Tag Archives: Legends

“Tanah Lot” One of the Fantastic places in Bali, Indonesia

Tanah Lot is one of the famous sights on the island of Bali,  located in the Village Beraban, Kediri District, Tabanan Regency. The distance is about 13 km to the west of the city of Tabanan. From Ngurah Rai airport can be reached in less than 1 hours drive.


Temple on the big rock in the middle of the sea
Photographer : Anton Raharja


Temple on the big rock was behind me


Tanah Lot is a tourist attraction in Bali that offers the natural beauty of the sunset. The uniqueness of Pura Tanah Lot is that the place is located in the middle of the sea about 300 meters from the beach which also there is the large rock with a large cave in the middle of it.


The Cave in the middle of the rock


The Cave, also the place  for Hindu religious ceremony, worship to the guardians God of the sea.


Here there are two temples located at the top of the large rock. One is located at the top of the boulder which, when the tide is high the temple will be seen surrounded by sea water and the other one is located on the north on the top of the cliff, jutting into the sea. This cliff becomes a liaison between the temple in the middle of the sea and the mainland which is shaped like a curved bridge.

Pura (Temple) Tanah Lot as a temple in the middle of the sea is the worship place to the guardian gods of  the sea. Usually visitors will come in the afternoon to see the beautiful sunset.


On the rock, at Tanah lot location


Tanah Lot is derived from  the word “Tanah” that is interpreted as the land, and “Lot” means the sea. So Tanah Lot interpreted as the land that is in the middle of the sea. Pura Tanah Lot was founded in the 15th century by a Hindus priest named Nirartha from the Kingdom of Majapahit (on Java Island) on his way to spread the Hindu religion from the land of Java in the 16th century. Before giving the instructions to set up a temple in this place, he felt the vibrations of purity and obtained spiritual perfection.

According to the Legend, Danghyang Nirartha who successfully strengthened the confidence of the local community about the teachings of Hinduism, the sacred leader in that place named Bendesa Beraban felt threatened because many of his followers became followers of Danghyang Nirarta. Then Bendesa ordered Danghyang Nirartha to leave Tanah Lot.

He agreed but before leaving the Tanah Lot, with all his strength he moved the stone blocks to the middle of the beach and built the temples there. He also changed his scarf into a snake as a temple guardians. The snakes are still exist to this day and they are species of sea snakes that have a characteristic flat tail like a fish, striped black and yellow color. Bendesa Beraban was amazed and later became followers of Danghyang Nirartha.

In some small tunnels in the vicinity of the barrier reef of Pura Tanah Lot are places where the striped snakes that are benign are located and trusted by society as the guardian of the temple. Around the temple there are freshwater springs which can be seen during low tide. The existence of the spring water had been a major consideration when this place was chosen as the location of the temple.


Beautiful Scenery of Tanah Lot
Photographer : Anton Raharja


Tanah Lot currently is managed professionally, equipped with various facilities. Entrance fee includes accident insurance and for every vehicle that enters the Tanah Lot location, accident insurance is directly covered by the pay parking fees.



Beautiful Sunset of Tanah Lot Bali


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The beauty of the “Color Lake” (Telaga Warna) in Java Island Indonesia

Color Lake is not just one, there exist more at different places in Indonesia, I will tell the story about 2 of them that exist in Java Island Indonesia. The Lake that is called Telaga Warna (Colour Lake), located in Puncak, West Java and in Daeng Plateau, Central Java.


The Story/ Legend of Color Lake In West Java

Long ago there was a kingdom in West Java which  ruled by a wise king. His people lived in prosperity.

Unfortunately the King and  queen not blessed with descendants. Many years of waiting for a child, the King decided to go to the woods and prayed.  It was applied to the the Mighty for giving him descendants.
Entire kingdom rejoiced when the King and Queen prayer finally fulfilled. Queen conceived and gave birth a beautiful baby girl.

Princess grew into a beautiful young woman. Because she was the only child and her birth had so long awaited, she was very spoiled by her parents. All her wishes obeyed.

