Tag Archives: Map

The Magnificence of Mount Bromo in Java Island

As one of the most beautiful mountain in the island of Java, Mount Bromo is so crowded with tourists. There, you can see the desert that is so exotic, cool mountain atmosphere with a thick fog, a beautiful crater and sunrise views that so stunning.

 

The Tengger massif in Java, Indonesia, at sunrise, showing the volcanoes Mt. Bromo (large crater, smoking) and Mt. Semeru (background, smoking). The early morning fog surrounds the peaks, covering a plain of finest volcanic ashes. Source : Thomas Hirsch Author : Thomas Hirsch  GNU Free Documentation License
The Tengger massif in Java, Indonesia, at sunrise, showing the volcanoes Mt. Bromo (large crater, smoking) and Mt. Semeru (background, smoking). The early morning fog surrounds the peaks, covering a plain of finest volcanic ashes.
Source : Thomas Hirsch
Author : Thomas Hirsch
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Bromo name is taken from the word Brahma, the supreme god of Hindus. Mount Bromo is a volcano that still active and a very famous as a tourist attraction in Indonesia. Bromo has a height of 2,392 meters above sea level, and is located in 4 regions in East Java, namely, Pasuruan, Lumajang, Probolinggo and Malang.

Mount Bromo has a crater with a diameter of about 800 meters (north-south) and approximately 600 meters (east-west). While the danger area, a circle with a radius of 4 km from the central crater of Bromo.

Bromo incorporated in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) which includes Mount Bromo. TNBTS also includes Tengger tribe villages and the highest mountain in the island of Java, Mount Semeru.

If you come during the summer, you can see the sunrise and views of the mountains that wide stretches in the bright weather. The best time to come to Bromo is around the month of June to October.

Mount Bromo physical shape mesh between valleys and canyons with a caldera or a sea of ??sand, covering an area of ??10 square kilometers and there is a temple in the middle. To reach the crater of Mount Bromo and sea sand is not easy. If  not strong enough to climb by foot, we can rent horses with the price Rp 70,000 (7$).

 

Walking on the edge of Gunung Bromo volcano.  Author : Harri J from Doha ??????, Qatar GNU Free Documentation License.
Walking on the edge of Gunung Bromo volcano.
Author : Harri J from Doha ??????, Qatar
GNU Free Documentation License.

 

After that we had to climb 250 stairs, but do not worry, all the tiredness will pay off when it reached the peak. Seeing the beauty of the crater of Mount Bromo that secrete smoke and vast desert while waiting for the sunrise if we climb at dawn would look so beautiful. Moreover natural phenomenon Bromo is constantly extraordinary changing.

Once a year, Tengger residents of Bromo mountain, do Kasodo ceremony. The ceremony was held at the temple is located at the northern foot of Mount Bromo and continues up to the top of the mountain. Ceremony is held  every full moon on the 14th or 15 months Kasodo (tenth) according to the Javanese calendar.

Prepare enough warm clothes and head cap much needed to reduce the cold temperatures, considering the temperature there can reach 0 degrees Celsius.

 

Bromo eruption Source : Surabaya.detik.com
Bromo eruption
Source : Surabaya.detik.com

 

Even several times mount Bromo is erupted, the Center for Volcanic and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center said people on the mountain slopes are safe and do not need to evacuate.

Mount Bromo has different characteristics to other volcanoes. This mountain has a low volcanic, would only issue a sands and ashes.

 

Mount Bromo Eruption

 

Legend of Mount Bromo

Ancient legend said there was a girl that lived in the affluent village near Mount Bromo, her name is Rara Anteng. She’s very pretty, friendly, humble, and diligent. She married a young man, Jaka Seger.

Jaka Seger and Rara Anteng were happy couple but they did not have a child. Therefore they pray to God. Soon an old man appeared and said, “you will have twenty-five children, but you have to sacrifice your son most small / young”.

Several months later Rara Anteng given gift of a baby. They were very happy. After a few years they  had twenty-five children. The youngest named Warih Kusuma.

One night Jaka Seger remember the message of the old man and talk to his wife. After that they head into the crater of Mount Bromo to pray to God because they can not sacrifice Warih Kusuma. Instantly the sky became dark and they heard the sound of thunder. They ran away from the crater.

