Tag Archives: Nature

The Magnificence of Mount Bromo in Java Island

As one of the most beautiful mountain in the island of Java, Mount Bromo is so crowded with tourists. There, you can see the desert that is so exotic, cool mountain atmosphere with a thick fog, a beautiful crater and sunrise views that so stunning.

 

The Tengger massif in Java, Indonesia, at sunrise, showing the volcanoes Mt. Bromo (large crater, smoking) and Mt. Semeru (background, smoking). The early morning fog surrounds the peaks, covering a plain of finest volcanic ashes. Source : Thomas Hirsch Author : Thomas Hirsch  GNU Free Documentation License
The Tengger massif in Java, Indonesia, at sunrise, showing the volcanoes Mt. Bromo (large crater, smoking) and Mt. Semeru (background, smoking). The early morning fog surrounds the peaks, covering a plain of finest volcanic ashes.
Source : Thomas Hirsch
Author : Thomas Hirsch
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Bromo name is taken from the word Brahma, the supreme god of Hindus. Mount Bromo is a volcano that still active and a very famous as a tourist attraction in Indonesia. Bromo has a height of 2,392 meters above sea level, and is located in 4 regions in East Java, namely, Pasuruan, Lumajang, Probolinggo and Malang.

Mount Bromo has a crater with a diameter of about 800 meters (north-south) and approximately 600 meters (east-west). While the danger area, a circle with a radius of 4 km from the central crater of Bromo.

Bromo incorporated in the Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park (TNBTS) which includes Mount Bromo. TNBTS also includes Tengger tribe villages and the highest mountain in the island of Java, Mount Semeru.

If you come during the summer, you can see the sunrise and views of the mountains that wide stretches in the bright weather. The best time to come to Bromo is around the month of June to October.

Mount Bromo physical shape mesh between valleys and canyons with a caldera or a sea of ??sand, covering an area of ??10 square kilometers and there is a temple in the middle. To reach the crater of Mount Bromo and sea sand is not easy. If  not strong enough to climb by foot, we can rent horses with the price Rp 70,000 (7$).

 

Walking on the edge of Gunung Bromo volcano.  Author : Harri J from Doha ??????, Qatar GNU Free Documentation License.
Walking on the edge of Gunung Bromo volcano.
Author : Harri J from Doha ??????, Qatar
GNU Free Documentation License.

 

After that we had to climb 250 stairs, but do not worry, all the tiredness will pay off when it reached the peak. Seeing the beauty of the crater of Mount Bromo that secrete smoke and vast desert while waiting for the sunrise if we climb at dawn would look so beautiful. Moreover natural phenomenon Bromo is constantly extraordinary changing.

Once a year, Tengger residents of Bromo mountain, do Kasodo ceremony. The ceremony was held at the temple is located at the northern foot of Mount Bromo and continues up to the top of the mountain. Ceremony is held  every full moon on the 14th or 15 months Kasodo (tenth) according to the Javanese calendar.

Prepare enough warm clothes and head cap much needed to reduce the cold temperatures, considering the temperature there can reach 0 degrees Celsius.

 

Bromo eruption Source : Surabaya.detik.com
Bromo eruption
Source : Surabaya.detik.com

 

Even several times mount Bromo is erupted, the Center for Volcanic and Geological Disaster Mitigation Center said people on the mountain slopes are safe and do not need to evacuate.

Mount Bromo has different characteristics to other volcanoes. This mountain has a low volcanic, would only issue a sands and ashes.

 

Mount Bromo Eruption

 

Legend of Mount Bromo

Ancient legend said there was a girl that lived in the affluent village near Mount Bromo, her name is Rara Anteng. She’s very pretty, friendly, humble, and diligent. She married a young man, Jaka Seger.

Jaka Seger and Rara Anteng were happy couple but they did not have a child. Therefore they pray to God. Soon an old man appeared and said, “you will have twenty-five children, but you have to sacrifice your son most small / young”.

Several months later Rara Anteng given gift of a baby. They were very happy. After a few years they  had twenty-five children. The youngest named Warih Kusuma.

One night Jaka Seger remember the message of the old man and talk to his wife. After that they head into the crater of Mount Bromo to pray to God because they can not sacrifice Warih Kusuma. Instantly the sky became dark and they heard the sound of thunder. They ran away from the crater.

Once the lightning had subsided, Warih Kusuma disappeared. They heard the sound of Warih Kusuma from inside crater, “Please let me go, but  give offerings every year”.