Princess had grown and soon she will be seventeen. The people of the kingdom gathered a lot of gifts for their beloved princess. The King collected all the gifts from the people and intended to shared back to them later. He just took a bit of gold and gems and then ask the jeweler for melting and making it to become a beautiful diamond necklace for his daughter.

On Princess birthday, the King gave her the necklace and said : “My daughter, now you have grown. Look at this beautiful necklace. This necklace is a gift from our people. They are really love you. ”

The people of the kingdom had come flocked to see their princess on her birthday. They want to see a sprinkled necklace of colorful gemstones decorated the neck of their beloved princess.

Princess just glanced at the necklace.

The King and Queen, tried to persuade her wearing the necklace.
“I do not want to,” replied the princess short. “I do not want to wear it! The necklace was ugly!  “She screamed and then ran to her room.

King, Queen and all the people there were stunned. Colorful necklace that was beautiful broken and pearl scattered on the floor. Queen sat down and started crying. Slowly all the women there began to cry, even men shed their tears. They never thought that their princess could do something like that.

Suddenly in the place necklace fell, spring water out which grew larger and making the palace drowned. Not only that, the whole kingdom inundated with water forming a large lake.

Now, the lake was not as wide as before, but the water looks beautiful, colorful, because of reflection the color of the sky and the trees around it. But many people believe that the beautiful colors of the lake came from the princess necklace at the bottom.


Puncak Pass Java – Indonesia, Picture taken by Hullie for Wikipedia
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 3.0 Unported



This video clip was made by college students in Bogor not far from Color Lake. They tried to share their experience about their trip to watch natural attraction. Although not a professional in making the video, but it’s very interesting to see their activity on that place.

In the video they showed their trip toward to the Color Lake, at the “Puncak” area, which left and right along the road unfold of tea plantations and beautiful scenery as well as the cool air.

They also told the story behind the legend of the Lake, as I told above. Arriving there they explored the lake by renting a boat. There are two facilities provided, by renting rubber boats and rafts. Visitors can also camp there. Various types of plants are there, because the lake is surrounded by mountainous tropical forest.

That place is not far from Jakarta, capital city of Indonesia and can use motorbike or car to go there, cars can not reach too close to the lake, because track of the road barely passable by car, but the organizer provides car park around it.



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Dieng Color Lake in Central Java

is one of the mainstay attractions Wonosobo regency in Central Java Province. This lake has a unique color, associated with the color of the lake. Sometimes yellow or green and colorful like a rainbow, because has a fairly high sulfur content.

According to the local community, there is a story that caused the color of the lake is colorful. It is said that, there is a ring once owned by a local nobleman which have magic power, but fell to the bottom of the lake.
While from a scientific study, this lake is a volcanic crater which contains sulfur. As a result, when the lake water exposed to sunlight, will be refracted become colorful.

Attraction Lake Colors are frequently visited by domestic and foreign tourists, because of  its beauty and the fresh air. To enter color lake attractions, visitor charged less than 1 dollar. Visitors are advised to keep their talk during exploring the region. The reason is, because this place is sacred. Myth and legend only the belief of local communities. You free to believe or not.


Telaga Warna, Dieng-Plateau, Central Java-Indonesia
Author : Kondephy
Licensed under the Creative Commons license Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unsuported


Dieng Plateau which has Many tourism besides Color Lake.


The volcanic terrain of the Dieng plateau, the Abode of the Gods
Author : Sumarma Hamidi (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia)
This file is in the public domain in Indonesia


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Magic stone from Minang land, in the city of Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia.

Magic stone that is located in the area of Batu Sangkar, Padang, West Sumatra has been famous because of its uniqueness. Magic Stone is called Batu Angke by residents of that area. The stone is special because often changes its weight. 

Tourism Angke stone, located in District Batu Sangkar River, about three hours drive from city of Padang. Apparently the magic stone has started visited by tourists since 100 years ago. During that time, seven generation keeping this unique heritage.

Batu Angke can be so heavy or it can be very light such as cotton, appropriate the belief of people who lifting it. It is said that there is magical powers in it. In the language of Minang, Angke-Angke means “lift”, so Batu Angke means stone that lifted.