Once the lightning had subsided, Warih Kusuma disappeared. They heard the sound of Warih Kusuma from inside crater, “Please let me go, but  give offerings every year”.

Finally Jaka Seger and Rara Anteng let Warih Kusuma go. Tengger name is taken from Jaka Tengger and Rara Anteng , since then Tengger residents always presents of livestock and agricultural produce at the Kasodo ceremony.

 

Bromo Mountain

 

Location of Mount Bromo


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“Gadang House”, The traditional house of Minang (Minangkabau) in Sumatera Island

Rumah gadang (Gadang House) is a traditional house that is the result of Minangkabau ethnic cultures who live in Bukit Barisan, along the western coast of central Sumatra island. Just as the house in the equatorial regions, rumah gadang generally built on pilings (the stage) has cavity at the bottom which is high enough so can provide fresh air especially in the summer.

 

Bukit Barisan
Bukit Barisan

 

In addition, Gadang house built lined up according to the direction of the wind from the north to the south in order to be free from the sun and wind.
Roof that is tapered is a typical architecture that distinguishes it from other tribes building in equatorial latitudes that.

 

Gadang Palace Freddy's doc.
Gadang Palace
Freddy’s doc.

 

Gadang houses have characteristic which are very distinctive. Essentially a form is quadrangle of beams that expands upward. Sharp lines and gentle curved sectional with lower middle part. Curved roofs are very sharp like buffalo horns, while the form of the house curved and  ramps like the ship hull. Roofs made from palm fiber.

 

Gadang roof Freddy's doc.
Gadang roof
Freddy’s doc.

 

If it is seen in terms of its function, Gadang houses show the adjustment to the tropical nature. Useful roof taper to release sediment on fibers that are layered, so that rain water will glide quickly on its roof.

Gadang highly exalted even considered sacred. As the venerable and considered sacred every person who come into gadang house would wash his feet first down the stairs. There is provided a wide flat rock, called “Batu Telapakan” which is also a place of water from rock called “Cibuk Meriau” and a bucket of water from the wood named “Taring Berpanto”.

Minangkabau society harmonize life in a natural, harmonious and dynamic, so that their life embraced dialectical theory which they call “bakarano bakajadian” (causal and effect), conflict and balance. Their work which menumental like rumah gadang also contains that philosophy.

 

About West Sumatera

Location of  Bukit Barisan in Sumatera Island


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More information about this house can be seen at Rumah Gadang (Wikipedia)

Monkey Forest, One of the beautiful monkeys residence in Ubud Bali

Ubud Monkey Forest (Wanara Wana) is a nature reserve and temple complex in Ubud-Bali. This park is home to approximately 340 monkeys which are known as long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Ubud Monkey Forest is a sacred popular tourist attraction in Ubud and often visited by over 10,000 tourists per month.

Ubud Monkey Forest, Ubud, Indonesia (Wikipedia)
Author : Merbabu

 

Padangtegal Wenara Wana Ubud Monkey Forest Foundation  and the villagers of PadangTegal work together to manage and operate Ubud Monkey Forest, and also to maintain the sanctity of the park and promote the holy site as a tourist destination.

 

Dalem Agung Padangtegal Temple, Monkey Forest, Ubud, Ubud, Gianyar, Bali, Indonesia
GNU Free Documentation License (Wikipedia)

 

The Monkey Forest attractions are located in Pakraman Padangtegal Ubud Village and have a total area of 10 hectares is the focus for the tourist, because this area has many forms of behavior patterns of nature and life with the religious atmosphere. In addition to the forest and see monkeys living directly in the wild, tourists who come there can also see that there are three temples in the jungle Monkey Forest tourism which is known by the worlwide, related with indigenous communities Padangtegal. The reason comes from an emotional connection in which this structure is a paradise where the Pura Desa Adat Padangtegal as a “source of sanctity” of the other temples there, named Pura (Temple) Agung Dalem. 

Pura Dalem Agung is located in the southwest of the local forest. This temple is the main attraction in the hills of Padangtegal and is the most important place in the forest. In this area also exist Prajapati temple, the place where cremation is located in the east and along the parameter funeral are held. With the daily activities of people who live in traditional and religious ways, make the Monkey Forest has an area for tourism as cultural attractions.

