Tag Archives: Java

The Magnificence of Mount Bromo in Java Island

As one of the most beautiful mountain in the island of Java, Mount Bromo is so crowded with tourists. There, you can see the desert that is so exotic, cool mountain atmosphere with a thick fog, a beautiful crater and sunrise views that so stunning.


The Tengger massif in Java, Indonesia, at sunrise, showing the volcanoes Mt. Bromo (large crater, smoking) and Mt. Semeru (background, smoking). The early morning fog surrounds the peaks, covering a plain of finest volcanic ashes. Source : Thomas Hirsch Author : Thomas Hirsch  GNU Free Documentation License
The Tengger massif in Java, Indonesia, at sunrise, showing the volcanoes Mt. Bromo (large crater, smoking) and Mt. Semeru (background, smoking). The early morning fog surrounds the peaks, covering a plain of finest volcanic ashes.
Source : Thomas Hirsch
Author : Thomas Hirsch
GNU Free Documentation License


Bromo name is taken from the word Brahma, the supreme god of Hindus. Mount Bromo is a volcano that still active and a very famous as a tourist attraction in Indonesia. Bromo has a height of 2,392 meters above sea level, and is located in 4 regions in East Java, namely, Pasuruan, Lumajang, Probolinggo and Malang.

Mount Bromo has a crater with a diameter of about 800 meters (north-south) and approximately 600 meters (east-west). While the danger area, a circle with a radius of 4 km from the central crater of Bromo.

Bromo incorporated in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) which includes Mount Bromo. TNBTS also includes Tengger tribe villages and the highest mountain in the island of Java, Mount Semeru.

If you come during the summer, you can see the sunrise and views of the mountains that wide stretches in the bright weather. The best time to come to Bromo is around the month of June to October.

Mount Bromo physical shape mesh between valleys and canyons with a caldera or a sea of ??sand, covering an area of ??10 square kilometers and there is a temple in the middle. To reach the crater of Mount Bromo and sea sand is not easy. If  not strong enough to climb by foot, we can rent horses with the price Rp 70,000 (7$).


Walking on the edge of Gunung Bromo volcano.  Author : Harri J from Doha ??????, Qatar GNU Free Documentation License.
Walking on the edge of Gunung Bromo volcano.
Author : Harri J from Doha ??????, Qatar
GNU Free Documentation License.


After that we had to climb 250 stairs, but do not worry, all the tiredness will pay off when it reached the peak. Seeing the beauty of the crater of Mount Bromo that secrete smoke and vast desert while waiting for the sunrise if we climb at dawn would look so beautiful. Moreover natural phenomenon Bromo is constantly extraordinary changing.

Once a year, Tengger residents of Bromo mountain, do Kasodo ceremony. The ceremony was held at the temple is located at the northern foot of Mount Bromo and continues up to the top of the mountain. Ceremony is held  every full moon on the 14th or 15 months Kasodo (tenth) according to the Javanese calendar.

Prepare enough warm clothes and head cap much needed to reduce the cold temperatures, considering the temperature there can reach 0 degrees Celsius.


Bromo eruption Source : Surabaya.detik.com
Bromo eruption
Source : Surabaya.detik.com


Even several times mount Bromo is erupted, the Center for Volcanic and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center said people on the mountain slopes are safe and do not need to evacuate.

Mount Bromo has different characteristics to other volcanoes. This mountain has a low volcanic, would only issue a sands and ashes.


Mount Bromo Eruption


Legend of Mount Bromo

Ancient legend said there was a girl that lived in the affluent village near Mount Bromo, her name is Rara Anteng. She’s very pretty, friendly, humble, and diligent. She married a young man, Jaka Seger.

Jaka Seger and Rara Anteng were happy couple but they did not have a child. Therefore they pray to God. Soon an old man appeared and said, “you will have twenty-five children, but you have to sacrifice your son most small / young”.

Several months later Rara Anteng given gift of a baby. They were very happy. After a few years they  had twenty-five children. The youngest named Warih Kusuma.

One night Jaka Seger remember the message of the old man and talk to his wife. After that they head into the crater of Mount Bromo to pray to God because they can not sacrifice Warih Kusuma. Instantly the sky became dark and they heard the sound of thunder. They ran away from the crater.

Once the lightning had subsided, Warih Kusuma disappeared. They heard the sound of Warih Kusuma from inside crater, “Please let me go, but  give offerings every year”.

Finally Jaka Seger and Rara Anteng let Warih Kusuma go. Tengger name is taken from Jaka Tengger and Rara Anteng , since then Tengger residents always presents of livestock and agricultural produce at the Kasodo ceremony.