Reading prayer is the rule before lifting the stone. Many from visitors exhausted because this stone can weigh up to hundreds of pounds on their hands. In order to lift the stone is free of charge, only for buying souvenir charged 1$.


Magic Stone


Not everyone can lift it, even men.


Woman who is maintain the location of Magic Stone, can be easily lift it.

The Legend of “Situ Bagendit” Lake in Garut, West Java Indonesia

Garut, is one area in West Java which is a fertile area and has many tourist attractions. One of them is, “Situ Bagendit” (Situ is Sundanese language means lake). 

I will tell you the famous legend behind the story about that lake.

In the ancient times there lived a wealthy widow, named Nyai Endit (Nyai is Mrs in Sundanese Languange in Sunda Land). She lived in a village in Garut city, West Java. Nyai Endit had very many property, but she was stingy and greedy. She was also very arrogant, especially to poor people.

One day, Nyi Endit held of salvation because increased her wealth. When the event, came a beggar. Condition of the beggar was pathetic. His body was very thin and his clothes tattered. He begged to Nyai Bagendit “Please Nyai, give me some food.” Seeing  a dirty old beggar came into her house, Nyai Endit was angry and drove him away. “Shameless dirty beggar, get out of my house”.  Nyai Endit snapped him.

Feeling deeply sad, beggar went away. The next day, people were busy with appearance of the stick which embedded in the village street. Everyone tried to pull out that stick, but not worked. The old beggar who asked for food to Nyi Endit reappeared. He was quickly able to pull out the stick and right away came out a big water fountain and more water came out.

Fearing a flood, the villagers immediately evacuated to other places. Nyai Endit that stingy and greedy did not want to leave her home. She was very fond of her property.

Finallyshe drowned along with all her properties. Other residents survived. Mentioned that it was the origin formation of the lake, that later was named “Situ Bagendit” (Bagendit Lake).


Situ Bagendit in Garut, West Java-Indonesia
Author : Edi Wibowo for Wikipedia
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 3.0 Unported




Legend of Hanging Rock (Batu Gantung), Parapat city legend in North Sumatra, Indonesia

Once upon a time, in ancient times, in a small village on the shores of Lake Toba, there lived a husband and wife with a beautiful daughter named Seruni. Addition to beautiful, Seruni also a diligent girl because she always helped her parents when they were working in farm that were used for daily living needs.

One day Seruni should work in the farm by herself because her parents had something to do in the neighboring village. She was only accompanied by her dog, named Toki. Arriving at the farm  Seruni just sat pensively, looking at the natural beauty of Lake Toba, while the dog sat beside her, stared at mistress’s face, who looked like moody. Occasionally the dogs barked to distract Seruni attention if there was anything suspicious in the surrounding farm.

Actually, these days Seruni always seemed sad. This was because her father will set her up with a young man who was her own cousin. In fact, she had a relationship with a young man in her village and had also promised to marry him. This situation made her confused, no idea what to do and began to despair. In one hand she did not want to disappoint her parents, but the other hand she was unable to separate with her lover.

After considered for a moment and could not decide anything, Seruni got up from where she sat and with tears in her eyes, she walked slowly toward to the Lake Toba. Seemed she wanted to end her life by jumping into the Lake. While Toki which also followed her into the lake only could bark because didn’t not know what was going on in the mind of Seruni.

While walking toward the cliff on the edge of Lake Toba, she suddenly fell into the hole of big stone until to the bottom. It was very dark, she became frightened and cried for help to her beloved dog, but Toki only a dog, he could not do anything except barking around the mouth of the hole. Finally she became hopeless and said to herself, “Ah, I’d rather die.”.
After said that, for some reason the walls of the hole began to close. “Parapat …! Parapat rock! “, Seruni shouted to make the stone wall more closer and squeezed her body. (Parapat in their language is move closer).

Seeing the incident, Toki ran to the house to ask for help. When he got home, immediately he ran to  Seruni parents who were already at home. Barking, scratching the ground and pacing around his master, Toki tried to tell them that Seruni was in danger.

