Category Archives: West Java

Megalithic Gunung Padang Site (Mount Padang), in Cianjur, West Java, Indonesia

Archaeological sites in the district of Gunung Padang (Mount Padang) Cianjur Regency not everyone knows. In fact, these megalithic sites, with an area of 3 ha, claimed to be the largest megalithic sites in Southeast Asia. Certainly very unfortunate if we did not know it. Cianjur Regency want to make this site as a flagship tourist destination as well as education.

To reach the site, only jeeps and similar vehicles and motorcycles which can continue up to the location of the site. Gunung Padang sites located on top of a the hill, to reach from the base must climb a steep staircase, 95 meters high, made from andesite rocks pillars which laid nearly 400 stairs.

The view over the entire hill and building of megalithic sites is amazing. In the yard of megalithic sites, the visitors will listen to the explanations from tourists guide about this site from a variety of scientific approaches, also look at of thousands andesite stones which formed the pillars, four-or five-sided arranged in such a way as to various functions.

All megalithic buildings around the world built in prehistoric times (eg: Egyptian pyramids and  Stonehenge in England, Wikipedia).

This site estimated as an ancient cemetery. The existence of this site then reported back to the local government cultural overseers by local residents. Since then, the site has been examined in considerable depth while still leaves a variety of archaeological controversy. Archaeologists agree that the site is not a cemetery as stated by Krom (1914), that just mentioned that the site was estimated as an ancient tomb, but a place of worship.

Gunung Padang is the site located in an area geologically that have a quite active earthquake, not far from section Cimandiri, which stretches from the Gulf Pelabuhan Ratu, up to about Padalarang (districts in West Bandung regency, West Java province). If there is activation from the geological forces around the Gulf  of Pelabuhan Ratu, South of West Java, then it often becomes a mediator of shocking quake.

Some of the toppled and broken menhir in area of the site and is projected to cause earthquakes. In relation to worship, this site can be built for that purpose, so that people are protected from earthquake or volcanic sources that are not far from Mount Padang. Mount Gede occupied a very strong geomantic position for the Site of Mount Padang. Mount Padang site was built to be oriented entirely to Mount Gede.


Scenery of Mount Padang
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Free Software Foundation


Mount Padang Site
Author : Mohammad Fadli
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Megalithic Site Mount Padang


Location on the map

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The Legend of “Situ Bagendit” Lake in Garut, West Java Indonesia

Garut, is one area in West Java which is a fertile area and has many tourist attractions. One of them is, “Situ Bagendit” (Situ is Sundanese language means lake). 

I will tell you the famous legend behind the story about that lake.

In the ancient times there lived a wealthy widow, named Nyai Endit (Nyai is Mrs in Sundanese Languange in Sunda Land). She lived in a village in Garut city, West Java. Nyai Endit had very many property, but she was stingy and greedy. She was also very arrogant, especially to poor people.

One day, Nyi Endit held of salvation because increased her wealth. When the event, came a beggar. Condition of the beggar was pathetic. His body was very thin and his clothes tattered. He begged to Nyai Bagendit “Please Nyai, give me some food.” Seeing  a dirty old beggar came into her house, Nyai Endit was angry and drove him away. “Shameless dirty beggar, get out of my house”.  Nyai Endit snapped him.

Feeling deeply sad, beggar went away. The next day, people were busy with appearance of the stick which embedded in the village street. Everyone tried to pull out that stick, but not worked. The old beggar who asked for food to Nyi Endit reappeared. He was quickly able to pull out the stick and right away came out a big water fountain and more water came out.

Fearing a flood, the villagers immediately evacuated to other places. Nyai Endit that stingy and greedy did not want to leave her home. She was very fond of her property.

Finallyshe drowned along with all her properties. Other residents survived. Mentioned that it was the origin formation of the lake, that later was named “Situ Bagendit” (Bagendit Lake).


Situ Bagendit in Garut, West Java-Indonesia
Author : Edi Wibowo for Wikipedia
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 3.0 Unported




Pictures in Asian African museum

The End of the World War II didn’t mean the end of animosity between nations. In some parts of the world, old problem remained while the new ones emerged.

The images in accordance with the sequence of events :

In 1954, tension mounted in Indochina, since the U.S. intervention in Indochina and the French war, because of the cold war spread to Southeast Asian. Prime Minister Ali Sostroamidjojo Indonesia accepted an invitation from John Kotelawala, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, to attend the conference to be attended by five prime ministers, Sri Lanka, Burma, India, Pakistan and Indonesia, which was held in Colombo in April 1954. This conference this conference we named it Colombo Conference or Colombo Plan. More about this we can find it in wikipedia :  Colombo Plan.