Bromo Mountain


Location of Mount Bromo

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Batik cloth

Batik is the typical culture of Indonesia which has existed since the Majapahit kingdom. To further strengthen our understanding of batik, it helps us to know about the history of Indonesian batik. Batik is historically derived from the days of the ancestor, known since the seventeenth century, written and painted on palm leaves. At that time batik motif or pattern was still dominated by the shape of animals and plants, but in the history of its development, batik have evolved from painting motifs of animals and plants, turning on an abstract motif that resembles a cloud, temple reliefs, wayang, and so on.


Indonesian Batik

Batik Indonesia
Batik cloth
Source : Wikipedia
Maker : MartijnL
License : CC-BY-SA-3.0-nl (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Netherlands)


The word “batik” is derived from the combination of two Javanese words “amba”, meaning “to write”, “titik” means “point”. Batik is one way of making fabric. Moreover batik can refer to two things. The first is the technique of coloring cloth using the night to prevent staining part of the fabric. In the international literature, this technique is known as wax-resist dyeing. The second is the fabric or clothing made by those technicque, including the use of certain motifs that have uniqueness. Indonesian Batik as the overall engineering, technology, and development-related motives and culture.

Through the merger of the painting with the art of decorating style clothing, batik art emerged as we know it today. The Indonesian nation that is culturally rich has led to the birth of various shades and types of traditional batik with the characteristics of their own specialization, such as batik Pekalongan, Yogyakarta, Solo (cities in Central Java) or other regions in Indonesia which patterns or motifs according to the specific region.


Traditional batik from Solo (Surakarta) Source : own photo Author or copyright holder : Thomas Bergholz
Traditional batik from Solo (Surakarta)
Source : own photo
Author or copyright holder : Thomas Bergholz


Traditional Batik from Yogyakarta Author : Thomas Bergholz Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Germany license. Attribution: Thomas Bergholz
Traditional Batik from Yogyakarta
Author : Thomas Bergholz
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Germany license.
Attribution: Thomas Bergholz


Batik Buketan from Pekalongan, Central Java. The name "Buketan" derived from European flower bouquet and floral motifs European Clearly displayed. The Buketan Batik originated during Dutch East Indies colonial era of Java. Source :Wikipedia Indonesia Maker : Bangko Gandrasta Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Batik Buketan from Pekalongan, Central Java. The name “Buketan” derived from European flower bouquet and floral motifs European Clearly displayed. The Buketan Batik originated during Dutch East Indies colonial era of Java.
Source : Wikipedia Indonesia
Maker : Bangko Gandrasta
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


During development, the art of batik was imitated by the people nearest and further expanded into the work of women in the household to fill their spare time. Furthermore, batik clothes that used only by the royal family then became a popular folk clothes, both women and men.

Types of Batik Based on Technique:

  • Batik Tulis (Writing Batik) is decorated with texture and batik style using hand in its making. This type of batik takes approximately 2-3 months.
  • Batik Cap  (Stamp Batik) is decorated with textures and patterns that is formed by stamp (usually made from copper). This type of batik process takes approximately 2-3 days.
  • Batik Painting is the process of making batik with a direct way to paint on a white cloth.

Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (especially Java) since long. Javanese women in the past made their skills in batik for a living, so in the past batik work is exclusively women’s work until the invention of “Batik Cap” which allowed the men to take a part of it.

World recognized batik as one of the heritage of mankind generated by the nation of Indonesia. Recognition and awards were presented officially by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Culture Organization (UNESCO). UNESCO designated Indonesian Batik as a Cultural Heritage for Humanity Oral and Intangible (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) since October 2, 2009. The recognition made ??on 28 September 2009 and official award on October 2, 2009 in Abu Dhabi.

UNESCO recognition was given primarily as an assessment of the diversity of batik which is full of deep philosophical meaning. Awards were also given for the government and people of Indonesia that has been protecting and preserving the cultural heritage from generation to generation.


Indonesian Batik, A Living Art



 To know more detail about batik can be found at : Batik (Wikipedia)

Prambanan, another splendid temple in Indonesia

Prambanan is the largest Hindus temple in Southeast Asia. Its location which is not far from the temple of Borobudur as if to show about the harmony between the Buddhists and Hindus in Java, not just in the past but also today. Administratively, this temple is located on the border of Central Java and Yogyakarta, 17 kilometers from the center of Yogyakarta, in the middle area that is now built a beautiful park.