Finally Jaka Seger and Rara Anteng let Warih Kusuma go. Tengger name is taken from Jaka Tengger and Rara Anteng , since then Tengger residents always presents of livestock and agricultural produce at the Kasodo ceremony.

 

Bromo Mountain

 

Location of Mount Bromo


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The beauty of Bunaken island that is recognized by UNESCO

Bunaken Island is famous for Forest Park in the middle of the ocean or sea which had entered the National Park and has the highest biodiversity in the world oceans.

Bunaken Island is located in the north of Sulawesi, precisely in the Bay of Manado, and is included the territory of Indonesia. The extent of approximately 8.08 km2, but if totalized, Bunaken island has an area of ??approximately 75,265 hectares with five islands in it, among others: the island of  Manado Tua, Siladen Island, Mantehage Island, Naen Island and some islands from Mantehage island protected within the Bunaken National Park.

 

Bunaken Island Wikipedia GNU Free Documentation License
Bunaken Island
Wikipedia
GNU Free Documentation License

 

The island of Bunaken to Manado Tua Island Source :Own work Author : Btv70  GNU Free Documentation License
The island of Bunaken to Manado Tua Island
Source : Wikipedia
Author : Btv70
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Bunaken National Park is representative for Indonesian tropical water ecosystems consisting of mangrove ecosystems, sea grass beds, coral reefs, land and coastal ecosystems.

The name “Bunaken” is known far abroad as one of the best dive sites in the world. Indonesia as a country with many islands in the world has plenty of magnificent beaches and marine biodiversity. In the Bunaken Marine Park the visitors will see the various forms of marine life which are beautiful and colorful.

 

Bunaken marine park at North Sulawesi, Indonesia. Source :Wikipedia Author : Borgx Public Domain
Bunaken marine park at North Sulawesi, Indonesia.
Source : Wikipedia
Author : Borgx
Public Domain

 

Bunaken Island lined up from the southeast to the northwest part of the island. In this region also exist Great Underwater Walls which are often called the Hanging Walls or giant rock walls that stand vertically and curved upward.

According to the records, there are about 91 species of fish and live in the Bunaken Marine Park, while coral reefs totaling 13 species domination by the majority of marine rocks.

There are 20 point dive for scuba diving that could be enjoyed by the visitors who want to get the sensation while swimming in the bottom of the sea with a variety of marine life around.

Other than that view of the ocean still can be seen not only through diving, but in a way by boarding semi submarine ships that can be found offshore Bunaken Island. This ships have walls of glass, so visitors can see the view of the sea.

Bunaken National Park was established in 1991 and on 2005 UNESCO made ??Bunaken becoming one of the world heritage and made the tourism in that area  more popular.

 

Bunaken Island sightseeing

 

Diving in Bunaken Marine Park 

 

 Location of Bunaken Island


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Cemetery Trunyan, unique burial customs in Bali Island Indonesia

Terunyan is a village located in the district of Kintamani, Bangli Regency, Batur Lake, Bali, Indonesia. In this area there are traditional funerall that are quite unique. Residents who had been died were burried in the great stone which has 7 pieces cavity.

 

Batur Volcano and Lake, Lesser Sunda Islands, IndonesiaAuthor : TropicaLiving Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Batur Volcano and Lake, Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia
Author : TropicaLiving
Licensed under the
Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

The body is only fenced by a sufficiently woven bamboo. Uniquely after days though not embalmed, the bodies are not spreading a foul smell.

Custom village of  Terunyan is set procedure to bury their communities. In this village there are three  graves (sema) that are intended for three different kinds of deaths.

When one Trunyan resident died in natural way, the body will be covered with a white cloth, consecrated, and then laid without buried under a big tree called Taru Menyan (incent), at the location that is called Sema Wayah . However, if the cause of death is not natural, such as accident, suicide, or murdered, the  body will be placed in a location called Sema Bantas. Meanwhile, to bury babies and young children, or people who’ve grown but not married, will be placed at Sema Muda .

 

Trunyan, Kintamani, Bangli, Bali, IndonesiaGNU Free Documentation License .
Trunyan, Kintamani, Bangli, Bali, Indonesia
GNU Free Documentation License .

 

Explanation why the bodies were placed with neat in the grave odorless, even naturally buried and still occur decomposition of the corpses, it is caused by the Taru Menyan tree (Taru Incense Tree), which can release fragrance and is able to neutralize foul smell of corpses. Taru means fragrant incense. The Taru incense tree only grows in this area then known as a  Tarumenyan and more famous by the name Terunyan that is believed to be the origin of the village name. (Wikipedia)

In cemetery Trunyan, there are boards “Welcome to cemetery Trunyan Village”. Thereafter through the board then you will come across a small gate and the stately trees namely Trunyan trees.

