Tag Archives: Animals

Living Animals

The beauty of Bunaken island that is recognized by UNESCO

Bunaken Island is famous for Forest Park in the middle of the ocean or sea which had entered the National Park and has the highest biodiversity in the world oceans.

Bunaken Island is located in the north of Sulawesi, precisely in the Bay of Manado, and is included the territory of Indonesia. The extent of approximately 8.08 km2, but if totalized, Bunaken island has an area of ??approximately 75,265 hectares with five islands in it, among others: the island of  Manado Tua, Siladen Island, Mantehage Island, Naen Island and some islands from Mantehage island protected within the Bunaken National Park.

 

Bunaken Island Wikipedia GNU Free Documentation License
Bunaken Island
Wikipedia
GNU Free Documentation License

 

The island of Bunaken to Manado Tua Island Source :Own work Author : Btv70  GNU Free Documentation License
The island of Bunaken to Manado Tua Island
Source : Wikipedia
Author : Btv70
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Bunaken National Park is representative for Indonesian tropical water ecosystems consisting of mangrove ecosystems, sea grass beds, coral reefs, land and coastal ecosystems.

The name “Bunaken” is known far abroad as one of the best dive sites in the world. Indonesia as a country with many islands in the world has plenty of magnificent beaches and marine biodiversity. In the Bunaken Marine Park the visitors will see the various forms of marine life which are beautiful and colorful.

 

Bunaken marine park at North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Source :Wikipedia Author : Borgx Public Domain
Bunaken marine park at North Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Source : Wikipedia
Author : Borgx
Public Domain

 

Bunaken Island lined up from the southeast to the northwest part of the island. In this region also exist Great Underwater Walls which are often called the Hanging Walls or giant rock walls that stand vertically and curved upward.

According to the records, there are about 91 species of fish and live in the Bunaken Marine Park, while coral reefs totaling 13 species domination by the majority of marine rocks.

There are 20 point dive for scuba diving that could be enjoyed by the visitors who want to get the sensation while swimming in the bottom of the sea with a variety of marine life around.

Other than that view of the ocean still can be seen not only through diving, but in a way by boarding semi submarine ships that can be found offshore Bunaken Island. This ships have walls of glass, so visitors can see the view of the sea.

Bunaken National Park was established in 1991 and on 2005 UNESCO made ??Bunaken becoming one of the world heritage and made the tourism in that area  more popular.

 

Bunaken Island sightseeing

 

Diving in Bunaken Marine Park 

 

 Location of Bunaken Island


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The facts about Komodo Dragons

Komodo Dragons (Varanus komodoensi) represent the world’s largest lizard species and live only on the islands Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Mota, and Gili Dasami in Lombok, Indonesia.

 

Komodo Dragon’s Habitat
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/609/gallery/
GNU Free Documentation License
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU,

 

Komodo Dragon
Author : Nhobgood
under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

The Komodo Dragon is the largest lizard in the world with an average length of 2-3 m and a weight up to 150 KG. The large size is related to enlargement tendency the growing body of certain animals that live on a small island because of the absence of carnivore mamals on the island where komodo live, and decreasing the rate of metabolism smaller dragon. Because of their size these lizards occupy the position of a top predator that dominate the ecosystems in which they live.

 

Komodo Dragons were eating
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Komodo Dragons were found by western researchers in 1910. Their bodies have great and amazing reputation which makes them popular in the zoos. Komodo Dragons in the wild habitat have been shrink by human activities and therefore IUCN inserted Komodo Dragons as a vulnerable species to extinction. The large lizard (komodo) is now protected under Indonesian law and a national park, namely Komodo National Park, established to protect them.

 

World Heritage Komodo
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/609/gallery/
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Having low abilities concerning hearing and vision, Komodo Dragons use the sense of smell as a primary food detector. They have a forked tongue for flavor processing through a special organ in the roof of their mouth, almost in the same way as snakes do. Komodo Dragons have large claws which enable them to climb on trees, additionally they are able to swim. On land they reach a speed up to 20 km/h. As cold blooded reptiles they like to heat up their bodies especially in the morning-time after having been cooled down in the colder nights.