The Three Largest temple is dedicated to Shiva in the center, on the left Brahma, Vishnu and on the right. On the front of the temples are temples EACH of vahanas (vehicle of Gods). There is prevara Originally Hundreds of temples.
Author : Gunawan Kartapranata
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported



The temple that by the local community is known by the name Roro Jonggrang, has a legend. Long ago there was a powerful and magical young man who wanted to marry a beautiful princess named Roro Jonggrang. The king who also the father of the Princess had forced her to marry “Bandung Bondowoso”. He is the prince of the neighboring kingdom. Roro Jonggrang did not love him but could not reject it anyway. After a long consideration, she finally gave one condition to Bandung Bondowoso to build 1000 temples and promised to marry him if her requirements could be resolved before dawn.

Roro Jonggrang requested that the work had to be completed before the rooster crowed that she thought it was impossible. But the magical Bandung Bondowoso nearly could complete the 999 temples with the help of  Jinn and his strength.

Roro Jonggrang asked the women in the village to start hitting the rice, to make the chickens woke up and began to crow. Bondowoso was very disappointed with her behavior, then changed her into a stone which is now known as Prambanan Temple, while the nearby temple called Sewu Temple or a thousand temples.

Prambanan temple was built in the 9th century, dedicated to the God Shiva (the destroyer), and two at each side dedicated to the God Brahma (the creator) and  God Vishnu (the keepers). The highest temple is 47 meters  5 meters higher than Borobudur temple and also among other temples in the vicinity.  The foundation of this temple has fulfilled the desire to show Hindu triumph in the island of Java.


Shiva Mahadeva sculpture at the Candi Lara Jonggrang or Prambanan temple complex.
Author : Dr. W.G.N. (Wicher Gosen Nicolaas) van der Sleen (Fotograaf/photographer).
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


The four faced large stone statue of the Hindu creator God Brahma in the garbhagriha (main chamber) of Brahma Temple, Trimurti Prambanan temple, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Author : Gunawan Kartapranata
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


The large stone statue of Hindu preserver God Vishnu in the garbhagriha (main chamber) of Vishnu temple, Trimurti Prambanan temple, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
Author : Gunawan Kartapranata
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


Prambanan also has temple reliefs, which contains the story of Ramayana. According to experts, the relief is similar to the Ramayana story revealed through oral tradition. Another interesting relief is Kalpataru tree that the Hindu religion is considered as a tree of life, sustainability and environmental compatibility. At Prambanan, reliefs of Kalpataru trees depicted flanking the lion. The existence of this tree makes experts consider that the ninth century had wisdom to manage their environment.


Temple Relief Prambanan,lion in niche flanked by two kalpataru trees each flanked by a pair of kinnaras or animals.
GNU Free Documentation License


Ravana Sita Kidnapping riding winged giant, while the Jatayu on the left tried to help her. 9th century Prambanan bas-reliefs at the temple dedicated to Shiva at the temple of Prambanan or temple Lara Jonggrang,  Java, Indonesia.
Author : H. Bongers (Fotograaf / photographer).
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


Prambanan was rediscovered by a Dutch citizen named CA Lons in 1733 after hundred years neglected. This temple has been renovated and is now known as the most beautiful Hindus temple in Indonesia.


Coolies with sedan chairs in front of ruins of Hindu temple of Prambanan.
Author : William Henry Jackson
Public domain – Wikipedia


Reconstruction of temples at Prambanan because of earthquake in May 2006 , Java / Indonesia
Author : Nomo michael hoefner
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


The beauty and complexity of the architecture Prambanan as a very beautiful building has been named as a world heritage site by UNESCO in 1991.


Ramayana – Performing Arts at Prambanan Temple

Ramayana ballet is a dance drama, which tells the story of Ramayana, especially about Rama who is a legendary Hindus king and also can be said as the incarnation of God. This drama tells the story of Rama’s bravery.This famous drama, held at Prambanan Temple courtyard area in the form of dance. Ramayana ballet drama at Prambanan are usually held on the period of full moon to be enjoyed by visitors on various dates in that period of approximately six months. The dancers demonstrate their dancing skills to the audience in the beautiful traditional outfit.

Ramayana Dance drama at Prambanan temple is different from the original story in India,  it reflects the result of adaptation with Java culture for years and it is one of the best dance performance in Indonesian.

In this show not only the music and dance are carefully prepared, lighting has also been prepared in detail. This provides more value, because the light is not a torch light only, but much light from the lamp are designed to describe the events and moods of the characters.


Prambanan night view from the Trimurti open-air stage.
Author : Archiprez mosis
licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic


Javanese dance featuring the Ramayana Ballet. In this scene Shinta (Rama’s wife, second from left) is held as prisoner in Alengka palace garden by King Ravana, she is surrounded by princess, ladies in waiting and Servants.
Author : Gunawan Kartapranata
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported



Prambanan Ramayana Ballet won the international award “PATA Gold Award 2012” beat 180 contestants from 79 countries in category “Heritage and Culture”, which is obtained at the annual conference of Pacific Asia Travel Association (PATA) in 2012 in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on 21 April 2012.


