Tag Archives: Indonesia

Items about Indonesia: art, geography, people …

“Gadang House”, The traditional house of Minang (Minangkabau) in Sumatera Island

Rumah gadang (Gadang House) is a traditional house that is the result of Minangkabau ethnic cultures who live in Bukit Barisan, along the western coast of central Sumatra island. Just as the house in the equatorial regions, rumah gadang generally built on pilings (the stage) has cavity at the bottom which is high enough so can provide fresh air especially in the summer.

 

Bukit Barisan
Bukit Barisan

 

In addition, Gadang house built lined up according to the direction of the wind from the north to the south in order to be free from the sun and wind.
Roof that is tapered is a typical architecture that distinguishes it from other tribes building in equatorial latitudes that.

 

Gadang Palace Freddy's doc.
Gadang Palace
Freddy’s doc.

 

Gadang houses have characteristic which are very distinctive. Essentially a form is quadrangle of beams that expands upward. Sharp lines and gentle curved sectional with lower middle part. Curved roofs are very sharp like buffalo horns, while the form of the house curved and  ramps like the ship hull. Roofs made from palm fiber.

 

Gadang roof Freddy's doc.
Gadang roof
Freddy’s doc.

 

If it is seen in terms of its function, Gadang houses show the adjustment to the tropical nature. Useful roof taper to release sediment on fibers that are layered, so that rain water will glide quickly on its roof.

Gadang highly exalted even considered sacred. As the venerable and considered sacred every person who come into gadang house would wash his feet first down the stairs. There is provided a wide flat rock, called “Batu Telapakan” which is also a place of water from rock called “Cibuk Meriau” and a bucket of water from the wood named “Taring Berpanto”.

Minangkabau society harmonize life in a natural, harmonious and dynamic, so that their life embraced dialectical theory which they call “bakarano bakajadian” (causal and effect), conflict and balance. Their work which menumental like rumah gadang also contains that philosophy.

 

About West Sumatera

Location of  Bukit Barisan in Sumatera Island


View Larger Map

 

More information about this house can be seen at Rumah Gadang (Wikipedia)

Saman Dance, one of the world cultural heritage from Indonesia

Saman dance is the dance from Gayo (Gayonese) Aceh, northern Sumatra island. Named Saman dance because it was created by a clerics named Sheikh Saman in XIV century AD from the highlands of Gayo. Saman dance is reflection of education, religion, manners, heroism, teamwork and togetherness.

 

Saman dance, from Aceh Source : id:Tari Saman Author : Fajriboy GNU Free Documentation License.
Saman dance, from Aceh
Source : id:Tari Saman
Author : Fajriboy
GNU Free Documentation License.

 

Saman dance uses two basic element movements, which are the applauses and a pat on the chest. In  Saman dance, after sometime the rhythm and movements  become faster and makes the Saman Dance more interesting.

Traditional clothing for Saman dance are shirt and trouser, hat-shaped rolls, and a scabbard (sarong) and they are colorful. Clothes have to slightly loose in order to dance freely.
And there is still sarong worn below the belly with variety kinds of belts.

Saman dance is not only popular in Indonesia but also overseas and  it is often played in foreign countries.

On November 24, 2011 UNESCO officially recognized Aceh’s traditional Saman Dance as an intangible element of world cultural heritage, which needs UNESCO’s urgent protection

The ASEAN Tourism Association (ASEANTA) named on Saman Dance as the best ASEAN cultural preservation effort at the 25th ASEANTA Awards for Excellence 2012 (Wikipedia).

 

Saman Dance – Gayonese Traditional Dance – Sumatra, Indonesia

 

Saman Dance by UNESCO

“Garuda Wisnu Kencana” (GWK), Cultural Park in Bali, Indonesia

Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park or commonly abbreviated as GWK, is a tourist park in the southern island of Bali that is located in Unggasan Hill, Jimbaran, Nusa Dua Cape, Badung regency, approximately 40 kilometers in Southern Denpasar.

Garuda Wisnu Kencana is above the limestone plateau, in height 146 meters above the ground surface or 263 meters above the sea surface. In the area of the cultural park is planned to set up a landmark of Bali, that is a giant statue of Vishnu God riding a Garuda (Big Eagle) and is as high as 12 meters. This giant statue is the work of renowned sculptor Bali, I Nyoman Nuarta. This monument was developed as park of culture and become an icon for tourism in Bali and Indonesia. Garuda Wisnu Kencana is the manifestation of modern culture and ancient traditions.