The bites of these animals are very vulnerable because of the bacteria that live in the mouth of these lizards, but the researchers showed that the direct effect that appears at the bite wounds were caused by the entry of medium venom.

Komodo Dragon’s saliva also has a variety of deadly bacteria in it, if a bitten prey is not outright killed and can escape, the unlucky prey generally will die within a week because of the infection. The most deadly bacteria in the saliva of Komodo Dragons is the bacterium Pasteurella multocida which seems highly lethal, it is known through experiments in lab mices. Because the Komodo Dragon seemed immune to its own microbes, much research was done to find antibacterial molecules in the hope it can be used for human treatment.

 

Young Komodo Dragon feeding at a water buffalo corpse on Rinca
Source : http://www.einarsen.no/Indonesia/Flores/Flores.html (own work)
Author : Mats Stafseng Einarsen
Lisensi : Attribution required, Multi-license with GFDL and CC-BY 2.5

 

Komodo Dragons have inspired some of the most terrifying monsters in the history of some Hollywood movies.

The following  video  is  showing  the  whole  environment where Komodo  Dragons live,  also many  other  animals  that  live  on the islands.


Nature’s Perfect Predators- Komodo Dragon (by AnimalPlanetTV)

Interesting video about Komodo Dragons

Turtle Island, Tanjung Benoa Bali

Turtle Island is on the south part of the beautiful island Bali, small island for turtle breeding area located near Tanjung Benoa, Nusa Dua, both Islands are still connected to each other. There, you can see the turtle up close and play with other animals.

 

Tanjung Benoa with Nusa Dua in the background. Bali, Indonesia
Author : Merbabu
GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)

 

Several places nearby also provide adequate water sports activities such as Jetskiing, Parasailing, Banana Boat, Flying fish and other aquatic tourist that is close to Tanjung Benoa, about 20-30 minutes.

 

The atmosphere in Tanjung Benoa
GNU Free Documentation License (wikipedia)

 

To go to Turtle Island, you must hire a boat from Tanjung Benoa beach provided by the water sports operators. Admission into the Turtle Island is free, usually included the cost of boat transportation.

During the journey to Turtle Island, visitors can see directly the beauty of marine life, fish and beautiful coral reefs, from a specially designed ‘glass bottom’ boat. Inside the boat, is prepared bread to feed the fish. At a certain distance, the boat will stop and you can feed the fish.

 

 Feeding Fish from the boat

 

Arriving at Turtle Island, you can look straight to the pond of the turtle parents, and turtle babies are in the other pool. You will be given an explanation by the a local guide about breeding of turtles and turtles life.

 

Turtle parents

 

You can get into the pool and take pictures with them. Turtle moms have a very large size. You are advised not to make a stress the turtles, such as a lot of movements that can make them shocked and also not allowed to throw trash to the pond.

 

With big turtle

 

Big Turtles in the pond

 

Besides turtles, there are several other animals, such as birds, snakes, monkey, iguanas, bats, and much more. You can take photos directly with the animals.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

There is available a store that sells a variety of souvenirs from Turtle Island.

 

 Location of Turtle Island


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Sumatran tigers are nearly extinct!

Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is one of five subspisies tiger (Panthera tigris) in the world that still survive. Including the endangered Sumatran tigers which are also the only sub-species of tigers that still belongs to Indonesia after the two brothers, Bali tiger (Panthera tigris balica) and Java Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) declared extinct.

These animals can only be found on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Population of them that are living in the wild is estimated to 400-500. Sumatran tigers more rare and are categorized as endangered species. There are at least 250 Sumatran tigers that kept in zoos worldwide.

The impact of destruction of forests by APP is not only devastating the environment but also threaten the Sumatran tigers balance. Sumatran forest destruction by APP to supply the pulp and paper industries which also used for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.

 

Sumatra-Tiger in German Zoo in Augsburg
Photographer : Werner Gut (http://www.wernergut.de/)

 

This rare cat could live anywhere, from lowland forests to mountain forest and lived in many places which not protected. Sumatran tigers are the smallest tiger subspecies, have the darkest color among all the other tiger subspecies, the black pattern of them sized width and tightly.