Aware of what was signaled by the dog, the parents soon went to the farm. Both ran after Toki to the edge of the hole where their daughter fell. When Seruni father heard her screams from the hole, the mother immediately made a torch, because it was already evening and dark, while the father ran back to the village to ask for help from the neighbors.
When the helpers arrived at the farm, with tears Seruni mother said to her husband, “The hole was too deep and dark. I just heard the faint sound of our daughter who said : Parapat, Parapat stone … ”

Several times they shouted, calling  Seruni, but they did not get a response from her. Only Seruni voice which faint ordered the stone around her to move closer. Residents tried to help by holding out the rope to the bottom of the hole, but not at all touched or held by her. Felt worried, father decided to go into the hole, but his wife forbid him, because the hole was very deep and dangerous.

Suddenly there was a roar, and the strong shaking, making the hole slowly closed. Seruni which trapped in the hole could not be saved.

Some time after the shaking stopped, above the hole that had closed, there was a large rock that resembled to girl body which seemed hanging on the wall of the cliff on the shores of Lake Toba. People who saw the incident believed that the stone was the manifestation from Seruni, and later named it as “Hanging Rock”.

Because the last words of Seruni which were heard by residents only “Parapat, Parapat, and Parapat”, then the area around of Hanging Rock was named Parapat. Parapat now had transformed into a tourist destination city in the North Sumatra Province.


Hanging Rock in North Sumatra Indonesia


View on Parapat from Island in Lake Toba,
Author: BesselDekker, License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported


Parapat harbor, Lake Toba, North Sumatra-Indonesia
Author : Nomo Michael Hoefner
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 3.0 Unported


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Legend of Lake Toba (DanauToba) in North Sumatra, Indonesia

In the North Sumatra, there is a very large lake, and in the middle of the lake there is a volcanic island. The lake named “Danau Toba” (Lake Toba), while the island in the middle of the lake, named Samosir island. This lake is the largest lake in Indonesia and in Southeast Asia.

In ancient times in a village in North Sumatra, there lived a farmer named Toba. He lived alone in the fertile valley and worked in the farm for a living. Besides worked in his farm, sometimes he went fishing in a river that not far from his home. Easy for him to get the fish, because in a clean river there were plenty of fish to be cooked become some food.

One evening, after returning from farm, he went to the river for fishing. After a while he did not get any fish. It’s never happened before. Usually the fish in the river was easy to get. Because it was too long to wait, he became upset and decided to stop fishing, but when he wanted to pull the fishing line, all of a sudden there was a fish reeled in his line into the middle of the river. His heart was glad, because he knew the fish that grabbed the bait was a big fish. The fish was quickly pulled to the ground, in order not to loose it. At the time he was off the hook, the fish looked at him meaningfully. Then after the fish were placed into one place, he got into the river for bathing. He felt very happy because he never get that big fish. When he left the river, it had started evening.

When Toba got home, he was immediately brought the big fish to the kitchen. When he wanted to light a fire for grilling fish, firewood was in the kitchen had run out. He immediately went out to get firewood from the ground under his house then he climbed back into the house and went straight to the kitchen. By the time he had reached the kitchen, he was shocked because the big fish that was not there anymore, but on where the fish was placed there were some pieces of gold. With shocked and surprised he left the kitchen and entered the room.

When Toba opened the door, he was more surprised, because in the room stood a woman with a long hair. She was combing her hair while stood  facing the mirror that hung on the wall. A moment later she was suddenly turned around and looked at the man who was confused. Toba was so fascinated because he saw a beautiful woman in front of him. He had never seen such a beautiful woman even before he had wandered away to different countries.

Because it was late at night, she asked him to turn on the lights. After he had turned on the lights, he was invited to accompany her in the kitchen because she wanted to cook rice for them. While waited for the rice cooked, she told him that she was the manifestation from the big fish. She also explained that some pieces of gold which was located in the kitchen was the manifestation from the fish scales. After several weeks, she was willing to accept Toba proposal to marry her, but with one condition that he should swear that he would never bring up the origins of his wife as long as he lives. After he sworn, they got married.

