Tag Archives: Souvenirs

Batik cloth

Batik is the typical culture of Indonesia which has existed since the Majapahit kingdom. To further strengthen our understanding of batik, it helps us to know about the history of Indonesian batik. Batik is historically derived from the days of the ancestor, known since the seventeenth century, written and painted on palm leaves. At that time batik motif or pattern was still dominated by the shape of animals and plants, but in the history of its development, batik have evolved from painting motifs of animals and plants, turning on an abstract motif that resembles a cloud, temple reliefs, wayang, and so on.

 

Indonesian Batik

Batik Indonesia
Batik cloth
Source : Wikipedia
Maker : MartijnL
License : CC-BY-SA-3.0-nl (Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Netherlands)

 

The word “batik” is derived from the combination of two Javanese words “amba”, meaning “to write”, “titik” means “point”. Batik is one way of making fabric. Moreover batik can refer to two things. The first is the technique of coloring cloth using the night to prevent staining part of the fabric. In the international literature, this technique is known as wax-resist dyeing. The second is the fabric or clothing made by those technicque, including the use of certain motifs that have uniqueness. Indonesian Batik as the overall engineering, technology, and development-related motives and culture.

Through the merger of the painting with the art of decorating style clothing, batik art emerged as we know it today. The Indonesian nation that is culturally rich has led to the birth of various shades and types of traditional batik with the characteristics of their own specialization, such as batik Pekalongan, Yogyakarta, Solo (cities in Central Java) or other regions in Indonesia which patterns or motifs according to the specific region.

 

Traditional batik from Solo (Surakarta) Source : own photo Author or copyright holder : Thomas Bergholz
Traditional batik from Solo (Surakarta)
Source : own photo
Author or copyright holder : Thomas Bergholz

 

Traditional Batik from Yogyakarta Author : Thomas Bergholz Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Germany license. Attribution: Thomas Bergholz
Traditional Batik from Yogyakarta
Author : Thomas Bergholz
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Germany license.
Attribution: Thomas Bergholz

 

Batik Buketan from Pekalongan, Central Java. The name "Buketan" derived from European flower bouquet and floral motifs European Clearly displayed. The Buketan Batik originated during Dutch East Indies colonial era of Java. Source :Wikipedia Indonesia Maker : Bangko Gandrasta Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Batik Buketan from Pekalongan, Central Java. The name “Buketan” derived from European flower bouquet and floral motifs European Clearly displayed. The Buketan Batik originated during Dutch East Indies colonial era of Java.
Source : Wikipedia Indonesia
Maker : Bangko Gandrasta
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

During development, the art of batik was imitated by the people nearest and further expanded into the work of women in the household to fill their spare time. Furthermore, batik clothes that used only by the royal family then became a popular folk clothes, both women and men.

Types of Batik Based on Technique:

  • Batik Tulis (Writing Batik) is decorated with texture and batik style using hand in its making. This type of batik takes approximately 2-3 months.
  • Batik Cap  (Stamp Batik) is decorated with textures and patterns that is formed by stamp (usually made from copper). This type of batik process takes approximately 2-3 days.
  • Batik Painting is the process of making batik with a direct way to paint on a white cloth.

Batik is a craft that has high artistic value and has become part of the culture of Indonesia (especially Java) since long. Javanese women in the past made their skills in batik for a living, so in the past batik work is exclusively women’s work until the invention of “Batik Cap” which allowed the men to take a part of it.

World recognized batik as one of the heritage of mankind generated by the nation of Indonesia. Recognition and awards were presented officially by the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Culture Organization (UNESCO). UNESCO designated Indonesian Batik as a Cultural Heritage for Humanity Oral and Intangible (Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity) since October 2, 2009. The recognition made ??on 28 September 2009 and official award on October 2, 2009 in Abu Dhabi.

UNESCO recognition was given primarily as an assessment of the diversity of batik which is full of deep philosophical meaning. Awards were also given for the government and people of Indonesia that has been protecting and preserving the cultural heritage from generation to generation.

 

Indonesian Batik, A Living Art

 

 

 To know more detail about batik can be found at : Batik (Wikipedia)


Javanese Souvenirs

Wayang Golek (puppet from Sundanese land, West Java, Indonesia (Various characters from the story of the Mahabharata and Ramayana), made from wood in various sizes.

Wayang Golek in the tube and miniature of gamelan, musical instruments for a puppet show.
Barrier for the book, shaped wayang (Indonesian puppet), made from wood.

Pen-shaped wayang (Indonesian puppet), made from wood.

Indonesian fan made from wood and batik (a traditional cloth which famous on the island of Java, part of Indonesia)

Various sizes and designs fan from Indonesia.

Clock, with a miniature Angklung, in the glass box (angklung is musical instruments from Sundanese land, Indonesia, made from bamboo).

Lamp, with batik motif (cloths from Java Indonesia).

Lamp, created by wood and batik cloths (traditional cloths from Java, Indonesia).

Miniature house that is very interesting, can be ordered with the form of the house, appropriate the buyer wishes, roof made from banana leaves, sand used for the walls and grounds are decorated with live plants around it. Maintenance of live plants with just a little spray of water, once a week, in order not to decay or damage the entire home decorating.

Miniature house can be light with a small lights put in it

Miniature castle, explanation almost the same as a miniature the house, just a different plant, the plant that is used is ivy that can grow and cover up the castle.

Traditional bracelets from the island of Java Indonesia, made from wood.

Various shades of bracelets with a medium-size.

Various shades of bracelets with a smaller-size.