 

Panthera Tigris Sumatrae , German Zoo in  Frankfurt 
Author : From de.wikipedia, originally uploaded by en: User: Wilfred
Photographer / Source: Petra Karstedt

 

Their small size makes it easier to move through the jungle. There is a membrane in between the fingers that make them able to swim fast. Tigers are known to drive hoofed prey into the water, especially if the prey animal is a slow swimmer. This cat patiently stalking their prey before attacking from behind or the side. They eat anything that can be captured, generally boar and deer, and sometimes poultry, fish, and orangutans. They are also able to swim and climb a tree when hunting prey.

Male Sumatran tiger has the average length of 92 inches from the head to tail with a weight of 300 pounds. Females average 78 inches in length and weighs 200 pounds. Sumatran tiger stripes are thinner than other tiger subspecies. This subspecies also had more beard hair and mane than other subspecies, especially the male tiger.

Sumatran tiger can live up to 10-15 years. females generally start breeding at 3-4 years of age. The gestation period lasts between 95-110 days. Females can give birth to six babies, but normally is 2-3 babies. Their fur change color to dark green when giving birth. The babies will stay with their mother until the age of 18-24 months until they are able to be independent in nature.

Sumatran tiger food depending where they live and how abundant prey. Sumatran tigers are generally solitary except during mating season and will be together with female and their children.

 

 

The main threats for Sumatran tigers are habitat destructions and hunting. Deforestation continues even in the national park that should protect them. Recorded 66 tigers were killed between 1998 and 2000.

In the effort to rescue the Sumatran tiger from extinction,  Taman Safari Indonesia (Indonesian Safari Park) is appointed by the 20 zoos in the world as the Sumatran tigers Breeding Center, “studbook keeper” and sperm storage (Genome Bank Rescue) for Sumatran tigers. An expert from the Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG), Kathy Traylor-Holzer said that the genetic purity of Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) are highest in the conservation agencies of Taman Safari Indonesia which is located in West Java.  That statement presented at the “Global Species Management System” (GSMS) for Sumatran tigers, which was held at the Royal Safari Garden Hotel.

Experts from Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG) said that from more or less 100 zoos in Japan, only four zoos that have Sumatran tigers and the number are only seven left.

While in the European region there are 104 Sumatran tigers, in the North American Region there are 69, Australia 51 and in Indonesia zoos there are 96. According to Kathy Traylor-Holzer, Sumatran tigers at Taman Safari Indonesia has the highest genetic purity which reached 93.3 percent.

 

Sumatran Tiger at Melbourne Zoo
Author : Merbabu
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Outside of Indonesia, she said that the genetic purity to the highest Sumatran tigers held by the North American region that is equal to 89.8 percent, then Europe with 86.9 percent, Australia 86.2 percent and Japan with 77.8 percent. She also said that the genetic purity is necessary to protect the existence of Sumatran tigers at the zoo.

Drs. Manansang Jansen, MSc, President SEAZA (Association of Zoos South-East Asia) also said that genetic purity of the Sumatran tigers that achieved by Taman Safari Indonesia  is possible, because they manage the population of Sumatran tigers strictly.

Taman Safari Indonesia will be pleased to assist purification genetic of Sumatra tigers in zoos around the world, but the tiger which will be sent, must fulfill license that set by the laws of Indonesia. Beside that, the Sumatran tigers that would be sent, have to be from the breeding, not from wildlife.

 

Tiger park safari Indonesia (Taman Safari Indonesia)
Public domain

 

 

 

Sumatra Island, and some location of the Sumatran tigers


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The following text was translated from the Indonesian source: http://www.greenpeace.or.id/, naskah diterbitkan pada 26 Juli, 2011

The Tiger driven out from their home

In early July, a year ago, there was a sad news. Sumatran tiger “The King of the jungle” died in a tragic way. This incident documented by Greenpeace when The Tiger was trying to be saved by a team of Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA) Riau-Sumatra. The tiger died in his own territory, which later the place changed into Acacia plantations, owned by APP, Pulp and paper giant company that continues to destroy Indonesia’s forests.

This sad video showing the price that have to be paid by wildlife for their home that missing.

The Sumatran tiger was found already trapped for 7 days. Forest officials arrived to give him a sedative, tried to save and evacuate him, but the Sumatran tigers could not be saved.