A year later, they were blessed with a son who they named Samosir. He was very spoiled by her mother and resulting less well-tempered boy, and lazy. After growing up, her mother ask him to deliver some rice for his father everyday who worked in the farm. However often he refused it.

One day, the boy ordered by his mother again to deliver a rice for his father. At first he refused. However after being forced by her mother finally he went with annoyance to deliver the rice. On the way most of the rice and side dishes he ate. Arriving in the farm, the rest that were only a bit rice that he gave it to his father.

When received it, his father who was feeling very hungry because the rice was delivered late, got mad when he saw the rice that given to him was the remains. His father even more angry when his son admitted that he was who ate most of the rice, and  father became lost patience, and he beat his son and saying: “Son of  bitch!, ungrateful. Really you were a son of women who came from the fish! ”

The boy cried and ran home to meet his mother at home. He complained to his mother that he was beaten by his father. He told all the words spoken by his father. Hearing her son’s story his mother was so sad, especially since her husband had broken his vow. Then she told her son to immediately went up to the hill which is located not so far from their house and climbed the highest tree located on top of the hill. Without asking again, the boy obeyed her mother. He ran toward the hill and climbed it.

As seen by the mother that her son had almost to the top of the tree, she ran towards the river that were not so far away from home. When she arrived at the edge of the river, lightning struck along with thunderous sound. She jumped into the river and suddenly turned into a big fish. At the same time the river was flooding and heavy rain fell. Some time later the river was already overflowed everywhere and the valley and that area gone. Toba could not save himself, he was drowned by a pool of water. More longer stagnant water more widely and turned into a very large lake and later on that place named by the people with the name: “Danau Toba” (Lake Toba).


Toba Lake (Danau Toba) View in the north of Sumatra Island Indonesia

Author : Chmouel, for Wikipedia doc.
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU
Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 3.0 Unported

Toba lake views with Samosir island in the middle.

Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU from Wikipedia
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.


Scenery of Lake Toba


Location of Toba Lake

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Malin Kundang legend from Sumatra island, Indonesia

Malin Kundang folklore tale is one of the legends of Indonesia that you should know, and search for it moral messages. This legend comes from the province of West Sumatra, Indonesia. Malin Kundang legend tells the story about the child who disobedient  his mother and therefore was cursed became a stone. A form of stone located in “Pantai Air Manis” (Sweet Water beach), Padang, West Sumatra-Indonesia.


Malin Kundang Stone, Pantai Air Manis, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. The legend said that Malinkundang was turned to stone after disowning his mother, and his attempt to kneel down and apologize was a bit too late. Source :Flickr : The Legend of Malinkundang - West Sumatra Maker : Makka Kesuma Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic
Malin Kundang Stone, Pantai Air Manis, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. The legend said that Malinkundang was turned to stone after disowning his mother, and his attempt to kneel down and apologize was a bit too late.
Source : Flickr : The Legend of Malinkundang – West Sumatra
Maker : Makka Kesuma
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic




Malin Kundang lived in the poor fisherman family. Because of poor financial condition, his father decided to make a living overseas, sailed the ocean. Having been left by his father, Malin Kundang lived alone with his mother in their huts. More than 1 year Malin’s father did not return, so his mother had to replace Malin’s father to make a living. Malin was a smart boy but a bit naughty, many times he chased some chickens and hit them by broomstick. One day, when Malin was chasing a chicken he tripped over the stone so that his right arm injured and the wound made a mark.

Feeling sorry for his mother who worked hard to make a living to raise him, Malin decided to go wandered in order to become rich after returning home later . At first Malin Kundang mother not agreed, remembering her husband also never returned after going abroad, but Malin still insisted, so his mother finally gave up and let Malin go, boarded the ship belonged to a merchant. During his stay in the ship Malin Kundang learnt about the science of sailing to the boat crews that has been experienced.

Along the way, all of a sudden Malin Kundang ship was attacked by pirates. All merchandise traders which were on board seized by pirates. Even most of the crew and people on the ship were killed by pirates. Malin Kundang was lucky, he was hiding in a small space covered by the timber so he safe.

