Category Archives: Sea/Ocean

“Tanah Lot” One of the Fantastic places in Bali, Indonesia

Tanah Lot is one of the famous sights on the island of Bali,  located in the Village Beraban, Kediri District, Tabanan Regency. The distance is about 13 km to the west of the city of Tabanan. From Ngurah Rai airport can be reached in less than 1 hours drive.


Temple on the big rock in the middle of the sea
Photographer : Anton Raharja


Temple on the big rock was behind me


Tanah Lot is a tourist attraction in Bali that offers the natural beauty of the sunset. The uniqueness of Pura Tanah Lot is that the place is located in the middle of the sea about 300 meters from the beach which also there is the large rock with a large cave in the middle of it.


The Cave in the middle of the rock


The Cave, also the place  for Hindu religious ceremony, worship to the guardians God of the sea.


Here there are two temples located at the top of the large rock. One is located at the top of the boulder which, when the tide is high the temple will be seen surrounded by sea water and the other one is located on the north on the top of the cliff, jutting into the sea. This cliff becomes a liaison between the temple in the middle of the sea and the mainland which is shaped like a curved bridge.

Pura (Temple) Tanah Lot as a temple in the middle of the sea is the worship place to the guardian gods of  the sea. Usually visitors will come in the afternoon to see the beautiful sunset.


On the rock, at Tanah lot location


Tanah Lot is derived from  the word “Tanah” that is interpreted as the land, and “Lot” means the sea. So Tanah Lot interpreted as the land that is in the middle of the sea. Pura Tanah Lot was founded in the 15th century by a Hindus priest named Nirartha from the Kingdom of Majapahit (on Java Island) on his way to spread the Hindu religion from the land of Java in the 16th century. Before giving the instructions to set up a temple in this place, he felt the vibrations of purity and obtained spiritual perfection.

According to the Legend, Danghyang Nirartha who successfully strengthened the confidence of the local community about the teachings of Hinduism, the sacred leader in that place named Bendesa Beraban felt threatened because many of his followers became followers of Danghyang Nirarta. Then Bendesa ordered Danghyang Nirartha to leave Tanah Lot.

He agreed but before leaving the Tanah Lot, with all his strength he moved the stone blocks to the middle of the beach and built the temples there. He also changed his scarf into a snake as a temple guardians. The snakes are still exist to this day and they are species of sea snakes that have a characteristic flat tail like a fish, striped black and yellow color. Bendesa Beraban was amazed and later became followers of Danghyang Nirartha.

In some small tunnels in the vicinity of the barrier reef of Pura Tanah Lot are places where the striped snakes that are benign are located and trusted by society as the guardian of the temple. Around the temple there are freshwater springs which can be seen during low tide. The existence of the spring water had been a major consideration when this place was chosen as the location of the temple.


Beautiful Scenery of Tanah Lot
Photographer : Anton Raharja


Tanah Lot currently is managed professionally, equipped with various facilities. Entrance fee includes accident insurance and for every vehicle that enters the Tanah Lot location, accident insurance is directly covered by the pay parking fees.



Beautiful Sunset of Tanah Lot Bali


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The beauty of Pura Uluwatu, Bali

Pura Uluwatu is one of the famous temples in Bali. The main attraction for the tourists of this temple is a spectacular panorama which is a blend of both natural and religious attractions. As one of the mainstay tourist on the island of Bali, Uluwatu is located at the southern tip of Bali island and towards the Indian Ocean.


Uluwatu Temple Location, Bali, Indonesia


Uluwatu Temple Bali
Auteur : Arnaud Gaillard (Arnaud ()
Source : Photo de l’auteur


The temple stands firmly jutting into the sea on rocks with a height of about 97 meters from the sea surface. In front of the temple there is a small forest called “Alas Kekeran”, which serves as a purity temple buffer. On the waterfront, visitors can see the marine atmosphere that comfort the soul and mind. The temple, located on the rock has become one of the historical attractions because it dates back to 1489 BC, beginning with the arrival of a priest from East Java named Danghyang Dwijendra.

To be able to enter into the temple, visitors must wear a sarong and scarf that can be rented in that place to respect the religious life of the Balinese who are mostly Hindus and have a great respect for the place of their worship.

The best time to visit Uluwatu temple is in the evening, at sunset time, so they can watch the spectacular scenery. In addition visitors can also see one of the cultural attractions that pretty typical in Bali Island, namely the Kecak dance which is quite popular both domestic and abroad. This Balinese dance become one of leading cultural attractions.