In the monkey forest area there is also the Holy Spring Temple. In this Holy Spring temple you can make a wish by throwing a coin into the fish pond. The existence of Monkey Forest attraction development began around 1970. Conditions were much different at this time. At first the forest which full of monkeys did not get much attention. Box of donation is provided for contributing in financing and maintaining area.

The number of tourists that visit who want to see monkeys in the region make Monkey Forest in Bali become very popular. Further development in an effort to preserve the existence of attraction started with the enactment of admission tickets to the visitor and the price is very affordable.

At the entrance visitors can buy bananas to give to hundreds of monkeys in the jungle. Monkeys here are more benign than the monkeys in different places like in Uluwatu and Sangeh, because the guards routinely feed them 3 times a day. Upon entering the Monkey Forest tourism area or the Ubud Monkey Forest, visitors or tourists will be treated to views of lush forests. A river running through the woods adds to the attractions. Most visitors were attracted by the activities from various of monkeys in the forest.

Hundreds of gray monkeys in the forest are divided into five major groups which have territorial and have a different leader. Between one group to another group, monkeys live apart within the limits of their territory. If a monkey passed through to the other monkey boundaries, there will be a fight between groups of monkeys. The seriousness of the traditional village to manage this attraction can be seen from the more professional treatment of the area.

The Monkey Forest in this case not only as a tourist attraction, but  traditional villager are now trying to open the  tourism region to develop the existing village. One way is to establish the Center for Data and Information Padangtegal Indigenous Village.

Monkey Forest in addition to the attraction is also a center for research and conservation. The monkeys are in that place not only as a spectacle, but also as an important component in spiritual and community life which is also used as a research site of research institutions around the world.

From the results of studies that have been carried out, the monkeys are often nomadic. Each group has its own life. Group leader is always followed by the members. Monkeys Bali are mostly females (matrilines) while the male monkeys usually migrate.

 

Me and Ubud Female Monkey

 

 

Eating banana on my back!

 

Families monkeys

 

Monkey around the temple

 

Female monkey with childs in front of the Temple

 

me with the one of monkey boss :))

 

He didnt want to let me go! 😀

 

 

 

 

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Orang Utans have to be rescued!

Orangutans are amazing species of ape. Orangutans only live on the island of Borneo and Sumatra, which is divided into two generic species, Pongo pygmaeus (Orangutan of Borneo) and Pongo abelii (Sumatran Orangutan). 90% of the Orangutan population live in Indonesia, while 10% the rest can be found in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia. In Sumatra, the largest population is found in the Leuser Ecosystem, while the Borneo Orangutans can be found in West Kalimantan (Borneo), Central and East.

 

Orangutan in the German Zoo “Tierpark Hellabrunn” in Munich
Author : Werner Gut , http://www.wernergut.de/

 

Orangutan at Berlin Zoo, Germany.
Author : David Arvidsson
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

Wild Orangutan spotted in Kutai National Park, Borneo, Indonesia.
Author : Neil – WWW.NEILSRTW.BLOGSPOT.COM
Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

 

In Malay language, Orangutan means “man of the forest/woods”  have a very high intelligence, with 97 percent of their DNA that identical to human.

Estimated current populations less than 30,000 individuals spread across two distribution regions (Sumatera and Kalimantan). According to estimates, the number of wild Orang Utans in the the forest of Sumatra contained only about 6500-7500 individuals. And wild Orang Utans in Borneo contained approximately 12000-13000 individuals. This is a reduction of the amount present in the last 10 years (30% – 50% reduction amount). Orang Utans spent more time (about 90 per cent) in the trees in the tropical rain forest, their habitat.

Orangutans even sleep in the nest made from twigs and leaf piles in the tree. They like to use wide leaves like banana leaves as an umbrella to protect themselves from the rain, and more solitary than other apes. When browsing the depth of forest, the male Orangutans making noises and shouting to ensure they are not disturbed by the presence of other Orangutans. Shouts of “long call” can be heard up to 2 kilometers. Scientists say that the individuals Orangutan requires browsing area approximately 150 acres. Shouts of adult male Orangutans absolutely amazing. Long duration of the call for about one minute even four minutes. The voice of Orangutans in Borneo forest is the most loud and scary.