Malin Kundang was adrift in the middle of the sea, until finally the ship was stranded at the beach. With energy left, Malin Kundang walked to a nearby village from the beach. He found a very fertile village and started to work there. With his perseverance in work, finally Malin became a wealthy man. He had a lot of merchant ships with men more than a 100 people. Having became rich Malin Kundang got married.

Malin Kundang news that had become rich and married, also known by his mother. She was very grateful and  happy that her son had succeeded. Since then, every day she went to the dock waited for him that might be returned to his hometown.

After a long marriage, Malin and his wife sailed, accompanied by boat crews and a lot of bodyguards. Malin mother saw the arrival of the ship to the dock, she saw two people were standing on the deck. She believed that his son and his wife who were standing there.

She headed toward to the ship and once close enough to him, she saw the scars on his right arm, she more convinced that it was her son and she approached, hugged and asked him : “Malin Kundang, my son, why did you go for so long without sending any news?”. Seeing an old woman dressed up dirty and hugged him, Malin Kundang became angry even though he knew that the old lady was his mother, he was embarrassed if it was known by his wife and his crew.

Got treatment like that from his son, the mother of Malin Kundang was very upset. She did not expect his son can be rebellious child. Because of mounting anger, she cursed his son and said : “Oh God, if he was my son, I curse him become a stone.”

Not long after Malin Kundang back sailed, but in the middle of the trip came a violent storm destroyed his ship. After that Malin Kundang body slowly became stiff and gradually formed became coral reef. Until now Malin Kundang  stone still can be seen at a beach called “Pantai Aia Manih” (Padang language) or “Pantai Air Manis”  (Sweet Water beach), in south of Padang city, West Sumatra.


Scenery of Mount and ocean in Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia


Place of the Malin Kundang Stone in Padang

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Sangkuriang, the legend of “Tangkuban Perahu” Mountain in West Java

Sangkuriang is a legend which was very popular among the Sundanese people (in the land of Sundanese, West Java-Indonesia). This legend tells the story of a young man who tried to have love from a beautiful woman, which was his own mother. Sangkuriang story became a legend behind the story of  Mount Tangkuban Perahu formation in West Java.



Tangkuban Perahu
Tangkuban Perahu
Author : Feureau, Source: wikipedia
License: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic


Crater of Tangkuban Parahu
Crater of Tangkuban Parahu
Source : wikipedia, Author : CHJL

Smoke of sulfur coming out of the crater


In ancient times, in the land of Parahyangan (Sundanese land), there is a very prosperous kingdom. The king liked to hunt, accompanied by his dog named “Tumang”.

One day, after a whole day hunting, the king did not have the expected results. Animals which hunted like fade away. Within frustration, the King shocked by the barking of his dog, “Tumang” which found a beautiful baby girl, lay among the grass hedge. The king was very happy, because it has been quite a long time have not been endowed the child. The baby girl named Puteri Dayangsumbi (Dayangsumbi Princess).

After grew up, Dayangsumbi princess married, which later blessed with a son which was named Sangkuriang, which also later, had a passion to hunt, but unfortunately Dayangsumbi husband did not have a long life.

One day, Sangkuriang which was very young went to hunt, accompanied by Tumang, the king’s favorite dog, which was also her mother’s favorite. But that day was not good, the hunt did not get results. Because Sangkuriang had promised to dedicate a deer heart to his mother while the deer was not acquired, then Sangkuriang killed Tumang to take his heart which was then presented to his mother.

When Dayangsumbi finally found out that deer heart whichwas presented by his son was Tumang heart, her favorite dog, she became very much angry. Driven by anger, she accidentally hit his head with a ladle of rice, that held at that time, that action caused injury that caused trace. Sangkuriang felt his efforts to make his mother pleased was useless, and he felt not guilty. He thought if there was no deer heart, dog heart won’t be a problem without thinking of loyalty Tumang that has devoted his life to serve his master. Sangkuriang left the kingdom and then disappeared somewhere.

After that incident Dayangsumbi felt deeply sorry, every day she was always praying and asking God to be reunited with her son. Later, her request will be granted and by God’s grace as well Dayangsumbi blessed with eternal youth.

