Tag Archives: Politics

Dayak-Madurese ethnic war in Palangkaraya, Central of Borneo Indonesia

The riots in Sampit, only a series of riots by ethnic Madurese (Madura), since establishment of the Central Borneo, and more than 16 times of great upheaval happened, and also a small riot which sacrificed a lot of the people who are not from Madura.

Residents who are not Madura always succumb, so that the Madurese were so proud of such horrible acts and used it to terrorize them and to control joints economic, social, cultural and people of Central Borneo.

On the riverbank if Dayak tribes felt disturbed, they went  to the land, if on the land were given them trouble, they went to the hill, if in the hill they got a trouble, they went to the mountain, if in the mountain they were also disturbed, they went to the edge of the abyss. At the edge of the abyss they could not go anywhere so they defended themselves.

 

Dayak tribe
GNU Free Documentation License

 

Dayak tribes are treated unfairly and the lack of attention to the development of their regions. They were also accused of being a destroyer of forests and environment and labeled as retarded tribes and various pathetic titles which marked the life the Dayak people.

Dayak tribes have given the forest, soil and water for the lives of others, mining, wood, rattan, and natural result for making many rich people in Java, including Madurese (Madura) in East Java. They become a place to hold all of the suffering of other ethnic groups so that other people are satisfied and happy. Population people are increased in Central Borneo, while the Dayak people joined the Family Planning Program to support the government policy to reduce population growth. Madurese try to have as many children as possible and ensure the natural resources of Central Borneo will be available for those who are brave and have determination.

Triggers of the riots

  • Process of marginalization and poverty that occurred in Central of Borneo, both in terms of natural resource utilization, Regional Development injustice, and injustice to the protection the rights of life, added the inability of ethnic Madurese to tolerate almost any aspect in the life of the Dayak of Central of Borneo.
  • The existence of arrogance culture Madurese Tribes which underestimated the local culture of the Dayak, causing a variety of friction which was never entirely resolved both by society and government. Accumulated friction and feud sparked a mass brawl which culminated enlarged from time to time.
  • The tendency of the Madurese was bringing acquaintances, family, relatives and other communities of Madurese to go to the Central of Borneo. With the lack of education, criminal behavior and without any previous selection made the Central Borneo to get the Madurese which were not potential and many did the things that were not tolerant to almost all aspects of the Dayak’s life. Such as one of which was the rape of dayak girls.
  • The tendency of the tribe Madurese to protect their citizens which had done evil to the Dayak Tribes, causing the accumulation of hatred and became common problem among residents non Madurese in Central of Borneo.
  • Dayak Tribes of Central of Borneo had been very tolerant to the Madurese, so that in some Dayak families had received his son married to the Madurese.
  • The efforts from the figures that provoked the Madurese without knowing the original history of the riots.
  • There were also efforts from the Madurese figures which encouraged religious communities to disagree with one another, saying that the problems in the town of Sampit was extermination of Moslems.

Ethics conflict 2001

2001 was the peak of unrest among the ethnic Dayak and Madurese, which actually began in 1999. The early conflict occurred in 1999, precisely on 23 September evening, a fight which happened in a karaoke located on the border Tumbang Samba (village in the Middle Katingan, Katingan District, Central of Borneo Province, Indonesia), killing Tue Iba, one of Dayak Manyan who massacred by a group of Madurese. Dayak tribes who upset because of the innocent Iba Tue died then took a revenge by burning houses and livestock Madurese in Samba.

Preceded the incident, the burning extends to almost every village. At that time the government tried to evacuate 37 citizens of madura from the conflict area (Tumbang Samba) to prevent bigger victims. After that, the situation became more calm.

A year later, on October 6, 2000, there were beatings by a group of Madurese to the Dayak people, named Sendung, in an area 19 kilometers Katingan Regency location. Sendung died in tragic circumstances. Feeling angry, Dayak tribes eventually swept Madurese, the victim much larger than in 1999, the bus owned by Madurese burned while the passenger (Madurese) locked then slaughtered. Government’s efforts at that time was through the mediation Dayak ceremony to make the conflict was not sustainable.