The dead bodies there are just laid and covered in white cloth, and the bodies of which are visible only the legs and heads, fenced with woven bamboo that is plugged in the form of cone. The Wonders of nature in there is the dead bodies not cause a foul smell and also safe from insects such as flies, worms, and other activities as we met in the flesh rotting.

Trunyan Village, also known as a Fragrant Wood Village, means Village of Fragrant Tree (Nyan Tree). So Terunyan tree means the fragrant tree. Local people believe that the Trunyan tree can suck up odor corpses in the cemetery.

Not everyone can be buried in the cemetery of Trunyan. The Trunyan cemetary is devoted only to people who are considered death in an normal condition (clean) and had already married, but although the death is normal, but not yet married then it should not be buried in the cemetery of Trunyan, so also the death due to accident and sickness then it also not allowed.

There were only 11 graves used for 11 bodies, if there will be a new body to be buried, then the old body will be replaced with a new body, and the old body will be moved to another place but still in the cemetery area.

Belongings of the dead also saved around their buried place.

 

Trunyan Village in Bali

 


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“Garuda Wisnu Kencana” (GWK), Cultural Park in Bali, Indonesia

Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park or commonly abbreviated as GWK, is a tourist park in the southern island of Bali that is located in Unggasan Hill, Jimbaran, Nusa Dua Cape, Badung regency, approximately 40 kilometers in Southern Denpasar.

Garuda Wisnu Kencana is above the limestone plateau, in height 146 meters above the ground surface or 263 meters above the sea surface. In the area of the cultural park is planned to set up a landmark of Bali, that is a giant statue of Vishnu God riding a Garuda (Big Eagle) and is as high as 12 meters. This giant statue is the work of renowned sculptor Bali, I Nyoman Nuarta. This monument was developed as park of culture and become an icon for tourism in Bali and Indonesia. Garuda Wisnu Kencana is the manifestation of modern culture and ancient traditions.

 

Garuda Wisnu Kencana Statue, not finished…

 

Garuda Wisnu Kencana is the largest mega project in Bali, plans to build the statue as high as 146 meters, with 66 meter eagle wingspan, estimated to have weighed 4000 tons. From the total land area of 200 hectares are planned, currently is managed 100 acres, and work is completed only about 15%  up to now and newly completed the half-body statue of Vishnu God, Garuda bird’s head, and hands of Vishnu. Although only a small part of manufacture, but it already looked magnificent and beautiful.

Garuda Wisnu Kencana seems to be a mega project in Bali. Statue of Vishnu God is planned to be built with the position of riding Garuda. Mega projects that is planned to be completed within 10 years (1995-2005) run into congestion, and its development can be seen in a few years ago, now only half-formed head and body of Lord Vishnu and Garuda bird’s head. In 2009, the hands of Vishnu God had been sent to the location of GWK. Planned that when all components have been fully completed and sent to the location, the location of the statue which is currently half-finished, will be be moved to the appointed place, all components will be assembled and will be formed as the Statue of Garuda Wisnu Kencana in accordance to the replica.

 

Vishnu God Statue, also not finished yet..

 

Statue of Vishnu, the Hindus god is the Preserver god (Sthiti), the keeper of universe, who rides the eagle bird. A masterpiece inspired by the story of Adi Parwa, in the episode about devotion and sacrifice of the eagle bird to save his mother from slavery then the bird serve to Vishnu God to be his vehicle that finally is protected by him.

 

Cultural park Garuda Wisnu Kencana

 

This statue has a visibility of up to 20 km, so this place can be seen from Kuta, Sanur, Nusa Dua to Tanah Lot and is made from a mixture of copper, brass and steel, in certain parts will be coated with a mosaic of gold weighing 4,000 tons. With a height of 75 meters and 60 meters wide it will show the size of an eagle’s head that is really very big. It’s hard to imagine that eventually the whole form of eagle will become very big, but this project had been halted due to funding problems.

When the statue GWK is completed, it will be the biggest and highest statue in the world, exceeding the statue of Liberty in United States that it height is 46 meters and weight 204 tons.

Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue is expected to stimulate the balance, so the natural harmony can be created. Garuda Wisnu Kencana statue is a symbol of environmental and world rescue mission. Cultural park is also to educate people, especially the younger generation to preserve the national heritage.