 

Garuda Wisnu Kencana Statue, not finished…

 

Garuda Wisnu Kencana is the largest mega project in Bali, plans to build the statue as high as 146 meters, with 66 meter eagle wingspan, estimated to have weighed 4000 tons. From the total land area of 200 hectares are planned, currently is managed 100 acres, and work is completed only about 15%  up to now and newly completed the half-body statue of Vishnu God, Garuda bird’s head, and hands of Vishnu. Although only a small part of manufacture, but it already looked magnificent and beautiful.

Garuda Wisnu Kencana seems to be a mega project in Bali. Statue of Vishnu God is planned to be built with the position of riding Garuda. Mega projects that is planned to be completed within 10 years (1995-2005) run into congestion, and its development can be seen in a few years ago, now only half-formed head and body of Lord Vishnu and Garuda bird’s head. In 2009, the hands of Vishnu God had been sent to the location of GWK. Planned that when all components have been fully completed and sent to the location, the location of the statue which is currently half-finished, will be be moved to the appointed place, all components will be assembled and will be formed as the Statue of Garuda Wisnu Kencana in accordance to the replica.

 

Vishnu God Statue, also not finished yet..

 

Statue of Vishnu, the Hindus god is the Preserver god (Sthiti), the keeper of universe, who rides the eagle bird. A masterpiece inspired by the story of Adi Parwa, in the episode about devotion and sacrifice of the eagle bird to save his mother from slavery then the bird serve to Vishnu God to be his vehicle that finally is protected by him.

 

Cultural park Garuda Wisnu Kencana

 

This statue has a visibility of up to 20 km, so this place can be seen from Kuta, Sanur, Nusa Dua to Tanah Lot and is made from a mixture of copper, brass and steel, in certain parts will be coated with a mosaic of gold weighing 4,000 tons. With a height of 75 meters and 60 meters wide it will show the size of an eagle’s head that is really very big. It’s hard to imagine that eventually the whole form of eagle will become very big, but this project had been halted due to funding problems.

When the statue GWK is completed, it will be the biggest and highest statue in the world, exceeding the statue of Liberty in United States that it height is 46 meters and weight 204 tons.

Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue is expected to stimulate the balance, so the natural harmony can be created. Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue is a symbol of environmental and world rescue mission. Cultural park is also to educate people, especially the younger generation to preserve the national heritage.

 

Garuda Wisnu Kencana Plaza hall at southern Bali

 

Cultural park in GWK location

 

 Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park Bali, Indonesia

 


View Larger Map

Ulun Danu Bratan, Bedugul, another beautiful attraction place in Bali

Bedugul is a tourist attraction that is no less interesting with other places in Bali. Located in the hills with a very cool weather, in the village of Yellow Temple, Baturit subdistrict, Tabanan district, approximately 45 km away from the center of the district (Tabanan), and the distance 50 km from Denpasar town to the northern region, following the temple area highway to go to the place which is located on the edge of Bratan/Beratan lake, the second largest lake in Bali. Boats are also rented for the visitors who want to enjoy the beauty of the lake.

 

Ulun Danu Bratan Temple
Photographer : Anton Raharja

 

Ulun Danu Bratan lake, Bedugul, Bali

 

As well as the other tourist attractions in Bali there are also some Hindus temples as a venue for religious events in this location. The famous temple in this place is “Ulun Danu (Ulun Lake) Temple” or is also named as a “Ulun Danu Bratan” temple.

 

Ulun Danu Bratan temple in the middle of the lake

 

Scenery of Ulun Danu bratan lake and the temple

 

The temple is characterized by the existence of several levels (11 levels) on the top of temple. The form of the temple can be  described as a tower  building , where the lowest level has the largest size. Each level has a special function for worship, level 11 for Vishnu, level 7 for Brahma and level 3 for Shiva (Hindus God).

 

Ulun Danu Bratan Temple area

 

Ulun Danu Bratan temple

 

Ulun Danu Bratan consist of 4 complex of the temples, that are: “Linga Petak” temple, “Pucak Penataran Mangu” temple, Terate Bang temple, and “Dalem Purwa” temple, which all functioning as a place of worship to The God in their manifestation as a Tri Murti (Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu) in order to invoke the grace of fertility, prosperity, human well-being and sustainability of the universe. The Hindus who is came there also for praying to “Danu Goddess”, the Goddess of water, to ask for fertility. Ulun Danu Bratan is known as a center of Balinese irrigation.

 

waiting for the sunset…

 

In the front left yard of  Ulun Danu Bratan, there are sarcophagus and stone board that are came from megalithic era around 500 BC. At this moment both artifacts are placed on the top of Babaturan or terrace which is estimated as the location of  Ulun Danu Temple and had been used as a place of ritual activities since the time of the ancient megalithic. Religious ritual ceremony still continues to this day.