Four months later, on February 18, 2001, large-scale riots happened. “The situation was already not stable, but people were still shocked. Sunday morning (February 18), house of Sehan and Dahur which are from Manyan Dayak tribe, besieged by maduranese. Sehan was retired from the military at that time. Siege ended with the burning of their homes and their families were also burned. Ten people were killed that morning.

The burning, massacre happened during the day. District Police and the TNI (Goverment Army) cooperated to  evacuate citizens Sampit to Palangkaraya. In the midst of a war that started raging, on Monday night at 10:25, the counterattack launched from the Dayak tribes. It lasted a full week, not counted  how many houses were on fire and the neck was cut off during the war occurred. “Up until a week already 18 times efforts to evacuate citizens Madura to Surabaya. Total number of displaced citizens reached 57 000 inhabitants.

The refugees were transported using the ship’s military and private shipping companies. They were transported to the island of Madurese. Until now still recorded in the memory citizens of Sampit about Mentaya river which filled with headless dead bodies, and of course the metallic smell of blood wafted up to a month after the riots. There is no definite calculation of the number of the victim.

 

Mentaya River at Sampit, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Author : Wibowo Djatmiko
Public domain

 

When the riots occurred, the headquarters of the Madurese concentrated in Sarigading and Hotel Rama Road. Reasonable if  largest dead bodies were later found in both places. Horrific atmosphere continued until one month after the riots, Sampit turned into a ghost town, the stench overpowering. Headless body lay along on every street corner. The bodies of riot victims eventually buried in mass graves in kilometer 13.8 Jenderal Sudirman Street.

Currently, those who are victims of violence slowly back to where they used to. I applaud the ability of the Madurese in terms of work, they start everything from zero again, their hard work without limits, if talk about feelings, small group of citizens Madurese worth to complain. Those who did not know anything must became the victim, stripped of all possessions, but at least  from the historical which was extremely painful, now they know how to build a good relationship with the local communities.

 

 A visit to the one of the Dayak villages and a little story about Sampit riot from Dayak elder

 

The Madurese martial art performance

 

The Dayak vs Madurese riot victims

WARNING – PERHATIAN – ACHTUNG
MINIMUM AGE OF 18 for viewing is extremely advised!

The following video shows victims of hard fights. Even adult people are shocked by the shown victims and most of the victims are ensured dead by simple weapons in form of long knifes or swords (Traditional weapons)

The purpose of showing this video here is to provide evidence of facts that described above and of the cruelty in the conflict. We look at the facts of the video that shows virtually or really just one side of the victim which can be used as propaganda against the Dayak tribes.

We highly recommend to read this entire article carefully in order to understand the reasons the Dayak tribes to fight and defend themselves, even though the victims were also children and women still find it difficult to tolerate. We do not choose Dayak or Madurese in this conflict, but we would like to inform you about the facts without hiding cruelty or misbehavior of all sides.

 

 

 Sampit, Central Borneo


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Location Sampit on Central Borneo and Madura Island

Pictures in Asian African museum

The End of the World War II didn’t mean the end of animosity between nations. In some parts of the world, old problem remained while the new ones emerged.

The images in accordance with the sequence of events :

In 1954, tension mounted in Indochina, since the U.S. intervention in Indochina and the French war, because of the cold war spread to Southeast Asian. Prime Minister Ali Sostroamidjojo Indonesia accepted an invitation from John Kotelawala, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka, to attend the conference to be attended by five prime ministers, Sri Lanka, Burma, India, Pakistan and Indonesia, which was held in Colombo in April 1954. This conference this conference we named it Colombo Conference or Colombo Plan. More about this we can find it in wikipedia :  Colombo Plan.