 

Garuda Wisnu Kencana Plaza hall at southern Bali

 

Cultural park in GWK location

 

 Garuda Wisnu Kencana Cultural Park Bali, Indonesia

 


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Ulun Danu Bratan, Bedugul, another beautiful attraction place in Bali

Bedugul is a tourist attraction that is no less interesting with other places in Bali. Located in the hills with a very cool weather, in the village of Yellow Temple, Baturit subdistrict, Tabanan district, approximately 45 km away from the center of the district (Tabanan), and the distance 50 km from Denpasar town to the northern region, following the temple area highway to go to the place which is located on the edge of Bratan/Beratan lake, the second largest lake in Bali. Boats are also rented for the visitors who want to enjoy the beauty of the lake.

 

Ulun Danu Bratan Temple
Photographer : Anton Raharja

 

Ulun Danu Bratan lake, Bedugul, Bali

 

As well as the other tourist attractions in Bali there are also some Hindus temples as a venue for religious events in this location. The famous temple in this place is “Ulun Danu (Ulun Lake) Temple” or is also named as a “Ulun Danu Bratan” temple.

 

Ulun Danu Bratan temple in the middle of the lake

 

Scenery of Ulun Danu bratan lake and the temple

 

The temple is characterized by the existence of several levels (11 levels) on the top of temple. The form of the temple can be  described as a tower  building , where the lowest level has the largest size. Each level has a special function for worship, level 11 for Vishnu, level 7 for Brahma and level 3 for Shiva (Hindus God).

 

Ulun Danu Bratan Temple area

 

Ulun Danu Bratan temple

 

Ulun Danu Bratan consist of 4 complex of the temples, that are: “Linga Petak” temple, “Pucak Penataran Mangu” temple, Terate Bang temple, and “Dalem Purwa” temple, which all functioning as a place of worship to The God in their manifestation as a Tri Murti (Brahma, Shiva, Vishnu) in order to invoke the grace of fertility, prosperity, human well-being and sustainability of the universe. The Hindus who is came there also for praying to “Danu Goddess”, the Goddess of water, to ask for fertility. Ulun Danu Bratan is known as a center of Balinese irrigation.

 

waiting for the sunset…

 

In the front left yard of  Ulun Danu Bratan, there are sarcophagus and stone board that are came from megalithic era around 500 BC. At this moment both artifacts are placed on the top of Babaturan or terrace which is estimated as the location of  Ulun Danu Temple and had been used as a place of ritual activities since the time of the ancient megalithic. Religious ritual ceremony still continues to this day.

 

Ceremony of Hinduism religion (customary of Bali) at Ulun Danu Bratan

 

Ceremony of Hinduism religion (customary of Bali) at Ulun Danu Bratan

 

Ceremony of Hinduism religion (Bali Customs) at Ulun Danu Bratan Bedugul Bali

 

Ulun Danu Temple and Bratan Lake

 


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“Tanah Lot” One of the Fantastic places in Bali, Indonesia

Tanah Lot is one of the famous sights on the island of Bali,  located in the Village Beraban, Kediri District, Tabanan Regency. The distance is about 13 km to the west of the city of Tabanan. From Ngurah Rai airport can be reached in less than 1 hours drive.

 

Temple on the big rock in the middle of the sea
Photographer : Anton Raharja

 

Temple on the big rock was behind me

 

Tanah Lot is a tourist attraction in Bali that offers the natural beauty of the sunset. The uniqueness of Pura Tanah Lot is that the place is located in the middle of the sea about 300 meters from the beach which also there is the large rock with a large cave in the middle of it.

 

The Cave in the middle of the rock

 

The Cave, also the place  for Hindu religious ceremony, worship to the guardians God of the sea.

 

Here there are two temples located at the top of the large rock. One is located at the top of the boulder which, when the tide is high the temple will be seen surrounded by sea water and the other one is located on the north on the top of the cliff, jutting into the sea. This cliff becomes a liaison between the temple in the middle of the sea and the mainland which is shaped like a curved bridge.

Pura (Temple) Tanah Lot as a temple in the middle of the sea is the worship place to the guardian gods of  the sea. Usually visitors will come in the afternoon to see the beautiful sunset.

 

On the rock, at Tanah lot location

 

Tanah Lot is derived from  the word “Tanah” that is interpreted as the land, and “Lot” means the sea. So Tanah Lot interpreted as the land that is in the middle of the sea. Pura Tanah Lot was founded in the 15th century by a Hindus priest named Nirartha from the Kingdom of Majapahit (on Java Island) on his way to spread the Hindu religion from the land of Java in the 16th century. Before giving the instructions to set up a temple in this place, he felt the vibrations of purity and obtained spiritual perfection.