Kecak Dencer before 1937
Source : Tropenmuseum


Kecak Dance in Ubud
Photographer : Saipal


Kecak dance being performed at Uluwatu, in Bali
GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)


Kecak dance is performed by many of the male dancers, sitting in a circle and with a certain rhythm shouting and raised both their arms. The dancers that are sitting in a circle wear a plaid cloths around their waist. Besides the dancers, there are other dancers who portray the characters of Ramayana like Rama, Shinta, Ravana, Hanuman and Sugriva. Kecak dance songs are taken from the ritual dances sanghyang that is traditional dance. Dancers will be in an trance condition, communicating with God or the spirits of the ancestors and then convey the expectations of the spirits to the society.

Unlike other Balinese dance that uses the gamelan as a musical accompaniment, Kecak dance performances are only the art of combining sounds of the mouth or shouts like “cak cak ke cak cak ke”, so this dance called The Kecak dance. The Kecak dance can be found at several places in Bali, but at Uluwatu is the most interesting to watch, because the show performed at the sunset.



Next to Pura Uluwatu, there is the famous Uluwatu beach with the cool waves that makes Uluwatu beach become a haven for the Surfer.

Uluwatu beach is suitable to be used by sports fans of surfing and almost every year is held an international surfing competition. This activity also serves to facilitate promotion, especially to foreign tourists and many countries in the world to get to know more about Indonesia that is rich in cultures.



Around the temple complex there are a bunch of monkeys. The mischievous monkeys are generally prefer to take a wide variety of items carried by the visitors. Goods which often become the target are glasses, purse, wallet or anything that can be easily taken by them.


Uluwatu Monkey


Uluwatu monkey at the edge of the cliff




Bukit Peninsula - SouthWest, Bali
Bukit Peninsula – SouthWest, Bali
This file was published with the License CC by-sa 3.0 by Burmesedays

Malin Kundang legend from Sumatra island, Indonesia

Malin Kundang folklore tale is one of the legends of Indonesia that you should know, and search for it moral messages. This legend comes from the province of West Sumatra, Indonesia. Malin Kundang legend tells the story about the child who disobedient  his mother and therefore was cursed became a stone. A form of stone located in “Pantai Air Manis” (Sweet Water beach), Padang, West Sumatra-Indonesia.


Malin Kundang Stone, Pantai Air Manis, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. The legend said that Malinkundang was turned to stone after disowning his mother, and his attempt to kneel down and apologize was a bit too late. Source :Flickr : The Legend of Malinkundang - West Sumatra Maker : Makka Kesuma Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic
Malin Kundang Stone, Pantai Air Manis, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. The legend said that Malinkundang was turned to stone after disowning his mother, and his attempt to kneel down and apologize was a bit too late.
Source : Flickr : The Legend of Malinkundang – West Sumatra
Maker : Makka Kesuma
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic




Malin Kundang lived in the poor fisherman family. Because of poor financial condition, his father decided to make a living overseas, sailed the ocean. Having been left by his father, Malin Kundang lived alone with his mother in their huts. More than 1 year Malin’s father did not return, so his mother had to replace Malin’s father to make a living. Malin was a smart boy but a bit naughty, many times he chased some chickens and hit them by broomstick. One day, when Malin was chasing a chicken he tripped over the stone so that his right arm injured and the wound made a mark.

Feeling sorry for his mother who worked hard to make a living to raise him, Malin decided to go wandered in order to become rich after returning home later . At first Malin Kundang mother not agreed, remembering her husband also never returned after going abroad, but Malin still insisted, so his mother finally gave up and let Malin go, boarded the ship belonged to a merchant. During his stay in the ship Malin Kundang learnt about the science of sailing to the boat crews that has been experienced.

Along the way, all of a sudden Malin Kundang ship was attacked by pirates. All merchandise traders which were on board seized by pirates. Even most of the crew and people on the ship were killed by pirates. Malin Kundang was lucky, he was hiding in a small space covered by the timber so he safe.

Malin Kundang was adrift in the middle of the sea, until finally the ship was stranded at the beach. With energy left, Malin Kundang walked to a nearby village from the beach. He found a very fertile village and started to work there. With his perseverance in work, finally Malin became a wealthy man. He had a lot of merchant ships with men more than a 100 people. Having became rich Malin Kundang got married.

Malin Kundang news that had become rich and married, also known by his mother. She was very grateful and  happy that her son had succeeded. Since then, every day she went to the dock waited for him that might be returned to his hometown.

After a long marriage, Malin and his wife sailed, accompanied by boat crews and a lot of bodyguards. Malin mother saw the arrival of the ship to the dock, she saw two people were standing on the deck. She believed that his son and his wife who were standing there.