Amazing Borobudur Temple in Yogyakarta (Central Java, Indonesia)

The Borobudur Temple is one of the famous tourist attractions in Indonesia which is located at Borobudur, Magelang, Central Java. Borobudur Temple was founded around the year 824 BC or 9th century  by Buddhist Mahayana.


Borobudur temple view from northwest plateau, Central Java , Indonesia .
Author : Gunawan Kartapranata for Wikipedia
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


This Buddhist temple has 1460 reliefs and 504 Buddha effigies in its complex. Millions of people want to visit this buildings which included in the World Wonder Heritages. Besides being a tourist attraction, is also a center of worship for Buddhists in Indonesia, especially in every celebration of Waisak/Vesak . This is according with its name meaning “monastery in the hills”.


Buddist monks Praying at Borobudur, central Java, Indonesia.
Author : Frank Wouters from antwerpen, belgium
Reviewer : Jeekc
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic


The founder of the Borobudur Temple was the King Samaratungga, which comes from the dynasty Syailendra. The possibility this temple was completed around 900 AD during the reign of Queen Pramudawardhani who was the daughter of Samaratungga. While the architects who contributed to build this temple according to the story hereditary named Gunadharma.

This temple for centuries was no longer used. Then because of volcanic eruptions, most of the Borobudur Temple building, covered with volcanic soil, trees and shrubs for centuries. Then the building of this temple began forgotten in the days of Islam arrived in Indonesia around the 15th century.

In 1814 when the British occupied Indonesia, Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles, Governor General of the United Kingdom in Java, during the colonial era  heard about the discovery of huge archaeological objects  in the village of Magelang Bumisegoro and because he was very interested to the history of Java, Raffles immediately ordered the HC Cornelius, a Dutch engineer, to investigate the location of the discovery which was a hill covered with shrubs.

Cornelius assisted by about 200 men cut down trees and remove shrubs that cover the giant building. Because the building is already fragile and could collapse, then Cornelius Raffles reported to the invention includes a few pictures. Because of that discovery, Raffles was honored as the person who started the restoration of Borobudur temple and got the attention of the world. In 1835, the entire area of the temple has been unearthed. The temple was continued restored in the Dutch colonial period.

After Indonesia’s independence, in 1956, the Indonesian government requested the assistance of  UNESCO to examine the damage of Borobudur. In 1963, was decided officially, that the government of Indonesia will conduct the restoration of Borobudur temple with the help from UNESCO. However, this restoration completely began on August 10, 1973. The new restoration process was completed in 1984. Since 1991, the temple of Borobudur set as World Heritage Site, or the World Heritage by UNESCO.  Sir Thomas Stamford Raffles  gave the name of this temple with the name “Borobudur” , based on the true story with all evidence that are written and documented by him


Restoration of the memorial stone of the temple of Borobudur (with the help from Unesco)
Author : Masgatotkaca, transfered to Commons by Kenrick95.
GNU Free Documentation License


The first photograph Borobudur temple (1873) after the monument was cleaned from the plant, that grown in the temple. Dutch flag looked on the main stupa of the temple.
Author : en: Isidore van Kinsbergen
Public domain


The highest terrace after restoration. The main stupa has a tower with chattra (umbrella) stacking three.
Source : Tropenmuseum for Wikipedia
licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


Other than that, there are some other etymology folks said that the word of Borobudur came from the words: “The Buddhist”. Another explanation is : the name was derived from two words “coal” and “beduhur”. The word coal supposedly derived from “temple”, and the meaning of beduhur is “high”, or reminding the Balinese language meant “above”. So Borobudur meant monastery on a higher ground.

Borobudur temple which located in Magelang, Central Java, has 10 levels which consists of six levels of a square, 3 levels of a circular and a main Stupa as the peak. At each level there are several stupas. Altogether there are 72 stupas in addition to the main stupa. In every stupa there is a statue of Buddha inside it. Ten  level of Borobudur temple describes the ten levels of Bodhisattva (Buddha philosophy) which must pass to reach the perfection to become Buddha in nirvana (heaven). This perfection is symbolized by the main stupa at the top level.

On the fourth side of the temple, there is a gate and stairs to the level above, it like a pyramid. This illustrates the Buddhist philosophy that all life came from rocks. The next step then, the stone become sand, plants, insects, wild animals, pets, and reborn as a human. This process is known as reincarnation. The last process is become soul and eventually get into nirvana and all about those things  illustrated in the reliefs and sculptures in the entire temple walls of Borobudur. Borobudur has 2670 different relief that are read clockwise. The relief  illustrate a story and to read it begins and ends at the gate on the east temple as a main Gate.