According to the Legend, Danghyang Nirartha who successfully strengthened the confidence of the local community about the teachings of Hinduism, the sacred leader in that place named Bendesa Beraban felt threatened because many of his followers became followers of Danghyang Nirarta. Then Bendesa ordered Danghyang Nirartha to leave Tanah Lot.

He agreed but before leaving the Tanah Lot, with all his strength he moved the stone blocks to the middle of the beach and built the temples there. He also changed his scarf into a snake as a temple guardians. The snakes are still exist to this day and they are species of sea snakes that have a characteristic flat tail like a fish, striped black and yellow color. Bendesa Beraban was amazed and later became followers of Danghyang Nirartha.

In some small tunnels in the vicinity of the barrier reef of Pura Tanah Lot are places where the striped snakes that are benign are located and trusted by society as the guardian of the temple. Around the temple there are freshwater springs which can be seen during low tide. The existence of the spring water had been a major consideration when this place was chosen as the location of the temple.

 

Beautiful Scenery of Tanah Lot
Photographer : Anton Raharja

 

Tanah Lot currently is managed professionally, equipped with various facilities. Entrance fee includes accident insurance and for every vehicle that enters the Tanah Lot location, accident insurance is directly covered by the pay parking fees.

 

 

Beautiful Sunset of Tanah Lot Bali

 


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Sumatran tigers are nearly extinct!

Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) is one of five subspisies tiger (Panthera tigris) in the world that still survive. Including the endangered Sumatran tigers which are also the only sub-species of tigers that still belongs to Indonesia after the two brothers, Bali tiger (Panthera tigris balica) and Java Tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) declared extinct.

These animals can only be found on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Population of them that are living in the wild is estimated to 400-500. Sumatran tigers more rare and are categorized as endangered species. There are at least 250 Sumatran tigers that kept in zoos worldwide.

The impact of destruction of forests by APP is not only devastating the environment but also threaten the Sumatran tigers balance. Sumatran forest destruction by APP to supply the pulp and paper industries which also used for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.

 

Sumatra-Tiger in German Zoo in Augsburg
Photographer : Werner Gut (http://www.wernergut.de/)

 

This rare cat could live anywhere, from lowland forests to mountain forest and lived in many places which not protected. Sumatran tigers are the smallest tiger subspecies, have the darkest color among all the other tiger subspecies, the black pattern of them sized width and tightly.

 

Panthera Tigris Sumatrae , German Zoo in  Frankfurt 
Author : From de.wikipedia, originally uploaded by en: User: Wilfred
Photographer / Source: Petra Karstedt

 

Their small size makes it easier to move through the jungle. There is a membrane in between the fingers that make them able to swim fast. Tigers are known to drive hoofed prey into the water, especially if the prey animal is a slow swimmer. This cat patiently stalking their prey before attacking from behind or the side. They eat anything that can be captured, generally boar and deer, and sometimes poultry, fish, and orangutans. They are also able to swim and climb a tree when hunting prey.

Male Sumatran tiger has the average length of 92 inches from the head to tail with a weight of 300 pounds. Females average 78 inches in length and weighs 200 pounds. Sumatran tiger stripes are thinner than other tiger subspecies. This subspecies also had more beard hair and mane than other subspecies, especially the male tiger.

Sumatran tiger can live up to 10-15 years. females generally start breeding at 3-4 years of age. The gestation period lasts between 95-110 days. Females can give birth to six babies, but normally is 2-3 babies. Their fur change color to dark green when giving birth. The babies will stay with their mother until the age of 18-24 months until they are able to be independent in nature.

Sumatran tiger food depending where they live and how abundant prey. Sumatran tigers are generally solitary except during mating season and will be together with female and their children.

 

 

The main threats for Sumatran tigers are habitat destructions and hunting. Deforestation continues even in the national park that should protect them. Recorded 66 tigers were killed between 1998 and 2000.

In the effort to rescue the Sumatran tiger from extinction,  Taman Safari Indonesia (Indonesian Safari Park) is appointed by the 20 zoos in the world as the Sumatran tigers Breeding Center, “studbook keeper” and sperm storage (Genome Bank Rescue) for Sumatran tigers. An expert from the Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG), Kathy Traylor-Holzer said that the genetic purity of Sumatran tigers (Panthera tigris sumatrae) are highest in the conservation agencies of Taman Safari Indonesia which is located in West Java.  That statement presented at the “Global Species Management System” (GSMS) for Sumatran tigers, which was held at the Royal Safari Garden Hotel.