Sangkuriang, who continued to adventure, grew up to be a gallant young man and powerful. He had conquered powerful demon. In one moment of his adventures, Sangkuriang did not realize that he returned to the kingdom that he came from, and brought him to a beautiful princess that was princess Dayangsumbi. Sangkuriang fell in love with the princess, Dayangsumbi also fascinated by gallantry and handsomeness of Sangkuriang. Then there was a relationship between the two. Sangkuriang and Dayangsumbi at the time did not know that they was actually mother and son. Sangkuriang  finally proposed Dayangsumbi to become his wife.

One moment the veil open, Dayangsumbi found out that the young man was his son. She saw the scar on his head when she helped fix her future husband’s headband.

After convinced that Sangkuriang was his son, Dayangsumbi trying derail the marriage. To marry her, Dayangsumbi proposed two requirement to be fulfilled by Sangkuriang with the time limits, before dawn (sunrise). The first requirement, Sangkuriang should be able to make a big boat. Second requirement, Sangkuriang should be able to make a lake that can be used for sailing the boat.

Sangkuriang agreed, he worked overtime, assisted by the demon or devil that once defeated by him. Large wooden timber for making boat and for blocking Citarum river, he got from the forest on the mountain which according to the legend, later the mountain was given the name Gunung Bukit Tunggul ( hillside stump mountain).

In the meantime Dayangsumbi also asked God for helping her thwart the will of Sangkuriang to marry her. God granted Dayangsumbi. Before Sangkuriang work was completed, the rooster crows, and dawn. Sangkuriang angry, knowing he failed. He kicked the boat that was made. The boat finally fell face down and later became a legend of Mount Tangkuban Perahu, while the river that dammed to form lakes gradually was Citarum located in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

 Illustration of the story about Sangkuriang

Illustration of the story about Sangkuriang
Illustration of the story about Sangkuriang
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.


Legend of Jaka Tarub and Nawang Wulan

lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.

Jaka Tarub was a strong and handsome young man. He often went out into the woods to hunt and gain knowledge. He lived in a village near a lake.

One day at a full moon night, he entered the forest, from a distance he heard the faint sound of women who were joking. Encouraged by curiosity, he went looking for the directions of the sounds until finally he found a very beautiful lake in the middle of the woods, along with 7 very beautiful women who were bathing and joking, slowly Jaka Tarub walked over. Then he found some dresses and scarfs of them which lay scattered. After choosing, he stole one of them and hid it.

Some time went by, and the angels had to go back to  heaven. 6 of them wore their dresses and scarfs, and then flew into the night sky. Then Jaka Tarub understood that those women were the angels of heaven, but one of the angel left in the lake, because she lost her dress and scarf and she could not return to heaven. She was the youngest angel called Nawang Wulan, which according to legend is now known as Nyai Roro Kidul (Queen of South Beach)

Nawang Wulan was very sad then vowed: “If anyone find my dress and scarf, if a man, I will make him as a husband, and if a woman I will make her as a sister”. Jaka Tarub then appeared and comforted her. He gave a piece of cloth to be used by her, but still hid her dress, so she could not fly to the heaven and left him. The angel then fulfill her vow and married to Jaka Tarub.

There are other versions where Nawang Wulan didn’t need to vow like that. When she cried in the lake, Jaka Tarub immediately appeared, comforted her, and offered a place to stay for Nawang Wulan until later finally they got married and had a daughter, named Nawangsih.

During the marriage, Nawangwulan always used her supernatural power. One grain of rice can be cooked into one rice basket. One day Jaka Tarub broke the prohibition from Nawang Wulan to not open the rice cooker lid. Nawang Wulan consequently lost her supernatural powers. Since then she had to cook rice like any ordinary woman. Therefore supplied of rice was reduced. When one day Nawang Wulan took rice to be pounded,she saw a piece of cloth sticking out behind a pile of rice. When she noted it Nawang Wulan remembered that it was her angel dress. Finally she knew that all along Jaka Tarub who hid her angel dress and because the contents of the barn continued to decrease, finally she could find her dress back.