Cold War

Apartheid

Colonialism

One of the key figures in world war II

Headed the rise of nations – Bogor Conference

Bogor Conference was held on December 28 to 30, 1954, in Bogor Palace with the approval of Indonesia’s first president Soekarno, in which the conference was held to discuss the final preparations implementation of Asian-African Conference. Indonesia Upon the invitation Prime Minister of indonesia Ali Sostroamidjojo , attended the Prime Minister of Burma (Unu), India (Nehru) ,Pakistan (Moh.Ali), and Sri Lanka (John Kotelawala).

More About Asian-African Conference on Wikipedia

“Bandung Walk” and Asia Africa Echoes from Bandung

Monday April 18, 1955, since dawn the activities of convivial The Opening Season of the Asian-African Confernce In Bandung city had been started. Around 08.30 am, delegates from many countries walked from Homann Hotel and Preanger Hotel to Gedung Merdeka in order to attend that event. Their walked is known as “The Historical Walk” (The Bandung Walks)

The Opening Session of The Asian-African Conference in “Gedung Merdeka” on 18 April 1955 

Diorama of the opening season of the Asian-African Conference

 Photos of Delegations from some countries

 

Asian African Conference in Bandung

The First Asian-African Conference which was held in Bandung West Java Indonesia on 18-24 April 1955, was a very important moment in the history of Indonesia foreign policy, nation and government. The result from that was Dasasila Bandung (Ten Principles of Bandung on Wikipedia), which became the guideline for the colonized countries fighting for independence.

The spirit of Asian-African Conference became guidance and motivation for Asian-African countries. It was also motivated young generation of Indonesia and Asian African nations to gain higher prestige.

The Asian-African Conference convened upon the invitation of the Prime Ministers of Burma, Ceylon, India, Indonesia and Pakistan. In addition to the sponsoring countries the following 24 countries participated in the conference :

1.Afghanistan, 2.Cambodia, 3.China, 4.Egypt, 5.Ethiophia, 6.Gold coast, 7.Iran, 8.Iraq, 9.Japan, 10.Jordan, 11.Laos, 12.Lebanon, 13.Liberia, 14.Libya, 15.Nepal, 16.Philippines, 17.Saudi Arabia, 18.Sudan, 19.Syria, 20.Thailand, 21.Turkey, 22.Democratic Republic of Vietnam, 23.State of Vietnam and 24.Yemen.

Asian-African Conference considered problem of common interest and concern to countries of Asia and Africa and discussed about :

A. Economic Cooperation, B. Cultural Cooperation, C. Human Rights and Self-determination, D. Problem of Dependent Peoples, E. Other Countries problem (Intern conflict), F. Promotion of World Peace and Cooperation, G. Declaration of The Promotion of World Peace and Cooperation.

The Asian-African Conference declared its conviction that friendly cooperation in accordance with these principles would effectively contribute to the maintanance and promotion of international peace and security, while cooperation in the economic, social and culture fields would help bring the common prosperity and well being of all.

 Merdeka Building in Bandung during the Asian-African Conference in 1955.

Conference Hall in “Gedung Merdeka”
“Gedung Merdeka” is the Building of the first Asian-Africa conference and serves as museum today.
Author : http://www.flickr.com/photos/94417372@N00
This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0

 Merdeka building in 2012 becomes a museum of Asian-African Conference 

57th Anniversary of the Asian-African Conference (1955-2012)

 

Asia-Africa conference had refreshed and revived the moral spirit of the heroes of Asia and Africa in their struggle for independence, so that which sovereign states and independent, many joined in the continent of Asia and Africa.

The Asian-African Conference also succeeded in developing the spirit of solidarity among Asian-African countries, facing regional and international problems. After the Asian-African Conference many conferences were held by many organization in Asia and Africa.

Ten Principles or The Spirit of Bandung (Dasasila Bandung) had changed the view of the world on international relations and changed the structure of the United Nations which was no longer mainly as a forum for the West or East.