Siddharta Gautama relief on the walls of the temple
Author : Gunkarta for Wikipedia
GNU Free Documentation License


The murals (reliefs) on the wall of Borobudur, central Java, Indonesia.
Author : Frank Wouters from antwerpen, belgium
Reviewer : Jeekc
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic


This huge building is the form of  giant pile of stone blocks which have a total height of 42 meters. Each stone spliced without using cement or adhesive. These stones are only connected based on a pattern, and stacked. The stones which used approximately 55 000 cubic meters. All the stone was taken from the river around Borobudur. These stones are cut and spliced and transported to a pattern like lego games.

Borobudur temple  is one the evidence the greatness and human intelligence ever in Indonesia. Borobudur temple becomes the object of cultural tourism, other than Bali and some other places in Indonesia.


Borobudur Temple Scenery
Author : Mushin for Wikipedia
GNU Free Documentation License.


Buddha statue in Borobudur (Java, Indonesia)
Picture taken by Jan-Pieter Nap
GNU Free Documentation License


Buddha in the Stupa Borobudur
A meditative Buddha statue perform dharmachakra mudra hand gesture inside the perforated bell-shaped stupa.
Author : Gunkarta Gunawan Kartapranata
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


Really amazing video !

Megalithic Gunung Padang Site (Mount Padang), in Cianjur, West Java, Indonesia

Archaeological sites in the district of Gunung Padang (Mount Padang) Cianjur Regency not everyone knows. In fact, these megalithic sites, with an area of 3 ha, claimed to be the largest megalithic sites in Southeast Asia. Certainly very unfortunate if we did not know it. Cianjur Regency want to make this site as a flagship tourist destination as well as education.

To reach the site, only jeeps and similar vehicles and motorcycles which can continue up to the location of the site. Gunung Padang sites located on top of a the hill, to reach from the base must climb a steep staircase, 95 meters high, made from andesite rocks pillars which laid nearly 400 stairs.

The view over the entire hill and building of megalithic sites is amazing. In the yard of megalithic sites, the visitors will listen to the explanations from tourists guide about this site from a variety of scientific approaches, also look at of thousands andesite stones which formed the pillars, four-or five-sided arranged in such a way as to various functions.

All megalithic buildings around the world built in prehistoric times (eg: Egyptian pyramids and  Stonehenge in England, Wikipedia).

This site estimated as an ancient cemetery. The existence of this site then reported back to the local government cultural overseers by local residents. Since then, the site has been examined in considerable depth while still leaves a variety of archaeological controversy. Archaeologists agree that the site is not a cemetery as stated by Krom (1914), that just mentioned that the site was estimated as an ancient tomb, but a place of worship.

Gunung Padang is the site located in an area geologically that have a quite active earthquake, not far from section Cimandiri, which stretches from the Gulf Pelabuhan Ratu, up to about Padalarang (districts in West Bandung regency, West Java province). If there is activation from the geological forces around the Gulf  of Pelabuhan Ratu, South of West Java, then it often becomes a mediator of shocking quake.

Some of the toppled and broken menhir in area of the site and is projected to cause earthquakes. In relation to worship, this site can be built for that purpose, so that people are protected from earthquake or volcanic sources that are not far from Mount Padang. Mount Gede occupied a very strong geomantic position for the Site of Mount Padang. Mount Padang site was built to be oriented entirely to Mount Gede.


Scenery of Mount Padang
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU
Free Software Foundation


Mount Padang Site
Author : Mohammad Fadli
licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


Megalithic Site Mount Padang


Location on the map

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The beauty of the “Color Lake” (Telaga Warna) in Java Island Indonesia

Color Lake is not just one, there exist more at different places in Indonesia, I will tell the story about 2 of them that exist in Java Island Indonesia. The Lake that is called Telaga Warna (Colour Lake), located in Puncak, West Java and in Daeng Plateau, Central Java.


The Story/ Legend of Color Lake In West Java

Long ago there was a kingdom in West Java which  ruled by a wise king. His people lived in prosperity.

Unfortunately the King and  queen not blessed with descendants. Many years of waiting for a child, the King decided to go to the woods and prayed.  It was applied to the the Mighty for giving him descendants.
Entire kingdom rejoiced when the King and Queen prayer finally fulfilled. Queen conceived and gave birth a beautiful baby girl.

Princess grew into a beautiful young woman. Because she was the only child and her birth had so long awaited, she was very spoiled by her parents. All her wishes obeyed.

Princess had grown and soon she will be seventeen. The people of the kingdom gathered a lot of gifts for their beloved princess. The King collected all the gifts from the people and intended to shared back to them later. He just took a bit of gold and gems and then ask the jeweler for melting and making it to become a beautiful diamond necklace for his daughter.