 

Ceremony of Hinduism religion (customary of Bali) at Ulun Danu Bratan

 

Ceremony of Hinduism religion (customary of Bali) at Ulun Danu Bratan

 

Ceremony of Hinduism religion (Bali Customs) at Ulun Danu Bratan Bedugul Bali

 

Ulun Danu Temple and Bratan Lake

 


View Larger Map

“Tanah Lot” One of the Fantastic places in Bali, Indonesia

Tanah Lot is one of the famous sights on the island of Bali,  located in the Village Beraban, Kediri District, Tabanan Regency. The distance is about 13 km to the west of the city of Tabanan. From Ngurah Rai airport can be reached in less than 1 hours drive.

 

Temple on the big rock in the middle of the sea
Photographer : Anton Raharja

 

Temple on the big rock was behind me

 

Tanah Lot is a tourist attraction in Bali that offers the natural beauty of the sunset. The uniqueness of Pura Tanah Lot is that the place is located in the middle of the sea about 300 meters from the beach which also there is the large rock with a large cave in the middle of it.

 

The Cave in the middle of the rock

 

The Cave, also the place  for Hindu religious ceremony, worship to the guardians God of the sea.

 

Here there are two temples located at the top of the large rock. One is located at the top of the boulder which, when the tide is high the temple will be seen surrounded by sea water and the other one is located on the north on the top of the cliff, jutting into the sea. This cliff becomes a liaison between the temple in the middle of the sea and the mainland which is shaped like a curved bridge.

Pura (Temple) Tanah Lot as a temple in the middle of the sea is the worship place to the guardian gods of  the sea. Usually visitors will come in the afternoon to see the beautiful sunset.

 

On the rock, at Tanah lot location

 

Tanah Lot is derived from  the word “Tanah” that is interpreted as the land, and “Lot” means the sea. So Tanah Lot interpreted as the land that is in the middle of the sea. Pura Tanah Lot was founded in the 15th century by a Hindus priest named Nirartha from the Kingdom of Majapahit (on Java Island) on his way to spread the Hindu religion from the land of Java in the 16th century. Before giving the instructions to set up a temple in this place, he felt the vibrations of purity and obtained spiritual perfection.

According to the Legend, Danghyang Nirartha who successfully strengthened the confidence of the local community about the teachings of Hinduism, the sacred leader in that place named Bendesa Beraban felt threatened because many of his followers became followers of Danghyang Nirarta. Then Bendesa ordered Danghyang Nirartha to leave Tanah Lot.

He agreed but before leaving the Tanah Lot, with all his strength he moved the stone blocks to the middle of the beach and built the temples there. He also changed his scarf into a snake as a temple guardians. The snakes are still exist to this day and they are species of sea snakes that have a characteristic flat tail like a fish, striped black and yellow color. Bendesa Beraban was amazed and later became followers of Danghyang Nirartha.

In some small tunnels in the vicinity of the barrier reef of Pura Tanah Lot are places where the striped snakes that are benign are located and trusted by society as the guardian of the temple. Around the temple there are freshwater springs which can be seen during low tide. The existence of the spring water had been a major consideration when this place was chosen as the location of the temple.

 

Beautiful Scenery of Tanah Lot
Photographer : Anton Raharja

 

Tanah Lot currently is managed professionally, equipped with various facilities. Entrance fee includes accident insurance and for every vehicle that enters the Tanah Lot location, accident insurance is directly covered by the pay parking fees.

 

 

Beautiful Sunset of Tanah Lot Bali

 


View Larger Map

Komodo Island Indonesia

Komodo Island is an island located in the Nusa Tenggara island, Eastern part of Indonesia. The island is known as the Komodo dragon habitat for native animals. This island is the Komodo National Park which managed by the Central Government. Komodo Island is located in the eastern of the island Sumbawa, which is the western end of East Nusa Tenggara Province, bordering the province of West Nusa Tenggara.
On this island, komodo animals live and breed well. In this island there are about 1,318 in number. There is also another island, such as the nearby island of  Rinca Island which a habitat for native animals of ancient komodo. Rinca island also became one of the of the island which belong to the Komodo National Park.

 

Rinca Island
Author Amelia Samulo, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Why komodo island more famous? That is because the island of Komodo was the place where the first komodo discovered  by Dutch Lieutenant, Steyn van Hens Broek in the early 20th century, and later named by the name of that animal.

Besides the two large islands, there are two other islands are included in Komodo National Park, and became komodo habitat, that  are : 1. Gili Motang Island, with 68 populated komodo, and 2. Pulau Padar, populated 86 komodo.

 

Gili Motang Island
Lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.

 

Padar Island
Lisensi-Creative-Commons-Attribution-ShareAlike-3.0..jpg

 

Every tourists who visit the island of Komodo would be taken to travel to Rinca Island. In this island tourists will be invited to explore the tracks along the 2 km-8 km to visit komodo habitat, as well as on the Komodo Island. Track length and duration of the trip depends on the choice of tourists.