 

The differences between Male and Female Orangutan

In general, male Orangutans have cheek pad on both cheeks and their size two times larger than females. Weight of males could reach 90-110 kg  and 1.2 to 1.5 m long. Male Orangutans are not friendly, they will defend the area which they regard as their residence, they will even fight with other Orangutans if necessary.

Average Orangutans females weight could reach 60 kg and 1 to 1.2 m long. Females give birth usually produce one descendant within 8 years.  8 to 9 years, babies Orangutans sticking to their mother for 2 years they will begin to learn skills from their mothers for survival. They will leave their mother and go with other young Orangutans at age 8 years and at age 15 years, Orangutans will live by their own will.

Orangutans have a long stretch of hand. Adult males can stretch their arms up to 2 meters from fingertips in one hand to the other hand fingertips and even exceed the average of their height. When the Orangutan stood upright their hands will barely touch the ground.

Borneo Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) have the physical characteristics of a larger body, dark or reddish brown, hairs sparse and short and in the baby appears there patches of reddish color or greenish.
Sumatran Orangutans (Pongo abelli) physical features body look smaller, light-colored or orange and arms longer than legs.

 

Orangutan rehabilitation centre, Buket Lawang ,Sumatra.
Author : Original uploader was Dave59 at en.wikipedia
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Bornean Orangutan
Author : Ltshears
Public Domain

 

These intelligent primates looking for food during the day, with the composition of the menu consists mainly of fruit and forest leaves. They also eat the bark, insects, rarely eat meat and to get a water, they were punching holes in the trunks of trees that are useful to collect rain water and drink it by sipping from his wrist. Orangutans also take the form of mineral food from the soil but in very small quantities.

Because orangutans are scattered in several places and highly dependent on the presence of trees, they are vulnerable to the impacts of logging. Unfortunately, deforestation and other human activities such as hunting, whether it’s to be traded as pets or to eat their meat.
The more sad is when the hunter want to get the babies of Orangutans, they had to kill their mother and if the babies survived falling from a tree  their were taken by the poachers. All those things that are caused the extinction of orangutans

Borneo Orangutan Survival (BOS) is currently engaged efforts to acquire lands ex-concession in Borneo to be used as a place to release rehabilitated orangutans back to their habitat. In order to save these species, the preservation of the natural habitat of Orangutans are the thing to do.

In 20 years this decade, according to the IUCN in 1993 approximately 80% of their habitat has been lost or destroyed. And IUCN calculate, if this situation has not changed, or stay like this, then in 10-20 years the Orangutans will be extinct. So that International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN/2004), made the category Critically Endangered / critical for Sumatran Orangutans and the Endangered / threatened species for the Orangutans of Borneo.

Orang Utans can be regarded as an indicator of the quality of forest ecosystem. When life in the treetops can be run properly, will highly affect the ecosystem beneath it. Therefore, it is important to preserve the Orangutans if we are determined to save the Earth from the threat of global warming, a phenomenon closely related to the systematic destruction of forests over the last century.

 

Destruction of Forests, Habitat of Orangutans

In Indonesia there exist several reasons that Forests as the natural habitat of Orangutans and other wild animals are reduced. Just mentioning legal reasons now from humans side the most natural reason is that the Indonesian Population grows and needs more land. Some industries force the deforestation drastically, mostly the need and retrieval of palm-oil is mentioned. Nestle company blamed by Greenpeace because of deforesting large areas to plant palm tree and using palm-oil for making chocolate in large amounts.

An Article of Greenpace about palm-oil you can find here: http://www.greenpeace.org/ … -plan-to-halt-forest-destruction/.

Another usage of palm-oil as a alternative fossil burning also coming from some countries, such as Germany and Austria.

Currently there is a large mining-project planed and to avoid, where a lot of forest shall be taken and many Orang Utans – beside lots of others animals and plants – would be killed.

We appreciate your signing of the petition, further information is shown following the link: Bornean orangutans need our help, pls sign the petition

Before slaughtered, orang utan hugged her child  , although this news in the Indonesian language, you can translate it into the language you want. You should read this news…Online-translation:

In our article about Sumatra-Tigers  you can know more about other companies who deforest the places where endangered animals live, like they never lived or exist there. Heartless!!

 

Habitats of Orang Utans in Borneo and Sumatra
Habitats of Orang Utans in Borneo and Sumatra