Cold War



One of the key figures in world war II

Headed the rise of nations – Bogor Conference

Bogor Conference was held on December 28 to 30, 1954, in Bogor Palace with the approval of Indonesia’s first president Soekarno, in which the conference was held to discuss the final preparations implementation of Asian-African Conference. Indonesia Upon the invitation Prime Minister of indonesia Ali Sostroamidjojo , attended the Prime Minister of Burma (Unu), India (Nehru) ,Pakistan (Moh.Ali), and Sri Lanka (John Kotelawala).

More About Asian-African Conference on Wikipedia

“Bandung Walk” and Asia Africa Echoes from Bandung

Monday April 18, 1955, since dawn the activities of convivial The Opening Season of the Asian-African Confernce In Bandung city had been started. Around 08.30 am, delegates from many countries walked from Homann Hotel and Preanger Hotel to Gedung Merdeka in order to attend that event. Their walked is known as “The Historical Walk” (The Bandung Walks)

The Opening Session of The Asian-African Conference in “Gedung Merdeka” on 18 April 1955 

Diorama of the opening season of the Asian-African Conference

 Photos of Delegations from some countries


Museum of The Asian-African Conference

The museum is named MUSEUM OF THE ASIAN-AFRICAN CONFERENCE, in order to memorize the venue of the Asian-African Conference, that becomes the source of inspiration and motivation for the Asian-African nation.

The idea of established of the Asian- African Conference had been materialized by Mr. Joop Ave, the Executive Chairman of the Committee of the 25th Anniversary in cooperation with Department of Information, Department of Education and Culture, The Provincial Government of West Java and Padjadjaran University.

Museum of the asian-African Conference was inaugurated by President Soeharto, the second President of Indonesia on 24th april 1980 during the 25th Anniversary of the Asian-African Conference.

On 18 June 1986, the authority of Museum was returned by Department of Education and Culture to Department of Foreign Affairs under the supervision of Directorate of Public Diplomacy and it becomes a museum of diplomatik political history of Indonesia.

Asian African Conference in Bandung

The First Asian-African Conference which was held in Bandung West Java Indonesia on 18-24 April 1955, was a very important moment in the history of Indonesia foreign policy, nation and government. The result from that was Dasasila Bandung (Ten Principles of Bandung on Wikipedia), which became the guideline for the colonized countries fighting for independence.

The spirit of Asian-African Conference became guidance and motivation for Asian-African countries. It was also motivated young generation of Indonesia and Asian African nations to gain higher prestige.

The Asian-African Conference convened upon the invitation of the Prime Ministers of Burma, Ceylon, India, Indonesia and Pakistan. In addition to the sponsoring countries the following 24 countries participated in the conference :

1.Afghanistan, 2.Cambodia, 3.China, 4.Egypt, 5.Ethiophia, 6.Gold coast, 7.Iran, 8.Iraq, 9.Japan, 10.Jordan, 11.Laos, 12.Lebanon, 13.Liberia, 14.Libya, 15.Nepal, 16.Philippines, 17.Saudi Arabia, 18.Sudan, 19.Syria, 20.Thailand, 21.Turkey, 22.Democratic Republic of Vietnam, 23.State of Vietnam and 24.Yemen.

Asian-African Conference considered problem of common interest and concern to countries of Asia and Africa and discussed about :

A. Economic Cooperation, B. Cultural Cooperation, C. Human Rights and Self-determination, D. Problem of Dependent Peoples, E. Other Countries problem (Intern conflict), F. Promotion of World Peace and Cooperation, G. Declaration of The Promotion of World Peace and Cooperation.

The Asian-African Conference declared its conviction that friendly cooperation in accordance with these principles would effectively contribute to the maintanance and promotion of international peace and security, while cooperation in the economic, social and culture fields would help bring the common prosperity and well being of all.

 Merdeka Building in Bandung during the Asian-African Conference in 1955.

Conference Hall in “Gedung Merdeka”
“Gedung Merdeka” is the Building of the first Asian-Africa conference and serves as museum today.
Author :
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 Merdeka building in 2012 becomes a museum of Asian-African Conference 

57th Anniversary of the Asian-African Conference (1955-2012)


Asia-Africa conference had refreshed and revived the moral spirit of the heroes of Asia and Africa in their struggle for independence, so that which sovereign states and independent, many joined in the continent of Asia and Africa.

The Asian-African Conference also succeeded in developing the spirit of solidarity among Asian-African countries, facing regional and international problems. After the Asian-African Conference many conferences were held by many organization in Asia and Africa.