Wayang stories from the epic of Mahabharata and Ramayana

Although most of Indonesian are often said that the original wayang come from Java /Indonesia, but it should be explained what is the wayang story. Why it always takes the story of the of Mahabharata [2] and the Ramayana [3]?

Ramayana Javanese ballet dance depicting Rama and Shinta (upper right) accompanied by Lakshmana (bottom left) during their exile in Dandaka Forest.
Source : Own work
Author : Gunawan Kartapranata
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

Source: http://www.atributetohinduism.com/Hindu_Scriptures.htm

At the 4th century the Hindus came to Indonesia, especially the merchants who brought the doctrine of the Vedas [1] and the epic of India’s great story of Mahabharata and Ramayana in Sanskrit language. On the 9th century it was adapted into the ancient Javanese language.

Basically the story when we trace, the source of the story comes from India. Sourced from the epic Mahabharata which written by Viyasa and Epic Ramayana written by Valmiki.

Wayang story not only performed in Indonesia, but also in different areas of Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia) that are commonly used source of the epic of Ramayana and Mahabharata from India. The Stories are usually integrated with a wayang which adapted to the local folk tales or fairy tales.

1) About Vedas (on Wikipedia)

2) About Mahabharata (on Wikipedia)

3) About Ramayana (on Wikipedia)

Famous types of puppet that performed in Indonesia

There are several types of puppets in Indonesia in addition to the puppet show which originated from Indonesia, which is:

  • Wayang Kulit (Shadow Puppet), made of cow leather or calf, generally taking the story from the Mahabharata and Ramayana manuscript. The story of the Ramayana and Mahabharata stories prototype is played by a puppeteer. Puppet show is more popular in central and eastern Java. 

 

Wayang kulit performance, Museum Wayang. SourceOriginally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here. Author :Original uploader was Jpatokal at en.wikipedia Permission (Reusing this file)  Released under the GNU Free Documentation License.
Wayang kulit performance, Museum Wayang.
Source Originally from en.wikipedia; description page is/was here.
Author : Original uploader was Jpatokal at en.wikipedia
Permission
(Reusing this file)
Released under the GNU Free Documentation License.

 

 

  • Wayang orang/ Wayang Wong (Puppet human), puppet is played by people, who also tells the story of Ramayana and Mahabharata. 

 

Wayang Wong (Wayang Orang) Javanese dance performance in Wayang Orang Bharata Theatre, Senen, Jakarta. Depicting the character Pandawa Lima with their guard in left, and Sri Kresna in the right. Source :Own work Author :Gunawan Kartapranata Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
Wayang Wong (Wayang Orang) Javanese dance performance in Wayang Orang Bharata Theatre, Senen, Jakarta. Depicting the character Pandawa Lima with their guard in left, and Sri Kresna in the right.
Source : Own work
Author : Gunawan Kartapranata
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

 

  • Wayang Golek (Wooden Doll Puppet) are marionette puppets often made ??of mahogany with the same performance like other puppets, but it is not only tells the story of the Ramayana and Mahabharata, but also with clown servants characters. Funny and make allusions to the government. Accompanied by gamelan music.

 

Panakawan, the friendly gestures of cepot, the red face; petruk the long noses and gareng the round nose
Source : Wikipedia
Author : Monty32
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

 

  • Wayang Klitik (Klitik puppets), puppets made of mahagony wood, constructed similarly to wayang kulit figures. Klitik name was created because of the sound generated by the friction between the puppets are made from wood. Unlike the puppet show that is similar to the dolls, puppets klitik shaped like a flat leather puppets. Klitik puppets stories taken from the cycle of stories Panji and Damarwulan. Gamelan is also used to accompany the puppet show, although different for a certain instruments. 

 

Wooden wayangpuppet of Shiva. Source :Originally from de.wikipedia Author :Original uploader was Dieter Sedlaczek at de.wikipedia Public domain
Wooden wayangpuppet of Shiva.
Source : Originally from de.wikipedia
Author : Original uploader was Dieter Sedlaczek at de.wikipedia
Public domain

 

 

  • Wayang Beber, puppets made of cloth roll and unroll the mastermind, drove it and telling scenes in the reels. Named for a puppet beber sheet (explanation) that formed the cast of characters in the story of Mahabharata and Ramayana puppet either. This puppet show is still growing in certain areas on the island of Java. 

 

The painting of Bharatayudha battle in Wayang style. Wayang Exhibition, Bentara Budaya Jakarta. Source :Wikipedia Author : Gunawan Kartapranata Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported
The painting of Bharatayudha battle in Wayang style. Wayang Exhibition, Bentara Budaya Jakarta.
Source : Wikipedia
Author : Gunawan Kartapranata
Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported

 

 

Indonesian Puppet Show in english Language:

 

More details about the types of puppet above, can be found at Wikipedia.

 

Wayang Golek and Gamelan

In the puppet show, usually have a story from the Ramayana and Mahabharata by using Sundanese languange and accompanied by Sundanese music tools which called gamelan and performed by a puppeteer as the leader of the show and sing the song for the show, voicing various characters, set the gamelan and other songs. Gamelan musical instruments can be seen from the photo below.

Wayang Golek

Various types of puppets in Indonesia, one of them we call as wayang. Image that we see here is a wayang that comes from Sundanese land (West Java) which we call “Wayang Golek”. Wayang Golek is one of the typical art Sundanese land. In general, wayang golek is traditionally made by the people of certain villages in West Java. Mostly used as a folk performing arts. Wayang Golek is also often used as a souvenir.

Wayang Golek (Sundanese Puppet)