In komodo native habitat, visitors must be accompanied by tour guides (rangers) who are trained to deal with komodo. Tourists are also highly discouraged out of the group.

If we look at a glance, we might think komodo are lazy animals. Komodo also prefer silent or walking slowly. In fact, they can run at speeds 16 miles-18 miles per hour when chasing prey. They also can swim up to 500 meters. Tail and fangs are the power of them. Komodo classified as vicious animals. They are very sensitive to the smell of blood, even smell the blood within 5 km and are also sensitive to sudden movement and noise. If they have the disorder, komodo can be agitated and aggressive.

When face the attack from komodo, the ranger will hit the ancient animal’s neck with branches sticks which he always carried. Try not to get hurt when tracking or walking around.

Planning determination of the Komodo National Park as the New Seven Wonders of Nature in mid-May 2012 will make Komodo Island will be known around the world and is expected to attract more local and foreign tourists.

 

Komodo Island
Author : Liam Clancy
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 2.0 Generik

 

Beach in Komodo Island
Author : Yuli and friends

 

Sunset in Komodo Island
Author : Yuli and friends

 

Komodo National Park
Photographer : The World Heritage Collection (Wikipedia)
Lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

 

Dragon Komodo
Author : Yuli and friends

 



 

 

Romance Island and Love Stone (Situ Patenggang Lake) in the area of tea plantations, Rancabali, West Java, Indonesia

Tea plantation Rancabali is stood at the height of 1628 meters above the sea level with a unique natural landscape of hills and winding tea plantations. Tea Plantation is located in the Patengan Village, Rancabali district, southern part of Bandung regency, not far from the tourist attraction White crater. Rancabali plantations had been established since 1870.

Expanse of the tea trees are neatly trimmed with a very cold air to give the unusual impression for the visitors. Rancabali village communities are still running the traditional lifestyle with a daily processing of two major commodities, tea and cinchona. Environmental tea plantation, factory, and simple Villagers life free from pollution.

 

Villager at the tea plantation

 

Tea plantations looks very beautiful and charming. The location right beside the road, which generally are in a position lower than a side road and the arrangement that is tightly, make these plantations as a fresh green carpet rugs with a cool atmosphere, beautiful and peaceful.

 

Beautiful Scenery of Tea Plantation location

 

Me at rancabali tea plantation

 

Rancabali Tea Plantation

 

 

There are also plant visit tour packages, for those who are interested to visit the tea factory in Rancabali. You will gain knowledge about the process of planting, breeding, land clearing, maintaining, picking cuts until tea processing.

 

Tea Plants in Patenggang lake area

 

The beauty of the green tea plantations integrated with a small waterfall at the edge of the terrace tree plants, located on the right road to the other tourist attractions, namely Situ Patenggang  (Patenggang Lake).

Situ Patenggang (or often called Situ patengan) is a beautiful lake located in the area of tea plantations in Ciwidey, West Java. You can feel the serenity and feel the cool mountain air that blows. Once, this area had been a nature reserve or national park, but in 1981 had officially turned into a tourist park.

To enjoy this attraction there are boat facilities that can be rented to go around to the small island that is in the middle of the lake that named Sasuka Island (Romance Island) . This island looks shady with many high trees that grow in it. While across the lake there is a pretty interesting location namely Love Stone.

Romance Island, and Love Stone are a tourist destination. According to the story, anyone that comes to the those area, and surround the Romance island will have a lasting love. This also might make the Love Stone, and Romance Island become a place that make curiousity of the tourists.

 

Legend of Situ Patenggang (Patenggang Lake)

 

The Legend story of love stone

 

The area has a legend or myth that tells about son of the king, and daughter of the goddess incarnations (Goddess Rengganis) that separated for a long time because of circumstances. Their tears formed a lake. Due to that, the lake was named “Situ Patenggang” (Patenggang Lake), which was taken from the word “pateangan-teangan” comes from the Sundanese language, that means looking to each other.

In the end they can be reunited in a place where there was a large stone, and that later, the stone was named Love Stone. Goddess Rengganis then asked her lover to make a lake and a boat for sailing. This island that until then had been a heart-shaped island, Sasaka Island (Island of romance).

It is said that anyone that ever been to that location with the lover, then their love will be eternal.

 

Amazing Scenery of Situ Patenggang (Patenggang Lake)
West Java-Indonesia

 

Small island in the middle of the lake “Sasuka Island” (Romance island)

 

Beautiful Nature!

 

Love Stone in Patenggang Lake

 

Boat that can be rented

 

The Scenery of Patenggang Lake from Love Stone Location

 

Me at The Love Stone location

 

 


View Larger Map