On Princess birthday, the King gave her the necklace and said : “My daughter, now you have grown. Look at this beautiful necklace. This necklace is a gift from our people. They are really love you. ”

The people of the kingdom had come flocked to see their princess on her birthday. They want to see a sprinkled necklace of colorful gemstones decorated the neck of their beloved princess.

Princess just glanced at the necklace.

The King and Queen, tried to persuade her wearing the necklace.
“I do not want to,” replied the princess short. “I do not want to wear it! The necklace was ugly!  “She screamed and then ran to her room.

King, Queen and all the people there were stunned. Colorful necklace that was beautiful broken and pearl scattered on the floor. Queen sat down and started crying. Slowly all the women there began to cry, even men shed their tears. They never thought that their princess could do something like that.

Suddenly in the place necklace fell, spring water out which grew larger and making the palace drowned. Not only that, the whole kingdom inundated with water forming a large lake.

Now, the lake was not as wide as before, but the water looks beautiful, colorful, because of reflection the color of the sky and the trees around it. But many people believe that the beautiful colors of the lake came from the princess necklace at the bottom.


Puncak Pass Java – Indonesia, Picture taken by Hullie for Wikipedia
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 3.0 Unported



This video clip was made by college students in Bogor not far from Color Lake. They tried to share their experience about their trip to watch natural attraction. Although not a professional in making the video, but it’s very interesting to see their activity on that place.

In the video they showed their trip toward to the Color Lake, at the “Puncak” area, which left and right along the road unfold of tea plantations and beautiful scenery as well as the cool air.

They also told the story behind the legend of the Lake, as I told above. Arriving there they explored the lake by renting a boat. There are two facilities provided, by renting rubber boats and rafts. Visitors can also camp there. Various types of plants are there, because the lake is surrounded by mountainous tropical forest.

That place is not far from Jakarta, capital city of Indonesia and can use motorbike or car to go there, cars can not reach too close to the lake, because track of the road barely passable by car, but the organizer provides car park around it.



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Dieng Color Lake in Central Java

is one of the mainstay attractions Wonosobo regency in Central Java Province. This lake has a unique color, associated with the color of the lake. Sometimes yellow or green and colorful like a rainbow, because has a fairly high sulfur content.

According to the local community, there is a story that caused the color of the lake is colorful. It is said that, there is a ring once owned by a local nobleman which have magic power, but fell to the bottom of the lake.
While from a scientific study, this lake is a volcanic crater which contains sulfur. As a result, when the lake water exposed to sunlight, will be refracted become colorful.

Attraction Lake Colors are frequently visited by domestic and foreign tourists, because of  its beauty and the fresh air. To enter color lake attractions, visitor charged less than 1 dollar. Visitors are advised to keep their talk during exploring the region. The reason is, because this place is sacred. Myth and legend only the belief of local communities. You free to believe or not.


Telaga Warna, Dieng-Plateau, Central Java-Indonesia
Author : Kondephy
Licensed under the Creative Commons license Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unsuported


Dieng Plateau which has Many tourism besides Color Lake.


The volcanic terrain of the Dieng plateau, the Abode of the Gods
Author : Sumarma Hamidi (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia)
This file is in the public domain in Indonesia


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Sangkuriang, the legend of “Tangkuban Perahu” Mountain in West Java

Sangkuriang is a legend which was very popular among the Sundanese people (in the land of Sundanese, West Java-Indonesia). This legend tells the story of a young man who tried to have love from a beautiful woman, which was his own mother. Sangkuriang story became a legend behind the story of  Mount Tangkuban Perahu formation in West Java.



Tangkuban Perahu
Tangkuban Perahu
Author : Feureau, Source: wikipedia
License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic


Crater of Tangkuban Parahu
Crater of Tangkuban Parahu
Source : wikipedia, Author : CHJL

Smoke of sulfur coming out of the crater


In ancient times, in the land of Parahyangan (Sundanese land), there is a very prosperous kingdom. The king liked to hunt, accompanied by his dog named “Tumang”.

One day, after a whole day hunting, the king did not have the expected results. Animals which hunted like fade away. Within frustration, the King shocked by the barking of his dog, “Tumang” which found a beautiful baby girl, lay among the grass hedge. The king was very happy, because it has been quite a long time have not been endowed the child. The baby girl named Puteri Dayangsumbi (Dayangsumbi Princess).

After grew up, Dayangsumbi princess married, which later blessed with a son which was named Sangkuriang, which also later, had a passion to hunt, but unfortunately Dayangsumbi husband did not have a long life.

