia (Indonesian Safari Park) is appointed by the 20 zoos in the world as the Sumatran tigers Breeding Center, “studbook keeper” and sperm storage (Genome Bank Rescue) for Sumatran tigers. An expert from the Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG), Kathy Traylor-Holzer said that the genetic purity of Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) are highest in the conservation agencies of Taman Safari Indonesia which is located in West Java. That statement presented at the “Global Species Management System” (GSMS) for Sumatran tigers, which was held at the Royal Safari Garden Hotel.
Experts from Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG) said that from more or less 100 zoos in Japan, only four zoos that have Sumatran tigers and the number are only seven left.
While in the European region there are 104 Sumatran tigers, in the North American Region there are 69, Australia 51 and in Indonesia zoos there are 96. According to Kathy Traylor-Holzer, Sumatran tigers at Taman Safari Indonesia has the highest genetic purity which reached 93.3 percent.
Outside of Indonesia, she said that the genetic purity to the highest Sumatran tigers held by the North American region that is equal to 89.8 percent, then Europe with 86.9 percent, Australia 86.2 percent and Japan with 77.8 percent. She also said that the genetic purity is necessary to protect the existence of Sumatran tigers at the zoo.
Drs. Manansang Jansen, MSc, President SEAZA (Association of Zoos South-East Asia) also said that genetic purity of the Sumatran tigers that achieved by Taman Safari Indonesia is possible, because they manage the population of Sumatran tigers strictly.
Taman Safari Indonesia will be pleased to assist purification genetic of Sumatra tigers in zoos around the world, but the tiger which will be sent, must fulfill license that set by the laws of Indonesia. Beside that, the Sumatran tigers that would be sent, have to be from the breeding, not from wildlife.
Sumatra Island, and some location of the Sumatran tigers
In early July, a year ago, there was a sad news. Sumatran tiger “The King of the jungle” died in a tragic way. This incident documented by Greenpeace when The Tiger was trying to be saved by a team of Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA) Riau-Sumatra. The tiger died in his own territory, which later the place changed into Acacia plantations, owned by APP, Pulp and paper giant company that continues to destroy Indonesia’s forests.
This sad video showing the price that have to be paid by wildlife for their home that missing.
The Sumatran tiger was found already trapped for 7 days. Forest officials arrived to give him a sedative, tried to save and evacuate him, but the Sumatran tigers could not be saved.
The impact of destruction forests by APP is not only devastated but also threaten climate balance of Sumatran tiger. Destruction forest by APP is to supply the pulp and paper for some industries which also used them for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.
Our video evidence is increasingly clear that APP did not care about the environment and even destroyed it, the evidence is also increasingly clear that a variety of “sustainable label” that carried by APP highly should be doubted, the credibility of forest certification organization such as the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) is also questionable. PEFC certify ‘sustainable’ to paper products throughout the world, but by many parties repeatedly criticized for their relationship with APP. Extremely surprising, products that contain natural forest timber, which is taken from the dead tiger habitat can be certified by PEFC.
Last month Greenpeace used forensic tests to reveal the manufacture of toys, like Barbie and Transformer produced by Hasbro, Mattel and Disney which use packaging from deforestation in Indonesia. This study also used the guide field investigations, mapping data, which reveal newest evidence of destruction natural forests and peat on the island of Sumatra by APP.
Write and send a letter to Mattel to stop forest destruction in Indonesia!
Give education to the future generations not to destroy the future of Indonesia’s forests.
Greenpeace campaigns for protecting forests in Indonesia. Including habitat of endangered tigers.