Experts from Conservation Breeding Specialist Group (CBSG) said that from more or less 100 zoos in Japan, only four zoos that have Sumatran tigers and the number are only seven left.

While in the European region there are 104 Sumatran tigers, in the North American Region there are 69, Australia 51 and in Indonesia zoos there are 96. According to Kathy Traylor-Holzer, Sumatran tigers at Taman Safari Indonesia has the highest genetic purity which reached 93.3 percent.

 

Sumatran Tiger at Melbourne Zoo
Author : Merbabu
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Outside of Indonesia, she said that the genetic purity to the highest Sumatran tigers held by the North American region that is equal to 89.8 percent, then Europe with 86.9 percent, Australia 86.2 percent and Japan with 77.8 percent. She also said that the genetic purity is necessary to protect the existence of Sumatran tigers at the zoo.

Drs. Manansang Jansen, MSc, President SEAZA (Association of Zoos South-East Asia) also said that genetic purity of the Sumatran tigers that achieved by Taman Safari Indonesia  is possible, because they manage the population of Sumatran tigers strictly.

Taman Safari Indonesia will be pleased to assist purification genetic of Sumatra tigers in zoos around the world, but the tiger which will be sent, must fulfill license that set by the laws of Indonesia. Beside that, the Sumatran tigers that would be sent, have to be from the breeding, not from wildlife.

 

Tiger park safari Indonesia (Taman Safari Indonesia)
Public domain

 

 

 

Sumatra Island, and some location of the Sumatran tigers


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The following text was translated from the Indonesian source: http://www.greenpeace.or.id/, naskah diterbitkan pada 26 Juli, 2011

The Tiger driven out from their home

In early July, a year ago, there was a sad news. Sumatran tiger “The King of the jungle” died in a tragic way. This incident documented by Greenpeace when The Tiger was trying to be saved by a team of Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA) Riau-Sumatra. The tiger died in his own territory, which later the place changed into Acacia plantations, owned by APP, Pulp and paper giant company that continues to destroy Indonesia’s forests.

This sad video showing the price that have to be paid by wildlife for their home that missing.

The Sumatran tiger was found already trapped for 7 days. Forest officials arrived to give him a sedative, tried to save and evacuate him, but the Sumatran tigers could not be saved.

The impact of destruction forests by APP is not only devastated but also threaten climate balance of Sumatran tiger. Destruction forest by APP is to supply the pulp and paper for some industries which also used them for packaging products of Hasbro, Mattel and Disney. Destruction of natural forests is continuously forcing the tiger of Sumatra and other wildlife which live in the woods increasingly pressured closer to the residential society.

Our video evidence is increasingly clear that APP did not care about the environment and even destroyed it, the evidence is also increasingly clear that a variety of “sustainable label” that carried by APP highly should be doubted, the credibility of forest certification organization such as the Programme for the Endorsement of Forest Certification (PEFC) is also questionable. PEFC certify ‘sustainable’ to paper products throughout the world, but by many parties repeatedly criticized for their relationship with APP. Extremely surprising, products that contain natural forest timber, which is taken from the dead tiger habitat can be certified by PEFC.

PT Arara Abadi – tigertrapped
Location of tiger habitat clearing by APP. located within the concession13 km, Sumatra, tiger caught in animal traps. © Melvinas Priananda / Greenpeace

Last month Greenpeace used forensic tests to reveal the manufacture of toys, like Barbie and Transformer produced by Hasbro, Mattel and Disney which use packaging from deforestation in Indonesia. This study also used the guide field investigations, mapping data, which reveal newest evidence of destruction natural forests and peat on the island of Sumatra by APP.

Write and send a letter to Mattel to stop forest destruction in Indonesia!

Give education to the future generations not to destroy the future of Indonesia’s forests.
Greenpeace campaigns for protecting forests in Indonesia. Including habitat of endangered tigers.


We please you to sign a petition by Greenpeace on this page: www.greenpeace.org/canada/tigers/
to support the Indonesian Sumatra-Tigers!

Komodo Island Indonesia

Komodo Island is an island located in the Nusa Tenggara island, Eastern part of Indonesia. The island is known as the Komodo dragon habitat for native animals. This island is the Komodo National Park which managed by the Central Government. Komodo Island is located in the eastern of the island Sumbawa, which is the western end of East Nusa Tenggara Province, bordering the province of West Nusa Tenggara.
On this island, komodo animals live and breed well. In this island there are about 1,318 in number. There is also another island, such as the nearby island of  Rinca Island which a habitat for native animals of ancient komodo. Rinca island also became one of the of the island which belong to the Komodo National Park.