One day, Sangkuriang which was very young went to hunt, accompanied by Tumang, the king’s favorite dog, which was also her mother’s favorite. But that day was not good, the hunt did not get results. Because Sangkuriang had promised to dedicate a deer heart to his mother while the deer was not acquired, then Sangkuriang killed Tumang to take his heart which was then presented to his mother.

When Dayangsumbi finally found out that deer heart whichwas presented by his son was Tumang heart, her favorite dog, she became very much angry. Driven by anger, she accidentally hit his head with a ladle of rice, that held at that time, that action caused injury that caused trace. Sangkuriang felt his efforts to make his mother pleased was useless, and he felt not guilty. He thought if there was no deer heart, dog heart won’t be a problem without thinking of loyalty Tumang that has devoted his life to serve his master. Sangkuriang left the kingdom and then disappeared somewhere.

After that incident Dayangsumbi felt deeply sorry, every day she was always praying and asking God to be reunited with her son. Later, her request will be granted and by God’s grace as well Dayangsumbi blessed with eternal youth.

Sangkuriang, who continued to adventure, grew up to be a gallant young man and powerful. He had conquered powerful demon. In one moment of his adventures, Sangkuriang did not realize that he returned to the kingdom that he came from, and brought him to a beautiful princess that was princess Dayangsumbi. Sangkuriang fell in love with the princess, Dayangsumbi also fascinated by gallantry and handsomeness of Sangkuriang. Then there was a relationship between the two. Sangkuriang and Dayangsumbi at the time did not know that they was actually mother and son. Sangkuriang  finally proposed Dayangsumbi to become his wife.

One moment the veil open, Dayangsumbi found out that the young man was his son. She saw the scar on his head when she helped fix her future husband’s headband.

After convinced that Sangkuriang was his son, Dayangsumbi trying derail the marriage. To marry her, Dayangsumbi proposed two requirement to be fulfilled by Sangkuriang with the time limits, before dawn (sunrise). The first requirement, Sangkuriang should be able to make a big boat. Second requirement, Sangkuriang should be able to make a lake that can be used for sailing the boat.

Sangkuriang agreed, he worked overtime, assisted by the demon or devil that once defeated by him. Large wooden timber for making boat and for blocking Citarum river, he got from the forest on the mountain which according to the legend, later the mountain was given the name Gunung Bukit Tunggul ( hillside stump mountain).

In the meantime Dayangsumbi also asked God for helping her thwart the will of Sangkuriang to marry her. God granted Dayangsumbi. Before Sangkuriang work was completed, the rooster crows, and dawn. Sangkuriang angry, knowing he failed. He kicked the boat that was made. The boat finally fell face down and later became a legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu, while the river that dammed to form lakes gradually was Citarum located in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

 Illustration of the story about Sangkuriang

Illustration of the story about Sangkuriang
Illustration of the story about Sangkuriang
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Legend of Jaka Tarub and Nawang Wulan

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Jaka Tarub was a strong and handsome young man. He often went out into the woods to hunt and gain knowledge. He lived in a village near a lake.

One day at a full moon night, he entered the forest, from a distance he heard the faint sound of women who were joking. Encouraged by curiosity, he went looking for the directions of the sounds until finally he found a very beautiful lake in the middle of the woods, along with 7 very beautiful women who were bathing and joking, slowly Jaka Tarub walked over. Then he found some dresses and scarfs of them which lay scattered. After choosing, he stole one of them and hid it.

Some time went by, and the angels had to go back to  heaven. 6 of them wore their dresses and scarfs, and then flew into the night sky. Then Jaka Tarub understood that those women were the angels of heaven, but one of the angel left in the lake, because she lost her dress and scarf and she could not return to heaven. She was the youngest angel called Nawang Wulan, which according to legend is now known as Nyai Roro Kidul (Queen of South Beach)

Nawang Wulan was very sad then vowed: “If anyone find my dress and scarf, if a man, I will make him as a husband, and if a woman I will make her as a sister”. Jaka Tarub then appeared and comforted her. He gave a piece of cloth to be used by her, but still hid her dress, so she could not fly to the heaven and left him. The angel then fulfill her vow and married to Jaka Tarub.

There are other versions where Nawang Wulan didn’t need to vow like that. When she cried in the lake, Jaka Tarub immediately appeared, comforted her, and offered a place to stay for Nawang Wulan until later finally they got married and had a daughter, named Nawangsih.