She headed toward to the ship and once close enough to him, she saw the scars on his right arm, she more convinced that it was her son and she approached, hugged and asked him : “Malin Kundang, my son, why did you go for so long without sending any news?”. Seeing an old woman dressed up dirty and hugged him, Malin Kundang became angry even though he knew that the old lady was his mother, he was embarrassed if it was known by his wife and his crew.

Got treatment like that from his son, the mother of Malin Kundang was very upset. She did not expect his son can be rebellious child. Because of mounting anger, she cursed his son and said : “Oh God, if he was my son, I curse him become a stone.”

Not long after Malin Kundang back sailed, but in the middle of the trip came a violent storm destroyed his ship. After that Malin Kundang body slowly became stiff and gradually formed became coral reef. Until now Malin Kundang  stone still can be seen at a beach called “Pantai Aia Manih” (Padang language) or “Pantai Air Manis”  (Sweet Water beach), in south of Padang city, West Sumatra.


Scenery of Mount and ocean in Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia


Place of the Malin Kundang Stone in Padang

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Nyai Roro Kidul ( Queen of the Southern Sea of Java)

Author :Kadika, This file is available under the terms of the license Creative Commons Attribution – Share Alike 3.0 (unimplemented) .

Nyai Roro Kidul is the figure of a beautiful woman who controlled the South Coast of Java, she is good spirits which are eager to help people in all kinds of difficulties. Based on the Javanese believes that the Queen of South is Goddess Nawang Wulan, angels from the heaven, which was once the wife of Jaka Tarub ( Jaka Tarub legend will be reviewed next), and they had children, which later from the descendants of Goddess Nawang Wulan and Jaka Tarub will birth the Kings of Java.

Goddess Nawang Wulan which after returning home to Heaven, was less well received in Heaven and came back down to the earth and meditated in the South Sea. Because of the meditation the seas became turbulent, made the King Sovereign of the south seas, Panguoso Sagoro became angry, and there was a war between them which actually ingenuity and arguments war. The winner was Goddess Nawang Wulan, then Goddess Nawang Wulan became Queen of the South Seas.

Conclusions about the Queen of South Sea is not just a fairy tale or superstition only. This is the real thing existing, but that does not include in the human nature, but rather in the nature of spirits, which can control the nature, both human nature and spirits nature and she can be classified as the Goddess of Nature, in this case the Goddess of the Sea.

Javanese people believe that Nyi Roro Kidul does exist and is closely related to the Sultan of Yogjakarta. Belief in the Queen of The South Seas is actualized well. A traditional ceremony held on the seashore in the south of Yogyakarta in every anniversary of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono (king of Yogyakarta). This ceremony is intended for the welfare of the sultan, and the people of Yogyakarta.

Belief in the the Queen of South Seas extending to the West Java area. Special room (number 308) on the top floor of the Ocean Beach Hotel, “Pelabuhan Ratu” Port of The Queen (one of the tourism attractions in Central Java), presented exclusively for the Queen of South Seas.Painting Nyai Roro Kidul,  in all-green color, and the smell of incense, decorate this room.  Anyone which wants to meet to the Queen, can go into this room, but must go through an intermediate, which presents an offering for the Queen. This room is also used by ex first president of Indonesia, President Soekarno.
Sometimes its mentioned that the Queen lived in “Kamar No. 13” of that Hotel, “Kamar” just means room in English. The truth of that No. couldn’t be proofed and the right room-no. really seems having been 308.

In these modern times, the legend of the Queen of South Seas, or Nyi Roro Kidul, is the most spectacular legend. Many of Indonesian or from other countries admitted that they have met a pretty queen wearing traditional Javanese dress in green. Due to this, people around the”Pelabuhan Ratu” believe that green is the favorite color of The Queen. If there are visitors of southern coast who also wear green clothes, then The Queen will drag their soul to be a servant. So the widespread myth is of the prohibition of wearing green-colored clothing when visiting the South Coast.

Actually there are explanations related to security reasons,  when we swam and dragged the waves wearing a green shirt, it will be difficult for rescue teams to find us. It also occurs in all the beaches, because the blue sea water, will, change the color to be green when the depth increases, drowning victims would be camouflaged by the color of the sea water. So, better to use light-colored clothing.

Many stories that many people drowned, due to wearing green clothes, as it described above, which the people there said that the victim body was taken by The Queen, because She didnt like it and was angry and made the victim as a victimizing. Actually it was not like that.The existence of the trough, because the junction between two tectonic plates, also called the seabed trench. Shaped like a crack rocks. So the victims of drowning could have slammed into it, swept, and then wedged between crack rocks, that was why Victim’s body did not reappear. Another version of The Queen from Wikipedia