The impact of destruction forests by APP is not only devastated but also threaten climate balance of Sumatran tiger. Destruction forest by APP is to supply the pulp and paper for some industries which also used them for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.

Our video evidence is increasingly clear that APP did not care about the environment and even destroyed it, the evidence is also increasingly clear that a variety of “sustainable label” that carried by APP highly should be doubted, the credibility of forest certification organization such as the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) is also questionable. PEFC certify ‘sustainable’ to paper products throughout the world, but by many parties repeatedly criticized for their relationship with APP. Extremely surprising, products that contain natural forest timber, which is taken from the dead tiger habitat can be certified by PEFC.

PT Arara Abadi – tigertrapped
Location of tiger habitat clearing by APP. located within the concession13 km, Sumatra, tiger caught in animal traps. © Melvinas Priananda / Greenpeace

Last month Greenpeace used forensic tests to reveal the manufacture of toys, like Barbie and Transformer produced by Hasbro, Mattel and Disney which use packaging from deforestation in Indonesia. This study also used the guide field investigations, mapping data, which reveal newest evidence of destruction natural forests and peat on the island of Sumatra by APP.

Write and send a letter to Mattel to stop forest destruction in Indonesia!

Give education to the future generations not to destroy the future of Indonesia’s forests.
Greenpeace campaigns for protecting forests in Indonesia. Including habitat of endangered tigers.


We please you to sign a petition by Greenpeace on this page: www.greenpeace.org/canada/tigers/
to support the Indonesian Sumatra-Tigers!

Paradise Birds from Eastern of Indonesia

Birds of Paradise that are typical of Papuan birds, Indonesian peoples call them by the name Cenderawasih, especially males, they have a beautiful hair like an angel coming down from heaven with a very beautiful fur.
Birds of Paradise are collection of bird species that are grouped in families Paradisaeidae derived from the word Paradise.

Birds that found only in eastern Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, and eastern Australia consists of 14 genus and about 43 species, 30 species of them can be found in Indonesia, 28 species of them living on the island of Papua. Indonesia is a country with the largest numbers of the Cenderawasih species.

The Birds of Paradise have a beautiful fur characteristics possessed by the male birds. Generally light-colored fur with a combination of several colors like black, brown, red, orange, yellow, white, blue, green and purple and the size of the birds are various.

 

Bird of Paradise

 

Bird of Paradise

The beauty of fur from male used to attract the opposite sex. To attract the attention of females that are willing are invited mating, the male bird will show off fur to make beautiful dances. While singing on the branches, swaying with different movements in different directions.
Sometimes even up hanging upside down rely on branches. However, each species of Cenderawasih would have their own dances.

Populations of birds of Cenderawasih in Papua are endangered. The road project workers and employers in the area of forest often hunted birds for sale, either because of low salaries or for other reasons they often slept in the woods to catch the birds. The price a dead bird of Cenderawasih can be up to millions of rupiah in foreign countries, much higher for those which are still alive.
There are 11 types of Cenderawasih that are still roam in 13 districts in Papua, but has not been recorded. One time the population of Cenderawasih in Papua would be extinct. The reason is, there is no proper maintenance and care, while the forests in Papua from year to year continues to be cleared (deforestation).

Bird of paradise (from Wikipedia) in Indonesia

 

Lesser Bird of paradise

Lesser Bird of Paradise by Roderick Eime.
en:Image:BOP 0004-i.jpg by en:User:Rodeime
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Brown Sicklebill ( Epimachus meyeri )

Epimachus meyeri Papua New Guinea male
Creator markaharper1, for Wikipedia
The Creative CommonsAttribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.