During the marriage, Nawangwulan always used her supernatural power. One grain of rice can be cooked into one rice basket. One day Jaka Tarub broke the prohibition from Nawang Wulan to not open the rice cooker lid. Nawang Wulan consequently lost her supernatural powers. Since then she had to cook rice like any ordinary woman. Therefore supplied of rice was reduced. When one day Nawang Wulan took rice to be pounded,she saw a piece of cloth sticking out behind a pile of rice. When she noted it Nawang Wulan remembered that it was her angel dress. Finally she knew that all along Jaka Tarub who hid her angel dress and because the contents of the barn continued to decrease, finally she could find her dress back.

Nawang Wulan was upset knowing that her husband had stolen it, then she wore her angel dress again, said goodbye and asked Jaka Tarub to take good care of their daughter. Jaka Tarub begged her not to return to heaven, but Nawang  Wulan decision was made up. Just for the sake of her daughter Nawangsih she was willing to come down to earth. She flew to heaven and left Jaka Tarub crying in regret.

Nyai Roro Kidul ( Queen of the Southern Sea of Java)

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Nyai Roro Kidul is the figure of a beautiful woman who controlled the South Coast of Java, she is good spirits which are eager to help people in all kinds of difficulties. Based on the Javanese believes that the Queen of South is Goddess Nawang Wulan, angels from the heaven, which was once the wife of Jaka Tarub ( Jaka Tarub legend will be reviewed next), and they had children, which later from the descendants of Goddess Nawang Wulan and Jaka Tarub will birth the Kings of Java.

Goddess Nawang Wulan which after returning home to Heaven, was less well received in Heaven and came back down to the earth and meditated in the South Sea. Because of the meditation the seas became turbulent, made the King Sovereign of the south seas, Panguoso Sagoro became angry, and there was a war between them which actually ingenuity and arguments war. The winner was Goddess Nawang Wulan, then Goddess Nawang Wulan became Queen of the South Seas.

Conclusions about the Queen of South Sea is not just a fairy tale or superstition only. This is the real thing existing, but that does not include in the human nature, but rather in the nature of spirits, which can control the nature, both human nature and spirits nature and she can be classified as the Goddess of Nature, in this case the Goddess of the Sea.

Javanese people believe that Nyi Roro Kidul does exist and is closely related to the Sultan of Yogjakarta. Belief in the Queen of The South Seas is actualized well. A traditional ceremony held on the seashore in the south of Yogyakarta in every anniversary of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono (king of Yogyakarta). This ceremony is intended for the welfare of the sultan, and the people of Yogyakarta.

Belief in the the Queen of South Seas extending to the West Java area. Special room (number 308) on the top floor of the Ocean Beach Hotel, “Pelabuhan Ratu” Port of The Queen (one of the tourism attractions in Central Java), presented exclusively for the Queen of South Seas.Painting Nyai Roro Kidul,  in all-green color, and the smell of incense, decorate this room.  Anyone which wants to meet to the Queen, can go into this room, but must go through an intermediate, which presents an offering for the Queen. This room is also used by ex first president of Indonesia, President Soekarno.
Sometimes its mentioned that the Queen lived in “Kamar No. 13” of that Hotel, “Kamar” just means room in English. The truth of that No. couldn’t be proofed and the right room-no. really seems having been 308.

In these modern times, the legend of the Queen of South Seas, or Nyi Roro Kidul, is the most spectacular legend. Many of Indonesian or from other countries admitted that they have met a pretty queen wearing traditional Javanese dress in green. Due to this, people around the”Pelabuhan Ratu” believe that green is the favorite color of The Queen. If there are visitors of southern coast who also wear green clothes, then The Queen will drag their soul to be a servant. So the widespread myth is of the prohibition of wearing green-colored clothing when visiting the South Coast.

Actually there are explanations related to security reasons,  when we swam and dragged the waves wearing a green shirt, it will be difficult for rescue teams to find us. It also occurs in all the beaches, because the blue sea water, will, change the color to be green when the depth increases, drowning victims would be camouflaged by the color of the sea water. So, better to use light-colored clothing.

Many stories that many people drowned, due to wearing green clothes, as it described above, which the people there said that the victim body was taken by The Queen, because She didnt like it and was angry and made the victim as a victimizing. Actually it was not like that.The existence of the trough, because the junction between two tectonic plates, also called the seabed trench. Shaped like a crack rocks. So the victims of drowning could have slammed into it, swept, and then wedged between crack rocks, that was why Victim’s body did not reappear. Another version of The Queen from Wikipedia


Legends from Indonesia

Legend is the story of the people in ancient times that has to do with historical events related to the famous story, be, and is remembered by many people, is told from generation to generation, associated with the struggle, the heroism which is useful and felt his spirit to the present.
Legends that exist in Indonesia are so many, just like the folklore and myth and is one step to trace the history of the tradition of the people of Indonesia in the past.Legend according to wikipedia

Some of the legends of Indonesia that I will tell you here are :