Nawang Wulan was upset knowing that her husband had stolen it, then she wore her angel dress again, said goodbye and asked Jaka Tarub to take good care of their daughter. Jaka Tarub begged her not to return to heaven, but Nawang  Wulan decision was made up. Just for the sake of her daughter Nawangsih she was willing to come down to earth. She flew to heaven and left Jaka Tarub crying in regret.

Nyai Roro Kidul ( Queen of the Southern Sea of Java)

Author :Kadika, This file is available under the terms of the license Creative Commons Attribution – Share Alike 3.0 (unimplemented) .

Nyai Roro Kidul is the figure of a beautiful woman who controlled the South Coast of Java, she is good spirits which are eager to help people in all kinds of difficulties. Based on the Javanese believes that the Queen of South is Goddess Nawang Wulan, angels from the heaven, which was once the wife of Jaka Tarub ( Jaka Tarub legend will be reviewed next), and they had children, which later from the descendants of Goddess Nawang Wulan and Jaka Tarub will birth the Kings of Java.

Goddess Nawang Wulan which after returning home to Heaven, was less well received in Heaven and came back down to the earth and meditated in the South Sea. Because of the meditation the seas became turbulent, made the King Sovereign of the south seas, Panguoso Sagoro became angry, and there was a war between them which actually ingenuity and arguments war. The winner was Goddess Nawang Wulan, then Goddess Nawang Wulan became Queen of the South Seas.

Conclusions about the Queen of South Sea is not just a fairy tale or superstition only. This is the real thing existing, but that does not include in the human nature, but rather in the nature of spirits, which can control the nature, both human nature and spirits nature and she can be classified as the Goddess of Nature, in this case the Goddess of the Sea.

Javanese people believe that Nyi Roro Kidul does exist and is closely related to the Sultan of Yogjakarta. Belief in the Queen of The South Seas is actualized well. A traditional ceremony held on the seashore in the south of Yogyakarta in every anniversary of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono (king of Yogyakarta). This ceremony is intended for the welfare of the sultan, and the people of Yogyakarta.

Belief in the the Queen of South Seas extending to the West Java area. Special room (number 308) on the top floor of the Ocean Beach Hotel, “Pelabuhan Ratu” Port of The Queen (one of the tourism attractions in Central Java), presented exclusively for the Queen of South Seas.Painting Nyai Roro Kidul,  in all-green color, and the smell of incense, decorate this room.  Anyone which wants to meet to the Queen, can go into this room, but must go through an intermediate, which presents an offering for the Queen. This room is also used by ex first president of Indonesia, President Soekarno.
Sometimes its mentioned that the Queen lived in “Kamar No. 13” of that Hotel, “Kamar” just means room in English. The truth of that No. couldn’t be proofed and the right room-no. really seems having been 308.

In these modern times, the legend of the Queen of South Seas, or Nyi Roro Kidul, is the most spectacular legend. Many of Indonesian or from other countries admitted that they have met a pretty queen wearing traditional Javanese dress in green. Due to this, people around the”Pelabuhan Ratu” believe that green is the favorite color of The Queen. If there are visitors of southern coast who also wear green clothes, then The Queen will drag their soul to be a servant. So the widespread myth is of the prohibition of wearing green-colored clothing when visiting the South Coast.

Actually there are explanations related to security reasons,  when we swam and dragged the waves wearing a green shirt, it will be difficult for rescue teams to find us. It also occurs in all the beaches, because the blue sea water, will, change the color to be green when the depth increases, drowning victims would be camouflaged by the color of the sea water. So, better to use light-colored clothing.

Many stories that many people drowned, due to wearing green clothes, as it described above, which the people there said that the victim body was taken by The Queen, because She didnt like it and was angry and made the victim as a victimizing. Actually it was not like that.The existence of the trough, because the junction between two tectonic plates, also called the seabed trench. Shaped like a crack rocks. So the victims of drowning could have slammed into it, swept, and then wedged between crack rocks, that was why Victim’s body did not reappear. Another version of The Queen from Wikipedia