 

Rinca Island
Author Amelia Samulo, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Why komodo island more famous? That is because the island of Komodo was the place where the first komodo discovered  by Dutch Lieutenant, Steyn van Hens Broek in the early 20th century, and later named by the name of that animal.

Besides the two large islands, there are two other islands are included in Komodo National Park, and became komodo habitat, that  are : 1. Gili Motang Island, with 68 populated komodo, and 2. Pulau Padar, populated 86 komodo.

 

Gili Motang Island
Lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0.

 

Padar Island
Lisensi-Creative-Commons-Attribution-ShareAlike-3.0..jpg

 

Every tourists who visit the island of Komodo would be taken to travel to Rinca Island. In this island tourists will be invited to explore the tracks along the 2 km-8 km to visit komodo habitat, as well as on the Komodo Island. Track length and duration of the trip depends on the choice of tourists.

In komodo native habitat, visitors must be accompanied by tour guides (rangers) who are trained to deal with komodo. Tourists are also highly discouraged out of the group.

If we look at a glance, we might think komodo are lazy animals. Komodo also prefer silent or walking slowly. In fact, they can run at speeds 16 miles-18 miles per hour when chasing prey. They also can swim up to 500 meters. Tail and fangs are the power of them. Komodo classified as vicious animals. They are very sensitive to the smell of blood, even smell the blood within 5 km and are also sensitive to sudden movement and noise. If they have the disorder, komodo can be agitated and aggressive.

When face the attack from komodo, the ranger will hit the ancient animal’s neck with branches sticks which he always carried. Try not to get hurt when tracking or walking around.

Planning determination of the Komodo National Park as the New Seven Wonders of Nature in mid-May 2012 will make Komodo Island will be known around the world and is expected to attract more local and foreign tourists.

 

Komodo Island
Author : Liam Clancy
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 2.0 Generik

 

Beach in Komodo Island
Author : Yuli and friends

 

Sunset in Komodo Island
Author : Yuli and friends

 

Komodo National Park
Photographer : The World Heritage Collection (Wikipedia)
Lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0

 

Dragon Komodo
Author : Yuli and friends

 



 

 

Megalithic Gunung Padang Site (Mount Padang), in Cianjur, West Java, Indonesia

Archaeological sites in the district of Gunung Padang (Mount Padang) Cianjur Regency not everyone knows. In fact, these megalithic sites, with an area of 3 ha, claimed to be the largest megalithic sites in Southeast Asia. Certainly very unfortunate if we did not know it. Cianjur Regency want to make this site as a flagship tourist destination as well as education.

To reach the site, only jeeps and similar vehicles and motorcycles which can continue up to the location of the site. Gunung Padang sites located on top of a the hill, to reach from the base must climb a steep staircase, 95 meters high, made from andesite rocks pillars which laid nearly 400 stairs.

The view over the entire hill and building of megalithic sites is amazing. In the yard of megalithic sites, the visitors will listen to the explanations from tourists guide about this site from a variety of scientific approaches, also look at of thousands andesite stones which formed the pillars, four-or five-sided arranged in such a way as to various functions.

All megalithic buildings around the world built in prehistoric times (eg: Egyptian pyramids and  Stonehenge in England, Wikipedia).

This site estimated as an ancient cemetery. The existence of this site then reported back to the local government cultural overseers by local residents. Since then, the site has been examined in considerable depth while still leaves a variety of archaeological controversy. Archaeologists agree that the site is not a cemetery as stated by Krom (1914), that just mentioned that the site was estimated as an ancient tomb, but a place of worship.

Gunung Padang is the site located in an area geologically that have a quite active earthquake, not far from section Cimandiri, which stretches from the Gulf Pelabuhan Ratu, up to about Padalarang (districts in West Bandung regency, West Java province). If there is activation from the geological forces around the Gulf  of Pelabuhan Ratu, South of West Java, then it often becomes a mediator of shocking quake.

Some of the toppled and broken menhir in area of the site and is projected to cause earthquakes. In relation to worship, this site can be built for that purpose, so that people are protected from earthquake or volcanic sources that are not far from Mount Padang. Mount Gede occupied a very strong geomantic position for the Site of Mount Padang. Mount Padang site was built to be oriented entirely to Mount Gede.