 

Ribbon-tailed Astrapia

Ribbon-tailed Astrapia (Astrapia mayeri) juvenile (male)
Author : pomfoto
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic

 

Ribbon-tailed Astrapia mayeri with long tail, Papua New Guinea
Creator : markaharper1 for Wikipedia
Licensed under the Creative CommonsAttribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic

 

King Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Raja)

King Bird of paradise (Cicinnurus regius)
Creator Doug Janson
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Red Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Merah)

Red Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea rubra)
License GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)

 

Female Red Bird of Paradise
Creator : Doug Janson
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Paradisaea rubra
GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)

 

 Raggiana Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Raggiana)

Raggiana_Bird of Paradise
Author : markaharper1
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic

 

Raggiana Adult Male Bird of Paradise
Author : Photo by Brian McNab
This file is the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 General

 

 Greater Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Kuning-besar)

Greater Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea apoda)
Author : Andrea Lawardi
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

Greater Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea apoda). Male at Bali Bird Park.
Author : Andrea Lawardi
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

Twelve-wired Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Mati-Kawat)

Twelve-wired Bird of Paradise (Seleucidis melanoleuca)
GNU Free Documentation License. (Wikipedia)

 

Paradise-crow (Cenderawasih Gagak)

Paradise-crow
Author : Richard Bowdler Sharpe for Wikipedia

 

Superb Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Kerah)

A male Superb Bird of Paradise in Papua New Guinea.
Author : markaharper1
Creative Commons Deroadenn-Kentanna 2,0 Hollek

 

Superb Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Kerah)

A male King of Saxony Bird of Paradise in Papua New Guinea.
Author : markaharper1
licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license.

 

Wilson’s Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Botak)

Wilson’s Bird of Paradise
Author : Serhanoksay
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Blue Bird-of-paradise (Cenderawasih Biru)

Blue Bird-of-paradise (Paradisaea rudolphi)
Author : Richard Bowdler Sharpe

 

The most famous birds of paradise, are the member of the genus Paradisaea, including species of large yellow of paradise, Paradisaea apoda. This species is described from specimens were taken to Europe from trading expeditions. The specimen was prepared by native traders by removing the wings and legs in order to be decorated. It is not known by the explorers and lead to the belief that these birds never landed but remain in the air because of feathers. This is the origin of the name bird of paradiseand apoda name which means no legs.

Birds of paradise without legs
Author : John Johnston
Wikipedia

 

Communities in Papua often wear fur Bird of Paradise (Cenderawasih), in their dress and customs, and a few centuries ago, fur were important for making women’s hats in Europe. Hunting fur and habitat destruction causes a decrease in the number of Cenderawasih in a few species, endangered their species, also their habitats. Deforestation is still a major threat.

 

Paradisaea apoda (Cenderawasih Kuning-besar)
This image was copied from wikipedia: en. The original description was:
Birds Paradise ff (Greater Bird of Paradise, Wilson’s Bird of Paradise)
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

 


Lihat Peta Lebih Besar

In both videos the music is played by gamelan-orchestras which is typical for Java.

Komodo Island Indonesia

Komodo Island is an island located in the Nusa Tenggara island, Eastern part of Indonesia. The island is known as the Komodo dragon habitat for native animals. This island is the Komodo National Park which managed by the Central Government. Komodo Island is located in the eastern of the island Sumbawa, which is the western end of East Nusa Tenggara Province, bordering the province of West Nusa Tenggara.
On this island, komodo animals live and breed well. In this island there are about 1,318 in number. There is also another island, such as the nearby island of  Rinca Island which a habitat for native animals of ancient komodo. Rinca island also became one of the of the island which belong to the Komodo National Park.

 

Rinca Island
Author Amelia Samulo, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Why komodo island more famous? That is because the island of Komodo was the place where the first komodo discovered  by Dutch Lieutenant, Steyn van Hens Broek in the early 20th century, and later named by the name of that animal.

Besides the two large islands, there are two other islands are included in Komodo National Park, and became komodo habitat, that  are : 1. Gili Motang Island, with 68 populated komodo, and 2. Pulau Padar, populated 86 komodo.

 

Gili Motang Island
Lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.

 

Padar Island
Lisensi-Creative-Commons-Attribution-ShareAlike-3.0..jpg

 

Every tourists who visit the island of Komodo would be taken to travel to Rinca Island. In this island tourists will be invited to explore the tracks along the 2 km-8 km to visit komodo habitat, as well as on the Komodo Island. Track length and duration of the trip depends on the choice of tourists.

In komodo native habitat, visitors must be accompanied by tour guides (rangers) who are trained to deal with komodo. Tourists are also highly discouraged out of the group.