Ten Principles or The Spirit of Bandung (Dasasila Bandung) had changed the view of the world on international relations and changed the structure of the United Nations which was no longer mainly as a forum for the West or East.

Romance Island and Love Stone (Situ Patenggang Lake) in the area of tea plantations, Rancabali, West Java, Indonesia

Tea plantation Rancabali is stood at the height of 1628 meters above the sea level with a unique natural landscape of hills and winding tea plantations. Tea Plantation is located in the Patengan Village, Rancabali district, southern part of Bandung regency, not far from the tourist attraction White crater. Rancabali plantations had been established since 1870.

Expanse of the tea trees are neatly trimmed with a very cold air to give the unusual impression for the visitors. Rancabali village communities are still running the traditional lifestyle with a daily processing of two major commodities, tea and cinchona. Environmental tea plantation, factory, and simple Villagers life free from pollution.


Villager at the tea plantation


Tea plantations looks very beautiful and charming. The location right beside the road, which generally are in a position lower than a side road and the arrangement that is tightly, make these plantations as a fresh green carpet rugs with a cool atmosphere, beautiful and peaceful.


Beautiful Scenery of Tea Plantation location


Me at rancabali tea plantation


Rancabali Tea Plantation



There are also plant visit tour packages, for those who are interested to visit the tea factory in Rancabali. You will gain knowledge about the process of planting, breeding, land clearing, maintaining, picking cuts until tea processing.


Tea Plants in Patenggang lake area


The beauty of the green tea plantations integrated with a small waterfall at the edge of the terrace tree plants, located on the right road to the other tourist attractions, namely Situ Patenggang  (Patenggang Lake).

Situ Patenggang (or often called Situ patengan) is a beautiful lake located in the area of tea plantations in Ciwidey, West Java. You can feel the serenity and feel the cool mountain air that blows. Once, this area had been a nature reserve or national park, but in 1981 had officially turned into a tourist park.

To enjoy this attraction there are boat facilities that can be rented to go around to the small island that is in the middle of the lake that named Sasuka Island (Romance Island) . This island looks shady with many high trees that grow in it. While across the lake there is a pretty interesting location namely Love Stone.

Romance Island, and Love Stone are a tourist destination. According to the story, anyone that comes to the those area, and surround the Romance island will have a lasting love. This also might make the Love Stone, and Romance Island become a place that make curiousity of the tourists.


Legend of Situ Patenggang (Patenggang Lake)


The Legend story of love stone


The area has a legend or myth that tells about son of the king, and daughter of the goddess incarnations (Goddess Rengganis) that separated for a long time because of circumstances. Their tears formed a lake. Due to that, the lake was named “Situ Patenggang” (Patenggang Lake), which was taken from the word “pateangan-teangan” comes from the Sundanese language, that means looking to each other.

In the end they can be reunited in a place where there was a large stone, and that later, the stone was named Love Stone. Goddess Rengganis then asked her lover to make a lake and a boat for sailing. This island that until then had been a heart-shaped island, Sasaka Island (Island of romance).

It is said that anyone that ever been to that location with the lover, then their love will be eternal.


Amazing Scenery of Situ Patenggang (Patenggang Lake)
West Java-Indonesia


Small island in the middle of the lake “Sasuka Island” (Romance island)


Beautiful Nature!


Love Stone in Patenggang Lake


Boat that can be rented


The Scenery of Patenggang Lake from Love Stone Location


Me at The Love Stone location



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White Crater in Western Java, Indonesia

Bandung district has many sights that have beautiful scenery along the interesting legends. One of them, is in District Ciwidey located in Patuha Mountain in the south of Bandung, 46 km from Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Height of this mountain is 2434 meters above sea level. In this area, there is an interesting attraction, namely White crater which is used as an attractive tourism object.

White crater is a crater lake. In the lake grown the tree branches that make the lake more beautiful and interesting. Sights we will see in the crater is truly extraordinary.

White land that consisting of the sulfur is the reason why this crater is called White crater. The white ground is not flat like the mounds of land. The color of the crater water is  greenish, but the water colors can change, depending on the sunlight. We can touch the water that is warm but the water is also causing the smell of sulfur, so there is some point in this crater which is posted a warning not to get too close, to avoid the smoke of sulfur poisoning. Around it, there are some mountains already dry but there are also trees on that are still green.


Beautiful scenery in the lake of White Crater
Beautiful scenery in the lake of White Crater


Me at White Crater
Me at White Crater


Me at White crater
Me at White crater