Ubud Monkey Forest (Wanara Wana) is a nature reserve and temple complex in Ubud-Bali. This park is home to approximately 340 monkeys which are known as long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Ubud Monkey Forest is a sacred popular tourist attraction in Ubud and often visited by over 10,000 tourists per month.
Padangtegal Wenara Wana Ubud Monkey Forest Foundation and the villagers of PadangTegal work together to manage and operate Ubud Monkey Forest, and also to maintain the sanctity of the park and promote the holy site as a tourist destination.
The Monkey Forest attractions are located in Pakraman Padangtegal Ubud Village and have a total area of 10 hectares is the focus for the tourist, because this area has many forms of behavior patterns of nature and life with the religious atmosphere. In addition to the forest and see monkeys living directly in the wild, tourists who come there can also see that there are three temples in the jungle Monkey Forest tourism which is known by the worlwide, related with indigenous communities Padangtegal. The reason comes from an emotional connection in which this structure is a paradise where the Pura Desa Adat Padangtegal as a “source of sanctity” of the other temples there, named Pura (Temple) Agung Dalem.
Pura Dalem Agung is located in the southwest of the local forest. This temple is the main attraction in the hills of Padangtegal and is the most important place in the forest. In this area also exist Prajapati temple, the place where cremation is located in the east and along the parameter funeral are held. With the daily activities of people who live in traditional and religious ways, make the Monkey Forest has an area for tourism as cultural attractions.
In the monkey forest area there is also the Holy Spring Temple. In this Holy Spring temple you can make a wish by throwing a coin into the fish pond. The existence of Monkey Forest attraction development began around 1970. Conditions were much different at this time. At first the forest which full of monkeys did not get much attention. Box of donation is provided for contributing in financing and maintaining area.
The number of tourists that visit who want to see monkeys in the region make Monkey Forest in Bali become very popular. Further development in an effort to preserve the existence of attraction started with the enactment of admission tickets to the visitor and the price is very affordable.
At the entrance visitors can buy bananas to give to hundreds of monkeys in the jungle. Monkeys here are more benign than the monkeys in different places like in Uluwatu and Sangeh, because the guards routinely feed them 3 times a day. Upon entering the Monkey Forest tourism area or the Ubud Monkey Forest, visitors or tourists will be treated to views of lush forests. A river running through the woods adds to the attractions. Most visitors were attracted by the activities from various of monkeys in the forest.
Hundreds of gray monkeys in the forest are divided into five major groups which have territorial and have a different leader. Between one group to another group, monkeys live apart within the limits of their territory. If a monkey passed through to the other monkey boundaries, there will be a fight between groups of monkeys. The seriousness of the traditional village to manage this attraction can be seen from the more professional treatment of the area.
The Monkey Forest in this case not only as a tourist attraction, but traditional villager are now trying to open the tourism region to develop the existing village. One way is to establish the Center for Data and Information Padangtegal Indigenous Village.
Monkey Forest in addition to the attraction is also a center for research and conservation. The monkeys are in that place not only as a spectacle, but also as an important component in spiritual and community life which is also used as a research site of research institutions around the world.
From the results of studies that have been carried out, the monkeys are often nomadic. Each group has its own life. Group leader is always followed by the members. Monkeys Bali are mostly females (matrilines) while the male monkeys usually migrate.