If we look at a glance, we might think komodo are lazy animals. Komodo also prefer silent or walking slowly. In fact, they can run at speeds 16 miles-18 miles per hour when chasing prey. They also can swim up to 500 meters. Tail and fangs are the power of them. Komodo classified as vicious animals. They are very sensitive to the smell of blood, even smell the blood within 5 km and are also sensitive to sudden movement and noise. If they have the disorder, komodo can be agitated and aggressive.

When face the attack from komodo, the ranger will hit the ancient animal’s neck with branches sticks which he always carried. Try not to get hurt when tracking or walking around.

Planning determination of the Komodo National Park as the New Seven Wonders of Nature in mid-May 2012 will make Komodo Island will be known around the world and is expected to attract more local and foreign tourists.

 

Komodo Island
Author : Liam Clancy
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 2.0 Generik

 

Beach in Komodo Island
Author : Yuli and friends

 

Sunset in Komodo Island
Author : Yuli and friends

 

Komodo National Park
Photographer : The World Heritage Collection (Wikipedia)
Lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

 

Dragon Komodo
Author : Yuli and friends

 



 

 

Flower Island Borneo

Still from the rest of the way of a floating market, Right in the middle of the river Barito, there is a land called and known by the name, Pulau Kembang (Flower Island)

According to the story of the island that is Barito river delta, the Island is called Flower Island because of the island that just a form of land, was growing more and more covered with plants. The island is covered with plants typical of Borneo, and is currently populated by many species of monkeys including the long-tailed monkey. Among them of course there is the king of monkeys, which have a larger body. In this place also has a place for worship of the ethnic Chinese, where there is a shrine with a statue replica of the white monkey/Hanuman.

Before coming to this island, It’s better to keep  our small items in the bag, such as glasses, hats, watches, cameras, if not it will be taken by the monkeys and better prepare snacks to be given to the monkeys. Small foods such as peanuts and bananas we could buy there too, which is sold by the local people, which use the chance to make a living. The monkeys on this island is very aggressive, because they are starving …. Very sad!

 At the worship place of the ethnic Chinese

Monkeys Forest

Feeding monkeys

Felt sorry for them 🙁

Carried one of them 🙂

Borneo Island, Indonesia

(Update on April 16, 2013)

Borneo (Kalimantan) is one of the major islands in the world that is located in southeast of the Malay Peninsula in the larger Sunda group of Malays. The island is bounded by the South China Sea (northwest) and, Sulu Sea, Sulawesi Makassar Strait and the Java Sea. Largest political segment of the island is Indonesian (until 1949 the Netherlands). In 1963 joined the federation of Malaysia and among them the Islamic Sultanate (empire) of Brunei. The Population of the island in 1990 were estimated at 12.305 million, which had 8.911 million Kalimantan, Sabah, Sarawak 3.135 million, and Brunei 259.000.

 

Most of the area of Borneo belongs to Indonesia


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Borneo is mountainous and largely covered by rain forest. Mount Kinabalu, in the far northeast, extending southwest of the island to the Crocker Range, Nieuwenhuis and Muller mountains. Most of Borneo, supplied by the river navigable, often survive only with the trade. Equatorial climate is hot and humid with a fairly distinct division into two seasons, the rainy season between October and March and a relatively dry and cool in the summer for rest of the year.

The average rainfall is about 150 inches (3800 mm) a year. Both the flowers and fauna of Borneo population very varied. They include Rafflesia (the largest flower in the world), orangutan and gibbon, leopard, elephant, rhinoceros, and many insects. Kinabalu and Gunung Mulu National Parks are conservation areas where protected species of animals, are nurtured back to a healthy population.

In the districts of Sarawak, Kalimantan and Sabah, tourists can visit Orangutan Rehabilitation Centers where many of the animals that have been orphaned or rescued in some way, are prepared for release back into the Borneo rainforest. Many of Borneo’s wildlife sanctuaries run volunteer projects lasting from 2 weeks to 3-6 months, were volunteers can be directly involved in preserving these precious animals. The island is not only inhabited by Malay standards but by variable population. This includes Dayak, Dayak people on Wikipedia (These people were the ancestors to Borneo’s diverse peoples that are today known collectively as Dayaks, and developed in their each environment), Malay Muslims, Chinese and small part of Europe.

More about Borneo (Kalimantan) on Wikipedia