 

Scenery of Mount Padang
Lisensi Dokumentasi Bebas GNU
Free Software Foundation

 

Mount Padang Site
Author : Mohammad Fadli
licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

Megalithic Site Mount Padang

 

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The beauty of the “Color Lake” (Telaga Warna) in Java Island Indonesia

Color Lake is not just one, there exist more at different places in Indonesia, I will tell the story about 2 of them that exist in Java Island Indonesia. The Lake that is called Telaga Warna (Colour Lake), located in Puncak, West Java and in Daeng Plateau, Central Java.

 

The Story/ Legend of Color Lake In West Java

Long ago there was a kingdom in West Java which  ruled by a wise king. His people lived in prosperity.

Unfortunately the King and  queen not blessed with descendants. Many years of waiting for a child, the King decided to go to the woods and prayed.  It was applied to the the Mighty for giving him descendants.
Entire kingdom rejoiced when the King and Queen prayer finally fulfilled. Queen conceived and gave birth a beautiful baby girl.

Princess grew into a beautiful young woman. Because she was the only child and her birth had so long awaited, she was very spoiled by her parents. All her wishes obeyed.

Princess had grown and soon she will be seventeen. The people of the kingdom gathered a lot of gifts for their beloved princess. The King collected all the gifts from the people and intended to shared back to them later. He just took a bit of gold and gems and then ask the jeweler for melting and making it to become a beautiful diamond necklace for his daughter.

On Princess birthday, the King gave her the necklace and said : “My daughter, now you have grown. Look at this beautiful necklace. This necklace is a gift from our people. They are really love you. ”

The people of the kingdom had come flocked to see their princess on her birthday. They want to see a sprinkled necklace of colorful gemstones decorated the neck of their beloved princess.

Princess just glanced at the necklace.

The King and Queen, tried to persuade her wearing the necklace.
“I do not want to,” replied the princess short. “I do not want to wear it! The necklace was ugly!  “She screamed and then ran to her room.

King, Queen and all the people there were stunned. Colorful necklace that was beautiful broken and pearl scattered on the floor. Queen sat down and started crying. Slowly all the women there began to cry, even men shed their tears. They never thought that their princess could do something like that.

Suddenly in the place necklace fell, spring water out which grew larger and making the palace drowned. Not only that, the whole kingdom inundated with water forming a large lake.

Now, the lake was not as wide as before, but the water looks beautiful, colorful, because of reflection the color of the sky and the trees around it. But many people believe that the beautiful colors of the lake came from the princess necklace at the bottom.

 

Puncak Pass Java – Indonesia, Picture taken by Hullie for Wikipedia
Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi-Berbagi Serupa 3.0 Unported

 

 

This video clip was made by college students in Bogor not far from Color Lake. They tried to share their experience about their trip to watch natural attraction. Although not a professional in making the video, but it’s very interesting to see their activity on that place.

In the video they showed their trip toward to the Color Lake, at the “Puncak” area, which left and right along the road unfold of tea plantations and beautiful scenery as well as the cool air.

They also told the story behind the legend of the Lake, as I told above. Arriving there they explored the lake by renting a boat. There are two facilities provided, by renting rubber boats and rafts. Visitors can also camp there. Various types of plants are there, because the lake is surrounded by mountainous tropical forest.

That place is not far from Jakarta, capital city of Indonesia and can use motorbike or car to go there, cars can not reach too close to the lake, because track of the road barely passable by car, but the organizer provides car park around it.

 

 


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Dieng Color Lake in Central Java

is one of the mainstay attractions Wonosobo regency in Central Java Province. This lake has a unique color, associated with the color of the lake. Sometimes yellow or green and colorful like a rainbow, because has a fairly high sulfur content.

According to the local community, there is a story that caused the color of the lake is colorful. It is said that, there is a ring once owned by a local nobleman which have magic power, but fell to the bottom of the lake.
While from a scientific study, this lake is a volcanic crater which contains sulfur. As a result, when the lake water exposed to sunlight, will be refracted become colorful.

Attraction Lake Colors are frequently visited by domestic and foreign tourists, because of  its beauty and the fresh air. To enter color lake attractions, visitor charged less than 1 dollar. Visitors are advised to keep their talk during exploring the region. The reason is, because this place is sacred. Myth and legend only the belief of local communities. You free to believe or not.

 

Telaga Warna, Dieng-Plateau, Central Java-Indonesia
Author : Kondephy
Licensed under the Creative Commons license Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unsuported

 

Dieng Plateau which has Many tourism besides Color Lake.

 

The volcanic terrain of the Dieng plateau, the Abode of the Gods
Author : Sumarma Hamidi (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia)
This file is in the public domain in Indonesia

 


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